Another point of contention, at least between some ranking liturgists and traditionalists, is (the use of) the "New Way of the Cross" being recited exclusively in the Philippines and by Filipinos abroad. The stations grew out of imitations of Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem which is believed to be the actual path Jesus walked to Mount Calvary. The Gospel side is perhaps the more usual. It has already been said that numerous indulgences were formerly attached to the holy places at Jerusalem. Rather than meditating about Christ’s journey to the cross, pray with him.. Jesus, as an observant Jewish man, would have prayed the Psalms throughout the day, and drawn strength and peace from them. Ecclesiastical approbation. Transcription. . But whilst this was being done in Europe for the benefit of those who could not visit the Holy Land and yet could reach Louvain, Nuremburg, Romans, or one of the other reproductions of the Via Dolorosa, it appears doubtful whether, even up to the end of the sixteenth century, there was any settled form of the devotion performed publicly in Jerusalem, for Zuallardo, who wrote a book on the subject, published in Rome in 1587, although he gives a full series of prayers, etc., for the shrines within the Holy Sepulchre, which were under the care of the Franciscans, provides none for the Stations themselves. There is, however, no direct evidence as to the existence of any set form of the devotion at that early date, and it is noteworthy that St. Sylvia (c. 380) says nothing about it in her "Peregrinatio ad loca sancta", although she describes minutely every other religious exercise that she saw practised there. [4][6] Occasionally the faithful might say the stations of the cross without there being any image, such as when the pope leads the stations of the cross around the Colosseum in Rome on Good Friday. Such crucifixes cannot be sold, lent, or given away, without losing the indulgence. a settled route that pilgrims followed, there is nothing in their accounts to identify this with the Way of the Cross, as we understand it. MLA citation. Such crucifixes cannot be sold, lent, or given away, without losing the indulgence. Inasmuch as the Way of the Cross, made in this way, constitutes a miniature pilgrimage to the holy places at Jerusalem, the origin of the devotion … The images are from St. Paul of the Cross Parish on Singer Island … They are usually ranged at intervals around the walls of a church, though sometimes they are to be found in the open air, especially on roads leading to a church or shrine. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Way of the Cross. The pope himself wrote the texts for the Great Jubilee in 2000 and used the traditional Stations. Jesus’ days on earth are an example to us of the sacrificial life (Romans 12:1–2). New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Inasmuch as the Way of the Cross, made in this way, constitutes a miniature pilgrimage to the holy places at Jerusalem, the origin of the devotion may be traced to the Holy Land. In monasteries they are often placed in the cloisters. Realizing that few persons, comparatively, were able to gain these by means of a personal pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Innocent XI, in 1686, granted to the Franciscans, in answer to their petition, the right to erect the Stations in all their churches, and declared that all the indulgences that had ever been given for devoutly visiting the actual scenes of Christ's Passion, could thenceforth be gained by Franciscans and all others affiliated to their order if they made the Way of the Cross in their own churches in the accustomed manner. The position of the figures in the tableaux, too, may sometimes determine the direction of the route, for it seems more in accordance with the spirit of the devotion that the procession, in passing from station to station, should follow Christ rather than meet Him. It is agreed that all that have ever been granted to the faithful for visiting the holy places in person can now be gained by making the Via Crucis in any church where the Stations have been erected in due form, but the Instructions of the Sacred Congregation, approved by Clement XII in 1731, prohibit priests and others from specifying what or how many indulgences may be gained. The Way Of The Cross A series of self explanatory tweets re the Amazon Synod. [7], The Stations of the Cross originated in pilgrimage to Jerusalem and a desire to reproduce the Via Dolorosa. At any rate, during the sixteenth century, a number of devotional manuals, giving prayers for use when making the Stations, were published in the Low Countries, and some of our fourteen appear in them for the first time. Even the highly educated Apostle Paul resolved to know nothing except Christ crucified. In 1931, French organist Marcel Dupré improvised and transcribed musical meditations based on fourteen poems by Paul Claudel, one for each station. [17], Out of the fourteen traditional Stations of the Cross, only eight have a clear scriptural foundation. Christ died for sinners. Shop for the way of the cross art from the world's greatest living artists. There is some uncertainty as to what are the precise indulgences belonging to the stations. In Davies's sequence, the final "station" represents the Resurrection, but of Antichrist, the composer's moral point being the need to distinguish what is false from what is real. It is carried out by passing from Station to Station, with certain prayers at each and devout meditation on the various incidents in turn. For the composition by Franz Liszt, see. Benedict XIV in 1742 exhorted all priests to enrich their churches with so great a treasure, and there are few churches now without the Stations. And, naturally, with varying numbers the incidents of the Passion commemorated also varied greatly. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15569a.htm. And, naturally, with varying numbers the incidents of the Passion commemorated also varied greatly. [8], After the siege of 1187, Jerusalem fell to the forces of Saladin, the first sultan of Egypt and Syria. Wey's account, written in the middle of the fifteenth century, gives fourteen, but only five of these correspond with ours, and of the others, seven are only remotely connected with our Via Crucis: When Romanet Boffin visited Jerusalem in 1515 for the purpose of obtaining correct details for his set of Stations at Romans, two friars there told him that there ought to be thirty-one in all, but in the manuals of devotion subsequently issued for the use of those visiting these Stations they are given variously as nineteen, twenty-five, and thirty-seven, so it seems that even in the same place the number was not determined very definitely. Several travellers, it is true, who visited the Holy Land during the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries, mention a "Via Sacra", i.e., a settled route along which pilgrims were conducted, but there is nothing in their accounts to identify this with the Via Crucis, as we understand it, including special stopping-places with indulgences attached, and such indulgenced Stations must, after all, be considered to be the true origin of the devotion as now practised. At the end of each station the Adoramus Te is sometimes sung. An interesting variation is found in the special set of eleven stations ordered in 1799 for use in the diocese of Vienne. In 1731 Clement XII still further extended it by permitting the indulgenced Stations to all churches, provided that they were erected by a Franciscan father with the sanction of the ordinary. The Stations of the Cross or the Way of the Cross, also known as the Way of Sorrows or the Via Crucis, refers to a series of images depicting Jesus Christ on the day of his crucifixion and accompanying prayers. With regard to the number of Stations it is not at all easy to determine how this came to be fixed at fourteen, for it seems to have varied considerably at different times and places. It is probable that the practice was born in the Franciscan context, but … The Way of the Cross synonyms, The Way of the Cross pronunciation, The Way of the Cross translation, English dictionary definition of The Way of the Cross. Ferraris mentions the following as Stations to which indulgences were attached: the place where Christ met His Blessed Mother, where He spoke to the women of Jerusalem, where He met Simon of Cyrene, where the soldiers cast lots for His garment, where He was nailed to the cross, Pilate's house, and the Holy Sepulchre. I assure you there is a connection. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.CONTACT US | ADVERTISE WITH NEW ADVENT. "Way of the Cross." From this it would seem that after Jerusalem had passed under the Turkish domination the pious exercises of the Way of the Cross could be performed far more devoutly at Nuremburg or Louvain than in Jerusalem itself. James Matthew Wilson's poetic sequence, The Stations of the Cross, is written in the same meter as da Todi's poem. The Cross means love. From about the 6th century BC until the 4th century AD, the cross was an instrument of execution that resulted in death by the most torturous and painful of ways. The Blessed Alvarez (d. 1420), on his return from the Holy Land, built a series of little chapels at the Dominican friary of Cordova, in which, after the pattern of separate Stations, were painted the principal scenes of the Passion. With regard to the number of Stations it is not at all easy to determine how this came to be fixed at fourteen, for it seems to have varied considerably at different times and places. Ecclesiastical approbation. Way of the Cross (STATIONS OF THE CROSS, VIA CRUCIS, VIA DOLOROSA). Inasmuch as the Way of the Cross, made in this way, constitutes a miniature pilgrimage to the holy places at Jerusalem, the origin of the devotion may be traced to the Holy Land. Others that may be enumerated were those at Görlitz, erected by G. Emmerich, about 1465, and at Nuremburg, by Ketzel, in 1468. In several of these early examples an attempt was made, not merely to duplicate the most hallowed spots of the original Via Dolorosa at Jerusalem, but also to reproduce the exact intervals between them, measured in paces, so that devout people might cover precisely the same distances as they would have done had they made the pilgrimage to the Holy Land itself. The cross is thus a sign of both Christ himself and of the faith of Christians. Because by Your Holy Cross You have redeemed the world. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. The erection of the Stations in churches did not become at all common until towards the end of the seventeenth century, and the popularity of the practice seems to have been chiefly due to the indulgences attached. APA citation. Produced by http://www.divinemercyrosary.com Stations of the Cross by St. Alphonsus Liguori. What is the Cross? The custom originated with the Franciscans, but its special connection with that order has now disappeared. Answer: Simply put, the meaning of the cross is death. The Stations of the Cross or the Way of the Cross, also known as the Way of Sorrows or the Via Crucis, refers to a series of images depicting Jesus Christ on the day of his crucifixion and accompanying prayers. He explains the reason thus: "it is not permitted to make any halt, nor to pay veneration to them with uncovered head, nor to make any other demonstration". Stefano Vagnini's 2002 modular oratorio, Via Crucis,[27] is a composition for organ, computer, choir, string orchestra and brass quartet. Particularly common as musical accompaniment is the Stabat Mater. Riccoldo da Monte di Croce, Burchard of Mount Sion, James of Verona), mention a "Via Sacra", i.e. 1. Readers who are concerned with the Russia Hoax may wonder what the connection is. Benedict XIV in 1742 exhorted all priests to enrich their churches with so great a treasure, and there are few churches now without the Stations. Community celebrations are usually accompanied by various songs and prayers. The earliest use of the word Stations, as applied to the accustomed halting-places in the Via Sacra at Jerusalem, occurs in the narrative of an English pilgrim, William Wey, who visited the Holy Land in 1458 and again in 1462, and who describes the manner in which it was then usual to follow the footsteps of Christ in His sorrowful journey. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Choose your favorite the way of the cross designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! (1912). So Pilate entered his headquarters again and called Jesus and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” It is the story of Jesus, naturally, and in particular of the Via Crucis, or Way of the Cross, his painful path along the road that led him to Mount Golgotha. The erection of the Stations in churches did not become at all common until towards the end of the seventeenth century, and the popularity of the practice seems to have been chiefly due to the indulgences attached. [10] The earliest use of the word "stations", as applied to the accustomed halting-places in the Via Sacra at Jerusalem, occurs in the narrative of an English pilgrim, William Wey, who visited the Holy Land in the mid-15th century, and described pilgrims following the footsteps of Christ to the cross. To provide a version of this devotion more closely aligned with the biblical accounts, Pope John Paul II introduced a new form of devotion, called the Scriptural Way of the Cross, on Good Friday 1991. The following are the principal regulations universally in force at the present time with regard to the Stations: In conclusion it may be safely asserted that there is no devotion more richly endowed with indulgences than the Way of the Cross, and none which enables us more literally to obey Christ's injunction to take up our cross and follow Him. Copyright © 2020 by Kevin Knight. These crosses must be of wood; no other material will do. It is the secret and power of a Christian's life. If there are no Franciscan Fathers in that place the bishops who have obtained from the Holy See the extraordinary of Form C can delegate any priest to erect the Stations. One of the most frequent of these is the Station formerly made at the remains of the Ecce Homo arch, i.e. Past composers of the Papal Stations include several non-Catholics. Originally, the pope himself carried the cross from station to station, but in his last years when age and infirmity limited his strength, John Paul presided over the celebration from a stage on the Palatine Hill, while others carried the cross. All credit goes to the famous celebrities who wore it, making this religious necklace more like a fashion statement! The others, though comprising the chief events of the Passion, are not strictly incidents of the Via Dolorosa itself. A desire to reproduce the holy places in other lands, in order to satisfy the devotion of those who were hindered from making the actual pilgrimage, seems to have manifested itself at quite an early date. Advocates of the traditional form of the Stations ending with the body of Jesus being placed in the tomb say the Stations are intended as a meditation on the atoning death of Jesus, and not as a complete picture of his life, death, and resurrection. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Imprimatur. googletag.cmd.push(function(){googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1402172227320-0');}); In explanations of this it is supposed that the other four falls coincided with His meetings with His Mother, Simon of Cyrene, Veronica, and the women of Jerusalem, and that in these four the mention of the fall has dropped out whilst it survives in the other three which have nothing else to distinguish them. Whether this is so or not we cannot say for certain. Another variation that occurs in different churches relates to the side of the church on which the Stations begin. It is as follows: Imitations of these were made at Louvain in 1505 by Peter Sterckx; at St. Getreu in Bamberg in 1507; at Fribourg and at Rhodes, about the same date, the two latter being in the commanderies of the Knights of Rhodes. It is very usual, when the devotion is performed publicly, to sing a stanza of the "Stabat Mater" while passing from one Station to the next. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. If something crosses your mind, you…. [26] Paweł Łukaszewski wrote Via Crucis in 2000 and it was premiered by the Wrocław Opera on Good Friday March 30, 2018, and transmitted on TVP Kultura. There should if possible be a separate meditation on each of the fourteen incidents of the Via Crucis, not a general meditation on the Passion nor on other incidents not included in the Stations. Peter Maxwell Davies's Vesalii Icones (1969), for male dancer, solo cello and instrumental ensemble, brings together the Stations of the Cross and a series of drawings from the anatomical treatise De humani corporis fabrica (1543) by the Belgian physician Andreas van Wesel (Vesalius). Contact information. In 1773 Clement XIV attached the same indulgence, under certain conditions, to crucifixes duly blessed for the purpose, for the use of the sick, those at sea or in prison, and others lawfully hindered from making the Stations in a church. About this page Learn more. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15569a.htm. 15. The stations grew out of imitations of Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem which is believed to be the actual path Jesus walked to Mount Calvary. The objective of the stations is to help the Christian faithful to make a spiritual pilgrimage through contemplation of the Passion of Christ. In conclusion it may be safely asserted that there is no devotion more richly endowed with indulgences than the Way of the Cross, and none which enables us more literally to obey Christ's injunction to take up our cross and follow Him. Alternative Title: Way of the Cross Stations of the Cross, also called Way of the Cross, a series of 14 pictures or carvings portraying events in the Passion of Christ, from his condemnation by Pontius Pilate to his entombment. APA citation. At any rate, during the sixteenth century, a number of devotional manuals, giving prayers for use when making the Stations, were published in the Low Countries, and some of our fourteen appear in them for the first time. Learn more about the history and symbolism of the cross. In 1857 the bishops of England received faculties from the Holy See to erect Stations themselves, with the indulgences attached, wherever there were no Franciscans available, and in 1862 this last restriction was removed and the bishops were empowered to erect the Stations themselves, either personally or by delegate, anywhere within their jurisdiction. The Veronica incident does not occur in many of the earlier accounts, whilst almost all of those that do mention it place it as having happened just before reaching Mount Calvary, instead of earlier in the journey as in our present arrangement. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. The house of Dives, the city gate through which Christ passed, the probatic pool, the Ecce Homo arch, the Blessed Virgin's school, and the houses of Herod and Simon the Pharisee. Additions and omissions such as these seem to confirm the supposition that our Stations are derived from pious manuals of devotion rather than from Jerusalem itself. If one person hold the crucifix, a number present may gain the indulgences provided the other conditions are fulfilled by all. Some have it displayed on their mantel, others wear it around their neck. Long before Jesus was crucified on the cross at Calvary, He exhorted us to take up our cross daily and follow Him, which is a condition of disciple A disciple is another word for a follower of Christ, one who is learning to be like his Master. At the monastery of San Stefano at Bologna a group of connected chapels were constructed as early as the fifth century, by St. Petronius, Bishop of Bologna, which were intended to represent the more important shrines of Jerusalem, and in consequence, this monastery became familiarly known as "Hierusalem". Imitating holy places was not a new concept. See more. The Via Dolorosa at Jerusalem (though not called by that name before the sixteenth century) was reverently marked out from the earliest times and has been the goal of pious pilgrims ever since the days of Constantine. In deciding the matter, however, the arrangement and form of a church may make it more convenient to go the other way. If the Via Crucis goes outside, e.g., in a cemetery or cloister, it should if possible begin and end in the church. In 1686, in answer to their petition, Pope Innocent XI granted to the Franciscans the right to erect stations within their churches. These were usually placed, often in small buildings, along the approach to a church, as in a set of 1490 by Adam Kraft, leading to the Johanniskirche in Nuremberg. The conditions are that, whilst holding the crucifix in their hands, they must say the "Pater" and "Ave" fourteen times, then the "Pater", "Ave", and "Gloria" five times, and the same again once each for the pope's intentions. As the Stations of the Cross are prayed during the season of Lent in Catholic churches, each station is traditionally followed by a verse of the Stabat Mater, composed in the 13th century by Franciscan Jacopone da Todi. Additions and omissions such as these seem to confirm the supposition that our Stations are derived from pious manuals of devotion rather than from Jerusalem itself. . Structurally, Mel Gibson's 2004 film, The Passion of the Christ, follows the Stations of the Cross. According to many the Stations may be made more than once on the same day, the indulgence may be gained each time; but this is by no means certain (S.C.I., 10 Sept., 1883). Innocent XII confirmed the privilege in 1694 and Benedict XIII in 1726 extended it to all the faithful. Etymology: Way + … Meaning and examples for 'Way of the Cross' in Spanish-English dictionary. The way of the cross: The way of life. The stations themselves must consist of, at the very least, fourteen wooden crosses—pictures alone do not suffice—and they must be blessed by someone with the authority to erect stations.[22]. [4][5], The style, form, and placement of the stations vary widely. At the same time he definitely fixed the number of Stations at fourteen. The cross is mentioned a number of times in the Bible, but most significantly in the letters of Paul. David Bowie regarded his 1976 song "Station to Station" as "very much concerned with the stations of the cross". +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. 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