Collaboration between aerial rescue robots and human rescue workers (source: ICARUS consortium). In particular, electronic signatures fulfilling certain security requirements are legally equivalent to handwritten signatures. UGV and the indoor rotorcraft and their collaborative operation mode. 0000000800 00000 n 1 Methodology for the user-centered design and evaluation of VE user inter-action. system and emotional recognition system. a distinction needs to be made, depending on the terrain where the SAR operations take place, as there exists a separate urban SAR (USAR) and maritime SAR (MSAR), retariat. In: Operational validation of user needs and expectations. Following the, INSARAG deployment guidelines, it must be possible to deliver the goods to be trans, important is the total weight of the package, which must of course be brought to a mini, mum. will be discussed more in detail in the following chapters for each of the tools separately. signature-creation tools to be used in e-Government processes. tims and guides the unmanned surface vehicle and the unmanned capsule to the victims. In UCD, design teams involve users throughout the design process via a variety of research and design techniques, to create highly usable and accessible products for them. 0000005017 00000 n T, concept development, prototype development, nal product development) is, is even more important than usual, as the SAR environment is so technology unfriendly due, to the harsh operating conditions and the dependence of the human SAR workers on the tech‐, toward the intermediate operational validation of user needs and expectations via realistic. Figure 1.The human-centered design process, ISO-13407 User-Centered Design is a user interface design process that focuses on usability goals, user characteristics, Environment, tasks, and workflow in the design of an interface. Some of the ICARUS vehicles are equipped with a robot‐victim. M. TIRAMISU: FP7-Project for an integrated toolbox in Humanitarian Demining. and rescue tools and has therefore been one of the focus points of the ICARUS project. endurance aircraft. Un Unmanned Aerial System was deployed on-site in collaboration with traditional relief workers, to support them with damage assessment, area mapping, visual inspection and re-localizing the many explosive remnants of war which have been moved due to the flooding and landslides. 2. user requirements engineering, system requirements, system validation. Human centered design methodology: Case study of a ship-mooring winch. This means that simple interfacing. Insulin decision aids help diabetes patients, most of whom are elderly to make an informed decision to start insulin. Exploring University Students’ Preferences for Educational Robot Design by Means of a User-Centered Design Approach, Reducing Drone Incidents by Incorporating Human Factors in the Drone and Drone Pilot Accreditation Process, Operational validation of robots for risky environments, UAS deployment and data processing during the Balkans flooding, Designing Search and Rescue Robots towards Realistic User Requirements, The ICARUS project - Command, Control and Intelligence (C2I), Design At Work: Cooperative Design of Computer Systems, Development of a web-based insulin decision aid for the elderly: usability barriers and guidelines, Care & Prepare–Usability Engineering for Mass Casualty Incidents, Modular Architecture for Adaptable Signature-Creation Tools, A Study on the Interaction between Human and Smart Devices Based on Emotion Recognition, In book: Search and Rescue Robotics - From Theory to Practice. unmanned aerial vehicles with only minimal on‐the‐spot training, evaluating the user friend‐. Specify requirements for both the business and user. First, the whole design process has to care for the rescue personnel's' needs in these challenging situations and second, the rescue per-sonnel has to be prepared for using these specialized com-puter applications in case of an MCI. system, enabling disaster victims to send feedback (voice. User-centered design is an iterative methodology that prompts researchers and designers as well as end users to co-interpret an emerging design in the ongoing process [e.g., 16]. ICARUS small unmanned ground vehicle demonstrated during the first European unmanned search and rescue end users' conference (source: ICARUS consortium). Design solutions 4. Licensee InTech. Our results further suggest that a robot should primarily interact via speech and be able to display basic emotions, especially the positive ones. Therefore, it is no easy compro‐, many extra team members they could incorporate in their teams for operating unmanned, tools. Hence, the purpose of this study is to identify the common usability requirements that may facilitate good practices to empower elderly diabetes patients in utilizing a web-based insulin decision aid for their benefit. This is mainly due to, the fact that the crisis environment is extremely technology unfriendly, and SAR workers, under large amounts of stress to carry out a lot of work in a minimum of time, all technologies, they are required to use must be extremely user friendly. Structure of the different validation scenarios (source: ICARUS consortium). 59 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 61 /H [ 800 363 ] /L 104968 /E 22672 /N 16 /T 103670 >> endobj xref 59 19 0000000016 00000 n Keeping the end users. From this analysis, a series of guidelines for, safe human‐robot collaboration were deduced. A complete overview of the user requirements for all ICARUS goes beyond the scope of this, chapter. ], which was specially organized and dedicated to this subject. munities and by compiling user requirements. As such, also the size of the package to be transported must be kept to a, standard euro‐pallets, which limit the dimensions to 120 cm × 160 cm × 95 cm. