Its typical habitat is a mix between woods and open land. This website - NECottontail.com - was the brainchild of a girl named Amaya. There is also a desert cottontail out in the dry (arid) western ranges. The eastern cottontail (Figure 2) is the most abundant and ranges across the entire state. Cottontail Rabbit Cottontail litters are usually born from March through September, with about half the total litters being born in May and June. This site is an effort to provide information about the NE Cottontail, including how to develop or maintain supporting habitat, legislative efforts to protect the species, and people and organizations that are leading the fight to save this rabbit species before it's too late.. These habitat changes have likely been exacerbated by increases in the cottontail’s important predators. Through their efforts, cottontail habitat has increased and the species has begun to make a rebound. To get away from a predator, a cottontail rabbit will run in a zigzag pattern and reach speeds of up to 18 mph (29 km/h), according to National Geographic. Rabbits are an important food source for many predators. As such, each species has a slightly different habitat and climatic conditions to adapt to. Rabbit numbers decline when their habitat is destroyed, and over the past few decades, good rabbit habitat has disappeared at an unprecedented rate. Coyotes, foxes, bobcats, fishers, weasels, hawks, and owls all kill and eat rabbits. Cottontail Rabbit . Cottontail rabbits are the most common and widely found rabbits in North America. Hind feet are large and average three inches long. Get some quick facts on the habitat of this creature of the wild. Habitat The wood rabbit habitat consists of open grassy areas, clearings, and old fields supporting abundant green grasses and herbs, with shrubs within the area or edges for canopy. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit Sylvilagus floridanus. So we’ve focused on it, but, really, most of what you’ll read here applies to all cottontails. Cottontail rabbits are tiny little things, ranging in size from 15.5 to 18.75 inches, and weighing as little as 28 ounces -- although boys can weigh as much as 54 ounces. Their occurrence is distributed across America, from the dry and desert regions of Arizona, Texas and New Mexico to the Hudson River area and New England. Previous mark-recapture studies indicated that cottontail rabbit movement between habitat types was negligible (Lochmiller et al. Over the last 50 years the range of this once-common rabbit has shrunk and its population has dwindled. Cottontail Rabbit Facts – Habitat and Food. Close-up of desert cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus audubonii) looking through brush Your adorable domesticated pet rabbit might have a cozy life indoors with you, but many rabbits all over the planet reside on their own in the wild. Rabbit, any of 29 species of long-eared mammals belonging to the family Leporidae, excluding hares (genus Lepus). Like all cottontail rabbits, New England cottontails don't live very long in the wild. When the rabbit takes short hops, its tracks look like the number "7," with the two hind feet planted first, then the two front feet set behind. Rabbits differ from hares in size, life history, and preferred habitat. The New England cottontail lives in parts of New England and eastern New York. The cottontail rabbit gets its name from its fluffy tail that resembles nothing less than a cotton ball. The single most effective way to increase cottontails on an area is to increase both the quantity and quality of cottontail habitat. When we built the equestrian area at Longfield and designed the paddocks with soft edges that meet hard edges (and eventually thick cover), we unknowingly created excellent rabbit habitat. Additionally, the cottontail rabbit, though still facing stressors, was withheld from being federally listed as threatened or endangered thanks to the dedication of land managers and private forest landowners, like Kurt, across the Northeast. Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are extremely tolerant of other individuals in their vicinity. Each mature female bears an average of four litters per year. Improve your habitat. An Eastern cottontail rabbit. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, settlers carved many small family farms from the wilderness. In recent years, populations of coyotes and red foxes have increased throughout the New England cottontail’s range. Tim Farmer, host of Kentucky Afield TV, meets up with Tom Rust to talk about building rabbit habitat on his property and the positive outcomes of doing so. The desert cottontail is born in a nest lined with grass and with fur which the mother pulls from her belly. The desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii), also known as Audubon's cottontail, is a New World cottontail rabbit, and a member of the family Leporidae.Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are extremely tolerant of other individuals in their vicinity. Found throughout the state, eastern cottontail rabbits are most common in southern Michigan landscapes with abundant edge habitat.An edge is the area where two different habitats meet, such as a field and a forest. The gestation period is about 28 days. Provide high plant diversity and heavy cover. In Illinois, the swamp rabbit is found only in the southern counties. ("Species Profile for New England Cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus transitionalis)", 2012; "Wildlife in Connecticut Wildlife Factsheet- Cottontail … Your rabbit-management plan should include as many of the following habitat needs as you can provide: Well-distributed protective cover; An ample year-round food supply; A safe place for nesting and development of their young It is the only rabbit native to this area, and it's an important part of our natural heritage. Rabbits are ground dwellers whose habitat ranges from deserts to tropical forests and wetlands. aquaticus), Appalachian cottontail (S. obscurus), marsh rabbit (S. palustris), and eastern cottontail (S. floridanus). Building a DIY brush pile is super easy and very affective for making rabbit and other small game habitat. The cottontail is generally abundant throughout New York State, with the exception of the central Adirondack Mountains. 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