Each chicken sound means something specific. But with great competition for natural resources, how do animals living in this environment adapt for survival?. Chicken, (Gallus gallus), any of more than 60 breeds of medium-sized poultry that are primarily descended from the wild red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus, family Phasianidae, order Galliformes) of India. Size and strength are important, as the more powerful roosters have a higher rank in the pecking order, and are thus able to provide more food for their harem of hens. A mother hen turns her eggs about 50 times a day. Chicken owners should be familiar with these normal but smelly “cecal poops.” Kidneys and vent: Chickens don’t pee, and they don’t have a bladder. The prairie chicken uses its air sack to make booming and clucking noises to attract a mate, the male chickens also stomps their feet and fight off each other to … The live span of a chicken is about 10 to 15 years. Chickens are domestic or farm birds. London: Reaktion … 12. The domestic chicken is an excellent model to investigate the genetics of adaptation, as it involves transformation of the ancestral red jungle fowl into a domesticated bird. A chicken can live for a short while without a head! The male is larger and more brightly colored than the female. Chicken eggs nutrition value is the same, regardless of the egg color. The genetic footprints of adaptations to naturally occurring tropical stress along with domestication are poorly reported in chickens. 16. 14. The size and color of a cock’s comb – the fleshy red appendage on a male chicken’s head – is also a factor, as are the wattles, the dangling red flesh beneath their chins. 15. The chicken breed called turkens is not a chicken and turkey cross. 13. Chicken Facts. This is common feature in birds. Hens generally choose their mates based on the size and brightness of a roosters comb on top of his head. The following are print sources followed by key online sources used in this article. The sturdy beak is right for breaking laborious nuts and enhancing the chicken’s grip when climbing timber, as a part of parrot adaptations. Habits/Adaptations The male prairie chickens have large orange air sacks on their neck and also have bright orange eyelashes to attract mates. _____ All online source are hyperlinked where applicable. 11. The tropical rainforest is hot and humid, but the substantial amount of rainfall yearly makes it an ideal environment for life. The chicken is perhaps the most widely domesticated fowl, raised worldwide for its meat and eggs. Urinary system wastes ( urates is the word used for bird urine) produced by the kidneys are simply dumped in with the digestive wastes at the end of the digestive system, at the cloaca , or vent. That is a myth. The males show off their colorful feathers to attract the females. A chicken has a … The largest chicken egg weighed nearly 12 ounces. Sometimes they will mate with multiple roosters at once. 10. 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