David Chalmers taxonomizes the two main camps of the debate as "type-A" and "type-B" physicalists. The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how we experience qualia or phenomenal experiences, such as seeing, hearing, and feeling, and knowing what they are. That is the crux of what philosophers call the “Hard Problems of Consciousness.” Understanding of Consciousness. What is the hard problem of consciousness? Let me give you an example: Imagine you’re talking to an advanced robot. How to tackle the consciousness “problem” There was only one truly hard problem of consciousness, Chalmers said. The so-called hard problem of consciousness is a chimera, a distraction from the hard question of consciousness, which is once some content reaches consciousness, ‘then what happens?’. For the past hundred years or more, ever since Scientific Materialism came to dominate the field of science, scientists have been trying to figure out how matter is able to create consciousness. If you look at the brain from the outside you see this extraordinary machine – an organ consisting of 84 billion neurons that fire in synchrony with each other. Chalmers is careful to explain that he doesn't mean the 'easy' problem is trivial, just nothing like as mind-boggling as qualia, the redness of red, the ineffably subjective aspect of experience. What it is basically saying is, how can a combination of body and mind generates a first person experience. This is a central issue in consciousness study today. As Nagel (1974) has put it, there is something it is like to be a conscious organism. I think that the idea of a hard problem of consciousness arises from a category mistake. The problem, variously phrased, can be stated this way: in a universe that is so obviously full of things that are objectively observable, how is it possible for there to be a purely subjective, first person experience that only I can experience directly?. What scientists today call the “Hard Problem” is coming up with a theory that explains how the brain creates consciousness. Physicalists are divided on the question of whether there's a hard problem of consciousness. The hard problem of consciousness is a problem of how physical processes in the brain give rise to the subjective experiences of the mind and of the world. What is ‘hard’, claims the man of the p-zombies, is to account for phenomenal experience, or what philosophers usually call ‘qualia’: the ‘what is it like’, first-person quality of consciousness. He calls the first the 'easy' problem and the second, which is the real focus of his attention, the 'hard' problem. 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