William Beckford of Somerley inherited four sugar plantations in Jamaica, which he personally supervised. Today, you can choose between taking a camel ride or getting your picture taken with “Cindy” the camel and the crew. Variations of this archetype included one-story buildings constructed of wood, cut stone or Spanish walling or wattle and daub; or two-story building made of brick, wood or cut stone. No slave trader could afford to dispense with a cargo of rum. Bryan Edwards, plantation ower and author of Maroon Negroes. Jamaican Sugar Plantations When beginning to discuss sugar plantations in Jamaica, the word slavery comes to mind. One, King's Valley, was in Westmoreland, to the far west (green circle). With no preferential tariff protection and absolutely no cheap labour work force, sugar plantation owners in Jamaica and other colonies could not compete with Brazil and Cuba. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. He commissioned George Robertson to paint these plantations and many other landscapes in Jamaica. Anti-slavery treaties were signed with over 50 African rulers. The Mona Campus of the UWI in Jamaica, occupies lands that were part of two large sugar estates: Mona and Papine. At the age of 10, her family moved to Haiti, and soon her parents died of yellow fever. For a lengthier discussion, see David E. Paterson, “A Perspective on Indexing Slaves’ Names,” The American Archivist, 64 (Spring/Summer 2001), 132-142. http://www.afrigeneas.com/library/slaves_georgia.html, British mercantilist ideology largely explains the rise of the plantation system in the United States. Guided tours take you to the ballroom, dining room, and Annie's bedroom and grave. Today, a visit to the Barnett Estate offers you a look back at the past to the days when this land grew everything from sugarcane to coconuts. During this period, a number of enterprising Scottish and English families settled in Jamaica, drawn by the promise of upward social mobility and prosperity. When extracting and indexing historical or genealogical data on American slaves, researchers will find that most kinds of records usually give slaves a first name only. David Innes - Mount Grace Plantation (sw). William Swymmer and brother Anthony. The English seized Jamaica in 1655 from the Spanish and, like their neighbours on the smaller islands, the pioneering settlers created a string of small-scale agricultural settlements. Forrest land at Luana, St. Elizabeth, Jamaica, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, Ancient Planters: John Burras/Burris/Burroughs, Jamaica Out of Many - One People Master Project, http://www.will-robson.com/Jamaica/Historical-Jamaica/, 1763 Map of Jamaica and a List of Property Owners show, Slave Movement During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, http://history-world.org/Africa%20in%20the%20age%20of%20the%20slave%20trade.htm, http://innercity.org/holt/slavechron.html, http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/slavery.aspx, http://britishandamericanslavery1500-2000.blogspot.com/, Jamaica Surveyed: Plantation Maps and Plans of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, James Irving of Ironshore and his Descendants, 1713-1917 by Sir Æmilius Irving, edited by L. Homfray Irving, Jamaican Family Search Genealogy Resource Library, Michael Craton (Craton, Michael) on Bookfinder.com, Searching for the Invisible Man: Slaves and Plantation Life in Jamaica by Michael Craton, A Jamaican Plantation: The History of Worthy Park 1670-1970 by James Walvin, Michael Craton, Caribbean Exchanges: Slavery and the Transformation of English Society, 1640-1700, by Susan Dwyer Amussen, A Short History of Slavery and Sugar Cane in Jamaica, 1670 Census of jamaica and land acres in Clarendon, http://www.kislakfoundation.org/prize/200102.html, http://www.antonymaitland.com/maitjohn.htm, http://www.orange-tree-valley.co.uk/hnj/rr01/rr01_043.htm, http://www.discoverjamaica.com/tour_c.htm, http://www.jamaican-traditions.com/rosehall-great-house.html, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~eda70/frogg_plantation_jamaica.html, http://www.fiwiroots.com/greathouses.html, http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/AL40Trelawny.htm, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jamwgw/loyal.htm, http://bellsouthpwp.net/t/e/teague_l/Low/Dugue.htm, http://heritagearchives.rbs.com/wiki/John_Blagrove_junior_%281753-1824%29%2C_West_Indian_plantation_owner, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2011/07/09/bachmann-stands-by-marriage-pledge-, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukawsaw_Gronniosaw, http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/tfj/index.htm, http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/cugoano/cugoano.html. Consequently, Georgian Period (1720-1760) inspired the designs, from which the Jamaican Georgian (1760-1830) evolved. The Pennant plantations, therefore, are almost a microcosm of British Jamaica, and an exploration of their records provides valuable insight into this important but painful part of British history. Belvedere is staffed by many craftspeople in period costume. These include the influence of weather and terrain on sugar production, the impact on the island of the American Revolution (War of Independence) and of slave rebellions, matters associated with the import and export of goods and those concerning legislature, and the management of enslaved workers. Like Rose Hall (below), Greenwood is a reminder of the turbulent period in Jamaica's history when wealthy plantation owners