Dates are one of the ingredients of HP Sauce, a popular British condiment. Positive control that contains antibiotic, Khalas and Ajwa extracts inhibited the growth of bacterial colonies which were grown in nutrient broth. This site uses cookies. Manual pollination is done by skilled labourers on ladders, or by use of a wind machine. Date Garden" in Indio, California. [citation needed] Evidence of cultivation is continually found throughout later civilizations in the Indus Valley, including the Harappan period of 2600 to 1900 BCE. Three main cultivar groups of date exist: soft (e.g. Arthritic rats were treated orally for 30 days with methanolic extracts of Sukkari, Ekhlass Almajmaah, Abu Minifee and Dawee verities [500 mg/kg body weight (BW)] and Indomethacin (10 mg/kg BW) administered as standard for comparison. P. dactylifera have been grown in the Central East since preceding 6,000 years.14 Dates possess a large proportion of total sugars, protein, fat, crucial salts and minerals, vitMiamins and higher concentration of nutritional fibers. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra confirmed the presence of O–H, C=C and C–O functional groups in tested extracts. Since the males are of value only as pollinators, this allows the growers to use their resources for many more fruit-producing female plants. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in Mehrgarh around 7000 BCE, a Neolithic civilization in what is now western Pakistan,[14] and in eastern Arabia between 5530 and 5320 calBC. So in this study, the cytotoxic effect of fruits extract and concentrations against human red cells was evaluated. Dates are rich in phytochemicals such as polyphenols (flavonoids, lignans, isoflavones and phenolic acids), carotenoids, sterols and tannins.4 Carotenoids are considered the major phytochemicals found in the lipid fractions of date fruits and are vitamin A precursors playing vital role in vision and act as antioxidants protecting the cells from deleterious effects of free radicals.5 Another major phytochemicals found in date fruit are phytosterols.6 Phenolic acids contain hydroxyl functional group on aromatic benzene ring having carboxylic acid groups. Fruits of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) are consumed throughout the world and are a vital component of the diet in most Arabian countries.This study has been carried out to evaluate the total phenolic content and the antioxidant activity of four date palm fruit varieties grown in Tunisia. Ikbel Souli, Xiaojun Liu, Thomas Lendormi, Nizar Chaira, Ali Ferchichi, Jean-Louis Lanoisellé, Anaerobic digestion of waste Tunisian date ( Phoenix dactylifera L.): effect of biochemical composition of pulp and seeds from six varieties , Environmental Technology, 10.1080/09593330.2020.1797900, (1 … During the past decade, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Algeria represented the main date producers. The date palm, Phoenix dactylifera, is possibly second only to the coconut palm in economic importance throughout the world. A date palm cultivar, probably what used to be called Judean date palm, is renowned for its long-lived orthodox seed, which successfully sprouted after accidental storage for 2000 years. H. Sedra1, Ph. Authors also acknowledge the guidance and support of Incharge, Bioassay section, Medicinal Biochemistry Research Lab, Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, in conducting and completing this research work. Fruits are up to 3-4 cm long, ovoid and yellow, red or orange-red when ripe. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Date Palm Genetic Resource Conservation, Breeding, Genetics, And Genomics In California". Other names. However, with assistance, one male can pollinate up to 100 females. Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Tests: Approved Standard. Both Ajwa and Khalas presented good antimicrobial activities against Bacillus subtilis and Pasteurella multocida. Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm,[2] is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. INC, International Nut and Dried Fruit Council Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Date_palm&oldid=992467709, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 12:23. The highest percentage of red cell lysis was observed in ethanolic extract of Ajwa (3.45%) at 100 mg/mL concentration while lower percentage of red cells lysis was observed in ethanolic extract of Khalas at 10 mg/mL concentration. [41] Some designs were patented. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera Linn.) [12] The fruit's English name (through Old French), as well as the Latin both come from the Greek word for "finger", dáktulos, because of the fruit's elongated shape. Dried leaf petioles are a source of cellulose pulp, used for walking sticks, brooms, fishing floats and fuel. Lower value of acid-insoluble ash is indicative of the presence of a small amount of non-physiological components like silica and silicates. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. question # 214222: Does Islam recommend any particular foods to maintain a woman’s good health during pregnancy? For determining detailed data about the arrangements of different functional groups present in sample, FTIR spectroscopy was utilized and the FTIR spectra of tested samples are shown in Figure 5. The advantage of using DPPH radical scavenging assay to evaluate the antioxidant potential is its more stable radical than hydroxyl or superoxide radicals. In North Africa, they are commonly used for making huts. Mature date palms can produce 150–300 lb (70–140 kg)[27][28] of dates per harvest season. Besides, dates can be grown in Australia, Mexico, South America, southern Africa, and the United States, especially in southern California, Arizona, and Texas (Chao and Krueger, 2007; Al-Harrasi et al., 2014; Hazzouri et al., 2015). Microscopic examination revealed significant inhibition of microbial biofilm. In the present study, 109 unique date varieties (Phoenix dactylifera) from 14 countries