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Upon reaching the, to test the collaborative victim rescue abilities of the fast unmanned surface vehicle and the. The main purpose of this scenario is to assess the search and rescue capabilities of, the small and large UGV and the indoor and outdoor rotorcraft and their collaborative. In this context, the EU-FP7-ICARUS project [1] concentrates on the development of unmanned search and rescue technologies for detecting, locating and rescuing humans. This paper reports the results of a recent survey involving over one hundred leading professionals of user-centered design (UCD). Care must be, than can be given by these power generators. A user-centered approach assumes that although people vary widely, they all have particular needs that must be met. The SAR workers have mobile devices at their disposal, running mobile applications, allowing them to read the robot sensor data via the ICARUS communication network and. This led to user require‐, tools. Another purpose of this scenario is to validate the command and control and network. The study will discuss how people feel and how Smart TV will respond accordingly. End‐Users' Conference. User task analysis A user task analysis3,4 is the process of identifying a complete description of tasks, subtasks, and methods required to use a system, as well as other resources nec- 0000001512 00000 n Operatives of the German relief team “Technisches Hilfswerk” (THW) being trained during operation on the, Space Applications Services NV/SA, Leuvensesteenweg, www.insarag.org [Accessed: November 22, 2016], Designing Search and Rescue Robots towards, Govindaraj S, Chintamani K, Gancet J, Letier P, Van Lierde B, Nevatia Y, Cockburn A. Proceedings of the First European Unmanned Search and Rescue Following the user‐centered design approach [, © 2017 The Author(s). Various theories and models have been published that guide the design and development of learning technologies. tive victim rescue abilities of the outdoor rotorcraft and the unmanned capsules. While both approaches have During the MSAR_Air‐Marine scenario, the outdoor rotorcraft searches, During the MSAR Marine‐Marine scenario, the fast unmanned. A user‐centered design was adopted, as discussed in this chapter. The type of site you are developing, your requirements, team, timeline, and the environment in which you are developing will determine the tasks you perform and the order in which you perform them. Some, USAR teams report on the other hand that the night would be the ideal time for unmanned. deployment test where the B‐FAST team deployed, under command of the team leader, using the full set of ICARUS tools, in order to validate that the use of these tools would, tional canine search teams in order to look for survivors on an incident site, in order to assess, the advantages and disadvantages of both approaches and their capability of working next to, another (which is not a given, as it was previously reported that dogs could be disturbed by, the (ultrasound) noises made by aerial robots). The survey covered a broad range of issues ranging from the profile of a typical UCD project including the percentage of total budget on UCD, organizational impact of UCD, measures of UCD success, and the most widely used methods and techniques. 6. Lisbon, Portugal: IARP; 2015, End‐Users’ Conference. 0000003234 00000 n Download PDF View details. The robot operator uses the robot com, mand and control station to control the multiple ICARUS robotic vehicles via the ICARUS, communication framework. A standardized methodology for use‐case redaction [, validation scenarios. Resulting from these user requirements, system requirements and a system architecture for the ICARUS system were deduced. Using robotic tools can lead to new safety hazards, as the use of unmanned aerial systems, and heavy ground or marine robots is not without dangers. The international standard 13407 is the basis for many UCD methodologies. It is used heavily across the private sector closely tied to “user-centered design,” to build a strong understanding which applies parallel processes 0000007596 00000 n Although the mere, Electronic signatures play an important role in e-Business and e-Government applications. Rene Wagemans, Anibal Matos, Eduardo Silva. Here, we focus on the requirements that are often disregarded by scientists developing, Unmanned SAR tools that need to be deployed quickly in remote areas must meet the, requirements of air transportability, imposing important constraints on the weight and size, bay of standard aircraft used for rescue operations. That way, it is possible to perform a more complete validation of the use of robotic tools in challenging real world scenarios. victims and deploys unmanned capsules to save the detected victims. Methods also available as book or PDF download in The Field Guide to Human-Centred Design. of search and rescue workers is validated. An advanced risk-reduction methodology, focusing on the human element, is thus required in order to allow for the safe use of drones. Collaboration between aerial rescue robots and canine rescue assets (source: ICARUS consortium). 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