lived in luxury thanks to the profits of the slave labor used to power sugar plantations. Not all West Indies planters made fortunes but many - including the Pennants - did. How productive were the Pennants' plantations? You can take a one-hour horseback tour of the estate or a guided tour by a costumed docent. List of Surveyors and Planmakers, 1700-1900 2. Parliament subsequently approved an emancipatory act that gave all enslaved people in British colonies their freedom by 1838. The Bight of Benin's shore soon came to be known as the "Slave Coast". This project aims to explore the families who settled in Jamaica, with the eventual goal of tracing their inter-connections and family histories. Later six of these paintings were engraved and published as a set by John Boydell in London in 1778. Rose Hall is the best-known great house in the country and is an easy afternoon visit from Montego Bay. 295–7. The sugar monoculture and slave-worked plantations characterized Jamaica throughout the 1700s. [86], In 1811, Arthur William Hodge was the first slave owner executed for the murder of a slave in the British West Indies. In 1790 he published a two-volume work called A Descriptive Account of the Island of Jamaica which includes his observations upon the organisation of the island's sugar trade. The map of Jamaica was produced by James Robertson from land surveys of Jamaica between 1796 and 1799 and published in 1804. This 132-acre working pineapple and coffee plantation offers half-day estate tours. 26 Williams, Baumslag and Jelliffe, Mother and Child … There were many more slaves and far larger sugar plantations in Jamaica than there were in Barbados, which was the next largest producer of sugar in the Caribbean. 1775 was clearly a good year, as the agent confirms that he had shipped 1,000 hogsheads. The size and profitability of the property and the wealth of the owner determined the size of the house. The sugar trade. Look at the ruins of the great house, dating back to the early 1800s, the ruins of a sugar factory, a horse-drawn sugar mill and herb garden. two sugar plantations, Hyde Hall and Etingdon in Trelawny, sold to Mrs. Shirley for only 6,000 pounds. In 1670, the Treaty of Madrid handed Jamaica formally from Spain to England. Their father had arri... "James Irving the Younger was Custos of Trelawny and represented that parish in the Assembly of 1774, 1781, 1790, and 1796. Its merchants acquired land on the east coast of America and in the West Indies where the land was cleared for tobacco and sugar plantations. The Dutch may have been to blame for what many traders considered a "disagreeable and burdensome custom." http://www.ampltd.co.uk/collections_az/plantation-life-1/description.aspx, "Merchant Networks" Jamaican Planters, Esquires, http://www.merchantnetworks.com.au/jamaica/jamaica5.htm. Annie was adopted by a Haitian voodoo priestess and became skilled in the practice of voodoo. He was a rich sugar plantation owner and slave owner from Bristol. Albion was a sugar plantation in Saint David Parish, Jamaica. George Gascoyne was named as the main beneficiary of the will of Sarah Chandler, so it is assumed he inherited Seven Plantations in Jamaica which had been bequeathed to Sarah by her husband George Chandler 14 years previously. Spanish settlers arrived in 1510, raising cattle and pigs, and introducing two things that would profoundly shape the island’s future: sugar and slaves. According to Atkins (1735 cited in Craton, Walvin, and Wright 1976:32) the African trader "never cares to treat with dry Lips." Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukawsaw_Gronniosaw , http://www.brycchancarey.com/sancho/index.htm, http://www.brycchancarey.com/abolition/index.htm, http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/tfj/index.htm -, http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Olaudah_Equiano, were among the first to attempt to present the western world with a view of the African continent that was not coloured by racial prejudice or avarice. Bryan Edwards was a Jamaican planter and politician. [74] In addition, tens of thousands of slaves, mostly from India and some from Africa, were carried to the Dutch East Indies. = Apiary. For Anyone. This thought occurs because of the crucial role that the slaves played in attempting to make these plantations … Caribbean Farms for Sale & Plantations for Sale. As a result, Britain began to colonize territories across the Atlantic to take advantage of their rich natural resources and encourage exports. A few caveats on this list : http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jamwgw/loyal.htm, conected somehow-- http://bellsouthpwp.net/t/e/teague_l/Low/Dugue.htm, Jarrett, John, heirs of, Golden Grove, 1350, Linton, Joseph, heirs of, Linton Park, 2428, Mitchell, William, heirs of, George's Valley, 1577, Oakley, Sir Charles, trustees, Bunker's Hill, 1679, O'Conner, Richard, heirs of, Carrick Foyle, 432, Paterson, Thomas, heirs of, Downe Castle, 190, Reynolds, Charles, heirs of, Clermont 423, Stothart, William, heirs of, Dundee, 1461, Shedden, Robert, heirs of, Stewart Castle, 1918, Shirley, Henry, Hyde Hall, Etingdon, and Glamorgan, 4622, Turnbull, Mark, heirs of, Spring Garden, 466, Thompson, Thos, P. heirs of, Vale Royal, 612, Virgo, Rebecca. Amount of sugar produced was dependent upon several factors, including the Pennants were absentee landowners, as,. Of Wear pen plantation Manchester, Jamaica and running SEA to SEA 132-acre working pineapple and coffee offers... 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