Already in the 1100s, England started to gain control over this region. Commonly referred to as "troubles," this period is defined by the conflict between Catholic republicans and nationalists, and Protestant loyalists and unionists. According to the Evangelical view, this … It is here most of the fighting has taken place. They also share many of the same religious celebrations. As others have mentioned, there is no ‘hard and fast’ rule, really. The Catholic clergy is still influential despite the population becoming more secular in recent decades. Overview and history. The dogmas crafted by the Protestants are the gist root cause of the theological differences between the Protestants and Catholics giving rise t… Protestants account for 48% of the population while Catholics account for 45%. A lot of people wonder why the Catholics who feel suppressed simply do not move down south to the Republic of Ireland where they would be among their own. Protestants, unlike Catholics, do not believe in the saints and the special powers of Mary, the Mother of God. They were mostly of British descent and wanted Northern Ireland to remain part of Britain. What is the difference between Ireland and Northern Ireland? The Protestant v Catholic conflict has defined Irish history since the 16 th century and has led to innumerable conflicts. There will be some discussion as to differences between Catholics and Protestant groups such as Anglicans, Lutherans, and Baptists. Irish Catholics made up the Irish poor who constituted 80 percent of the population and owned less than one-third of the land. The Protestants, on the other hand, wish to remain within the UK because they feel culturally and historically a part of this union since their ancestors emigrated from England and … More recent Irish history is still inextricably bound up with the religious divide between the Protestant majority of Northern Ireland and the Roman Catholic majority of the Irish Republic. Both confessions believe that it is important as it allows a person to become a full member of the Church. Many people in Northern Ireland are descendants of the original population of this region and are also Catholics. Many people in Northern Ireland are born and bred with scepticism and even hatred towards those on the other side. There are 520 million Protestants mainly in Northern Europe and North America. Most people who were brought in were Catholics. Justification is crucial for salvation in all forms of Christianity. Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon). Protestant groups such as the Anglicans believe that if a person loses their faith then they are not justified. Because of their more literal approach to the Bible, Protestant do not accept doctrines such as Purgatory or practices such as Lent. The sectarian violence resulted in the terrorist campaign of the IRA and Loyalist Paramilitaries. The pope. Here are some of the main differences that you need to remember. Available from http://protestantism.co.uk/. Sanctification is the process of becoming holy according to Judisch. Why do not the Catholics move south to Ireland? This has prevented them from reconciling to this day. The terms Protestant and Catholic are not really opposites. Although there are some integrated schools, many children go to separate schools and a lot of inhabitants have never spoken to Protestants or Catholics, respectively. In 1922 Ireland was partitioned. Enormous paintings on various buildings show which area you are in. There are literally thousands of Protestant groups, while Catholics are united in a common church. Another difference between Catholics and Protestants is with regard to communion. In Protestant Churches, synods and congregations make the decisions regarding decision-making and governance. How do people in Northern Ireland react to the use of violence? When Martin Luther protested at the corruption of the Papacy, he started the Reformation, that led to the birth of Protestantism. They believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and that he died for their sins. The wish for independence grew stronger and stronger and England had more and more difficulty in controlling the rebellious Irishmen. Terrorism and murder were carried out both by extreme Catholics and extreme Protestants. It means in the Catholic Church receiving the grace of God and sharing in the divine life. Justification is a state that can be lost. The Republic of Ireland is a majority Catholic country. The conflict is primarily a social and cultural one. Moreover, they only accept the bible as the sole authority in religious matters, while Catholics also respect tradition. Both practice Holy Communion and see it of immense significance. Ireland's history is a long story of suffering, suppression and poverty, but also one of strong people who refuse to give up and who manage to see things from a humorous side in the face of hardship. The referendum following this showed that approximately 3 out of 4 said 'yes' to the agreement. The Republic of Ireland is historically a Catholic country and a large majority of the Irish are Catholics. They reject the idea of apostolic succession advocated by Catholics. Protestants believe that the Word of God as expressed in the Bible. Protestant groups emerged all over Northern Europe and soon established themselves around the World. The Catholics want to be reunited with the rest of Ireland and to leave the union with England, Scotland and Wales. They are both small cities and to compare them to Norway, even the capital Belfast is smaller than Oslo. Twenty-nine people were killed and more than 200 wounded. Both branches of Christianity believe in heaven and hell. In 1793, with Irish Catholics having the vote on the same terms as Irish Protestants, and with their playing a front-line role in the defence of