The MagazineGlobal News Briefs+Btw (Editors Blog), FacebookTwitterGoogle+Sign up for email updates, ©2018 All rights reserved. The Hispanization of the Philippines: Spanish Aims and Filipino Responses, 1565 – 1700. The parity clause of the Bell Trade Act provided that: “The disposition, development and utilization of all agricultural, timber, and mineral lands of the public domain, the waters, minerals coal, petroleum, and mineral resources of the Philippines, and the operations of public utilities, shall, if open to any person, be open to citizens of the United States and to all forms of business enterprise owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by United States citizens.”. Defenders of modern imperialism and colonialism long pleaded their case in terms, In the late 1700’s and early 1800’s, colonialism was a constant threat to the Natives living in the Americas. New York: International Publishers, 1970), Shalom, Stephen R.. Philippine Acceptance of the Bell Trade Act of 1946: A Study of Manipulative Democracy. The POSITIVELY FILIPINO online magazine chronicles the experiences of the global Filipino in all its complexity, providing analysis and discussion about the arts, culture, politics, media, sports, economics, history and social justice. Many of its problems fostered by centuries of colonial rule and its slow and erratic socio-economic growth continue to afflict present-day urban life, greatly affecting national development. Some may say that giving the Philippines an opportunity to become bilingual learning English and knowing their own dialect, was a benefit from the U.S. colonization (PH 2006) Another Pro that some would agree upon is the fact that the Philippines had a weak government (PH 2006). Despite the difference between French and British colonialism, the impact on blacks remained the same, and is clearly displayed through the gradual assimilation with each foreign group. Student Teacher Class Date English VS. Spanish Colonization Although the English and Spanish both sought to sail across the Atlantic and explore to conquer the New World for their own unique reasons, the conditions and experiences they faced differed greatly. Agoncillo, Teodoro A. 20. Their actions reinforced slavery in a new light of mental captivity, which, Europe and Asia in the nineteenth century, these nations to developed a dependence for economic growth due to exploitation of the people and land. They came back in huge numbers and were augmented by migrants from the provinces that were also devastated by the war, in search of jobs, greater security and education. Colonialism developed from imperialism, which can, Lulwa Al woqayyan The Spaniard’s image of Manila Bay when they first arrived in May of 1570. List of Pros of American Imperialism. Consequently, towards the end of the American regime, Manila’s pre-war problems like congestion, poverty, slums, inadequate public services and other urban problems were not only evident but had escalated and become critical. Spanish domination was established with minimum use of force and control was secured largely by the evangelizing work of the Spanish religious missionaries. It was this extremely profitable trade, centered in Manila, that greatly determined the initial pattern of development for the Philippines as a whole and Manila, in particular, under Spanish rule (Phelan, 1959). Direct participation in the Galleon Trade was limited to the Spaniards in Manila – the merchants, civil servants and religious orders – who served as commercial intermediaries, and the Chinese traders at the “Parian.” The native population were excluded, supposedly because of their lack of capital and trading experience. The Bell Trade Act delimited Philippine sovereignty through continuing United States control over the exchange rate of the Philippines and the “parity clause” provided in the Act. The Spanish missionaries also used Manila as initiating point of their evangelization activities. Manila Post Office Building, Intramuros with San Agustin Church, Manila, February 1945. These rules were also frequently unenforced. Spanish colonization of the Philippines brought the disadvantages of foreign diseases to the natives. On the other hand, many resented the discriminatory parity clause and continuing control over the monetary exchange policy. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. This notion could be defined in different ways. It directly affected the formulation of national economic and development policies. Through this, the government was able to preserve peace and order around the country and has collected taxes in order to build schools and other public works. RELIGIOUS RESULTS DURING SPANISH PERIOD The wall of Intramuros in Manila is a remnant of the Spanish colonial period. Phelan, John Leddy. Where colonialism can be seen as force. In the first years of American rule, Philippine exports exceeded imports. While the Philippines is a free nation, it has a rich history of expansionism, from the Spanish to the Americans (Lasado, 2014). This paved the way to the alienation of much of native landholdings, individual as well as communal, and their eventual concentration in private hands. Colonialism is a situation of some territory which ruled by another country. 2) J. L. Phelan, The Hispani.ation of the Philippines, Madison, 1959, p. 22. 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