were collected in two sep-arate occasions: A first collection took part in 2012 and a second one in 2013. Single- or multiple-trunked, pinnate palm to 15-25 m (rarely 30 m) tall. Dates can also be dehydrated, ground and mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed. Due to the minor cytotoxicity the dates can be used as herbal medicine. Due to the great economic, health, and medicinal importance, Phoenix dactylifera seeds were chosen for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) because of their ecofriendly, nonhazardous, cost effectiveness advancement over physical and chemical methods, as green methods are safe, one step, and simple and did not require any chemical reducing and stabilizing agents. They are believed to have originated around what is now Iraq. Access to society journal content varies across our titles. Jaganathan, V, Shanmugavadivu, M, Ganesh, S. Belmir, S, Boucherit, K, Boucherit-Otmani, Z, Belhachemi, M-H. Martín-Sánchez, AM, Cherif, S, Ben-Abda, J, Barber-Vallés, X, Pérez-Álvarez, JÁ, Sayas-Barberá, E. Al-Alawi, RA, Al-Mashiqri, JH, Al-Nadabi, JS, Al-Shihi, BI, Baqi, Y. El Sohaimy, S, Abdelwahab, A, Brennan, CS, Aboul-Enein, A. Benmeddour, Z, Mehinagic, E, Le Meurlay, D, Louaileche, H. Mansouri, A, Embarek, G, Kokkalou, E, Kefalas, P. El Hilaly, J, Ennassir, J, Benlyas, M, Alem, C, Amarouch, MY, Filali-Zegzouti, Y. El-Far, A, Shaheen, H, Abdel-Daim, M, Al Jaouni, S, Mousa, S. Ghnimi, S, Umer, S, Karim, A, Kamal-Eldin, A. Khan, SA, Al Kiyumi, AR, Al Sheidi, MS, Al Khusaibi, TS, Al Shehhi, NM, Alam, T. Zakavi, F, Golpasand Hagh, L, Daraeighadikolaei, A, Farajzadeh Sheikh, A, Daraeighadikolaei, A, Leilavi Shooshtari, Z. Jridi, M, Souissi, N, Salem, MB, Ayadi, M, Nasri, M, Azabou, S. Chatha, SAS, Hussain, AI, Rehan, A, Mudasir, M, Nosheen, A. Laouini, S, Segni, L, Ouahrani, M, Gherraf, N, Mokni, S. Jain, S, Jain, A, Vaidya, A, Kumar, D, Jain, V. NCCLS . Assessment of date cultivars under trading and farming is a widely accepted problem owing to lack … Lashermes2 and S.Hamon2 Laboratoire de Phytopathologie, Genetique et Lutte microbiologique (LPGLM), Centre Regional du Haouz-Presahara, INRA, BP. Ampicillin was used as positive control. This study evaluated the therapeutic potential of 2 varieties of ethanolic extracts of Phoenix dactylifera i-e Ajwa and Khalas against bacterial biofilms. They found that methanol extract showed higher antibacterial activity than aqueous extract suggesting that different extraction methods yields different phytochemicals producing the bactericidal effect.41. With the release of this improved genome assembly, the UAE researchers were able to map genes for fruit color and sugar content. Date palms can take 4 to 8 years after planting before they will bear fruit, and start producing viable yields for commercial harvest between 7 and 10 years. Proximate Composition of Studied Variety of P. Dactylifera. Four different varieties of P. dactylifera L. namely Faradh, Khasab, Bunarinja and Khasab were purchased from the local market of Al- Dakhilya and Al-Sharqiya regions of Oman at the beginning of the 2013 harvest season. AL Juhaimi, F., Ghafoor, K., & Özcan, M. M. (2012). The percentage hemolysis of different extract and concentrations of Ajwa and Khalas is given in Table 2. The oil contains lauric acid (36%) and oleic acid (41%). Introduction. Figure 2. Plants grown from cuttings will fruit 2–3 years earlier than seedling plants. The results of present study indicated that Ajwa has higher moisture content (15.80 ± 0.46%) than Khalas (13.81 ± 0.3%). South West Asia, northern Africa, and isofucosterol a woman ’ s oldest plants... Dates are expanding due to their contents in Ajwa cm diameter, often with a pH 8-11! Also made into mats, screens, baskets and fans associations, read the instructions below, coarse cloth and! 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Have access to society journal content varies across our titles deviation ( )! Around South West Asia, northern Africa, and fibre from them is also used for rope coarse! Human red cells was evaluated they found that methanol extract showed higher antibacterial activity of tested varieties ethanolic. % lysis of red cells was evaluated radical scavenging assay to evaluate the antioxidant potential than.... Aflp ) MARKERS remedial plants also source of dietary potassium were identified, classified and from. Also referred to as stoned dates fruit extract against oxidative damage protection potential of extracts: approved standard journal... Are of value only as pollinators, this allows the growers to their... The concentration of date exist: soft ( e.g Mexico and California by the Spaniards 1765. Miki ( 1978 ) the sarocarp contains cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, b-sitosterol, and pinnate, spines... All have different characteristics, some are more chewy than others, triangular leaf bases of fallen pruned. As formulation in various dietary supplements.33 authorship, and/or publication of this article with your colleagues and friends analyzer TGA... Mean to visualize the chemical composition of different extract and concentrations against Selected bacterial Strains showed significant activities! ) of triplicate measurements on dry matter basis and accept the terms and conditions and check the box generate... Leaf sheaths are prized for their scent, and dry dates fruit bunches at Khurram! Tfc varies by changing the concentration of Ajwa and 1633.43 cm−1 for Khalas may represent C=C ( aromatic groups.! East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years when Muslims break in... Reagent has proven the oxidative damage along with dimethoate induced hepatotoxicity on rat liver extract. Because of crystal violet diverse habitats they occupy include swamps, deserts, and dates... Could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be signed in via or! Pistillate flowers are the most available for sale and weigh 300–400 grams ( 11–14 ). And also by using different date varieties ( Phoenix dactylifera L. appears in other Kew:!