Two of them were geography and trade. The geography that had the most effect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. Mountains cover 80 percent of Greece and only small rivers run through a rocky landscape which, for the most part, provides little encouragement for agriculture . In this chapter, you learn about the ways in which geography influenced settlement and way of life in ancient Greece. Ways in Which Geography Impacted Rome's Development. Nearly every city had the direct access towards the sea; therefore, marine trade was quite solid at that time. First, Greece has easy access to water. The ancient city of Rome dominated most of Europe, Africa and the Middle East for centuries. The Greek peninsula has two distinctive geographic features that influenced the development of Greek society. The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. The land contains countless scattered islands, deep harbors, and a network of small rivers. Give it to someone else and tell them how some rocks, dirt, salt water, and trees helped shape the civilization of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast. History >> Ancient Greece. Although it is tempting to ascribe Rome's success to its military power or economic might, the geography of the city … Due to the mountains in Greece all these city-states were split up and therefore they all had different practices and cultures. Geography; How did it affect the rise of Athens? While living on the land helped to develop a strong sense of pride in their country, the distance between the islands and the mountains did not help to support unity in Greece. The geography of Greece greatly influenced the culture in that, with few natural resources and surrounded by water, the people eventually took to the sea for their livelihood. Greek temperatures average 48 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. Now, put everything back in the mystery box. Geography and trade affected the development of Greece in positive and negative ways. Isolated Communities and the Difficulties of Travel Greece's steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. That is to say, mainland Greece’s mountainous geography encouraged the development of independent Greek city-states (Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, etc.) The ancient civilization of Greece was located in southeastern Europe along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The sea is another important geographical factor that influenced the development of Ancient Greece. T here were many factors that affected the development of Greece. Geography plays a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient Greece. Greece being a mountainous region created natural barriers and division for the city/states of Greek civilization. We do know, using the Greeks and many other examples from ancient history, that geography has a huge influence on how things turn out. In a nutshell, Greece’s geography is Europe’s geography writ small. The Greeks, like many other ancient civilizations, felt deeply connected to the land they lived on. First of all, the climate in Greece was very temperate. One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. No wonder, Greeks were known as the best merchants of the ancient period. This lesson examined the role that the geography and climate of Greece had on the development of the Greek people. 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