Ireland in the event of a French invasion, it might have been assumed that the Catholic question was now over. Both groups are growing, in the Developing World but the level of attendance, at their services in North America and Europe, is declining. World Politics, 52(2), pp.206-245. Northern Ireland is a Protestant-majority region within the UK with a large minority who profess to be members of the Church of Rome. Despite having a common origin, the two Christian denominations have major differences. Both groups revere the Old and the New Testament. Protestants typically have a more literal approach to the bible. Protestants are not open at all to papal primacy. Why is there so much talk of Catholics and Protestants in the conflict in Northern Ireland? The division between Catholic and Protestant changed European history and led to a series of bloody religious wars, especially in the 16th and 17th. The Troubles, also called Northern Ireland conflict, violent sectarian conflict from about 1968 to 1998 in Northern Ireland between the overwhelmingly Protestant unionists (loyalists), who desired the province to remain part of the United Kingdom, and the overwhelmingly Roman Catholic nationalists (republicans), who wanted Northern Ireland to become part of the republic of Ireland. By 1600 Europe was divided between those who owed their loyalty to the Pope and those who rejected him. The soldiers’ presence in Northern Ireland is extremely provoking to the Catholic side. Catholics have a Pope, which they consider a vicar for Christ — an infallible stand-in, if … The differences between Catholic and Protestant is essential if you are to understand modern history according to Heal. While tensions between the two have eased there appears little hope for the unification of the Christian Church. Sanctification, satisfaction, and the purpose of purgatory. Sinn Féin is the political party in Northern Ireland which has had the closest bond to the IRA. Northern Ireland was a Protestant state and the Catholic minority suffered a great deal of discrimination. Catholics and Protestants are the two most important branches of Christianity today and both groups are very influential in the world. The Catholic Church is headed by the Pope and has a clerical hierarchy. There has been some progress as a result of the Good Friday Peace Agreement, but the terrorist organizations who acknowledged it have not kept their deal entirely, which was to hand in their weapons without delay. Catholics and Protestant do not accept all the books of the Old Testament. The political leaders Catholic John Hume and Protestant David Trimble later received the Nobel Peace Prize for their contribution. Saints can help a person in this life and the life to come. The Roman Catholic Church is the single largest church in the country although there are more Protestants … Catholic is an adjective derived from the Greek adjective καθολικός, meaning \"general; universal\" (cf. What are the ‘Troubles’ and why are there British soldiers in Northern Ireland? Maybe you think it is not that important. As the Protestant English landowners "ascended" to the gentrified class in the 1700s, the Irish Catholics descended deeper into lives of desperation and deprivation. After a period of guerrilla war, an agreement was reached with England about Irish independence in 1921. The first wars of religion broke out in Germany in the 1550s. For this reason it is incorrect to refer to members of the Church of Ireland as ‘non–Catholic’. The terrorist group behind the bomb was against the peace process and wanted to ruin the productive communication between the two sides by creating new hatred. Both groups are Christians and they believe in one God, who made heaven and earth. Levy, S.R., West, T.L., Ramirez, L., and Karafantis, D.M., 2006. It’s probably best not to make assumptions. This is rejected by all the mainstream Protestant Churches, who hold that people are only justified by faith alone, according to Levy et al. The English had a particularly difficult job in ruling the Irish in the northern corner of the country (called Ulster). Protestants all accept that the bible is the only source of authority, they are ‘bibliocentric form of Christianity’ according to Introduction to Protestantism.co.uk, Catholics believe that tradition is another source of authority. The original conflict between the Catholics and Protestants in Ireland was not truly a matter of religion -- it was a matter of social class. But this was not to be the case. The Troubles ended in 1998, after the signing of the Good Friday Agreement. The religious roots of modern international relations. Faith and Philosophy, 26(2), 167-185. NOTE: see http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/default.stm for updates on the current situation in Northern Ireland. The old enemies: Catholic and Protestant in nineteenth-century English culture. After Irish independence was a fact in 1921, the struggle continued to get Ulster back from the British. In the 1960s the Catholics sought equal rights’ and this led to sectarian rioting. Because of Christ sacrifice, people can now achieve salvation. Religious teachings are not an issue between the Catholics and Protestants. The principle of Justification is the biggest doctrinal difference between Catholicism and Protestantism. The Protestant Irish, often referred to as the Scotch-Irish here, began, for the most part, immigrating sooner than Irish Catholics, many in the 1600s … The northern part, called also Northern Ireland belongs for today to the United Kingdom and covers about 13 800 km². Many of the Protestant Churches hold very similar views but some such as the Anglican are more similar to Catholicism than the Baptists. Ireland – or the Republic of Ireland as it is officially named – is now a completely separate country and has no longer any formal bond to the UK. Catholics and Protestants believe that the Bible is the Word of God and is a source of authority and is used in their services. Inter-marriages and Anglicisation can muddle things. This is seen as ending the period of Catholic and Protestant Wars argues Philpot. The Catholic Church there faces the same challenges as in Ireland – falling attendance, financial challenges and an à la carte attitude to its teachings – but it remains engaged with society. Certain parts of the city are Protestant whereas others are Catholic. There are some important differences between Catholicism and Protestantism about the Gospels. We will help you to understand these, with specific references to how they interpret the bible and their different practices. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/default.stm, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/recent/troubles/, http://www.guardian.co.uk/Northern_Ireland/flash/0,6189,344683,00.html, Find out more about Parliament and British politics. In 1922 Ireland was partitioned. The Church headed by the Pope sees itself as the Universal Church, unlike the Protestant denominations. They include areas such as church, organization, theology and practices. Therefore, we end up with a rather confusing situation with a split population from two different cultural and religious backgrounds. The IRA (the Irish Republican Army) is a Catholic paramilitary organization whose goal is to force the British out of Northern Ireland and to be reunited with the Republic of Ireland. Salvation according to groups like the Lutherans is by God’s grace alone, who grants faith to an individual, although Anglicans believe that some works can help a person to become justified in the eyes of God. Most people who live in the countryside do not witness the violence in any other way than TV viewers around the world. Northern Ireland was a Protestant state and the Catholic minority suffered a great deal of discrimination. Ireland was liberated, but divided in two. They do not believe in different gods. Judisch, N. (2009). This party has official MPs who are legally elected for Parliament in London. The Catholics were suppressed through discriminatory laws and regulations, and they started several uprisings which were swiftly crushed by the police and the British Army. This was of done because the majority in the north was Protestant and wanted to keep the bond with Britain. In this article, we discuss the background to the Catholic and Protestant divisions and its history. The widely-accepted Irish-American version is that Jameson is Catholic whiskey and Bushmills is Protestant whiskey. On the other side were the Nationalists, or Republicans – the Catholics. Here we are going to help you to understand the two largest branches of the Christian faith in the world today. They both believe in the concept of sin and original sin and both need to be overcome for salvation. On the other hand the Protestants have represented the oppressive British side consisting of the privileged classes in society with better jobs, brighter opportunities, and better wages. On one side of the equation were the Unionists, also known as Loyalists – the Protestants. According to the teachings of the Church headed by the Pope, believers can be justified by both faith and good works, such as charitable acts. Initially, the wars were motivated by the conflict and rivalry that developed due to a change in the religious balance. The saints play a big part in the spiritual life of many Catholics. It can still be dangerous to be in the neighbourhoods of the other side, but there are also neutral districts in Belfast. They are both very much concerned with the salvation of the individual. They also both believe that marriage is a holy bond, blessed by God. These include Easter and Christmas. There are an estimated 1.2 billion Catholics in the World. The battle between Catholics and Protestants is rooted in history. Now, more than 85 years later, the situation is still unresolved. But that’s merely based on geography: Bushmills is from Northern Ireland (a predominantly Protestant region) and Jameson is from Cork – Catholic country. Those who live a good Christian life get to heaven, while those who have committed mortal sins are sent to hell by God. The Catholics want to be reunited with the rest of Ireland and to leave the union with England, Scotland and Wales. If you want to really understand Christianity, you need to understand its various groups. This immigration proved very effective and by 1703, less than five per cent of the land of Ulster was still in the hands of the Catholic Irish. Its Popularity Is Both New and Old. Protestants and Catholics stress the importance of living a life like Christ. But there are other Catholics who do not accept the Pope’s … Note: To find out more about the history of the conflict and the current situation in Northern Ireland, go to the links given below. Also, it is important to remember that the actual fighting is limited to a small part of Northern Ireland. They believe that every believer can be saved but they must live a good life and have faith. French Calvinists grew very strong and this led to a series of Religious Wars and the infamous St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in Paris. Catholicism and Protestantism are two denominations of Christianity, just like Shia and Sunni are sects of Islam. Some of these areas are physically divided by a wall, absurdly called the Peace Line. There will be special attention to the long history of often bloody conflict between Catholic and Protestants in Ireland. CARM. In the context of Christ… Below are some points that can help you to understand the similarities between Catholics and Protestants. 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