When should you use Latex vs. Oil paint? Back in the day, an alkyd undercoat such as a product approved under MPI #46 was the traditional choice for a bonding primer/tie coat over the alkyd. Oil-based enamels provide for a glassy smooth finishand are as hard as nails, but the biggest advantage to me is that once dry, they prevent bloc… We're painting contractors with over 30 years experience in the industry! If you’re looking for a natural paint for furniture with a slightly thinner texture than chalky … Acrylic vs. Latex Paint Acrylic and latex paints are similar in that they are both water-based coatings and produced from acrylic resins. Some places will not allow you to use alkyd paints any longer because the solvents are VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) that are classified as hazardous. When dry, it has the durability of an oil-based/alkyd. The thinner improves the texture and flow of the paint so that it is easy to apply. Alkyd is used in most of our solvent based paints and doesn't really make it better or worse, one way or the other. Because of alkyd paint’s glossy surface, there is not enough texture for a new layer of paint to hold onto. Oils absorb oxygen and harden, taking longer to dry. However, alkyd paint is unparalleled for a smooth, hard finish and adheres better to shiny surfaces such as metal or tile. The primary difference is the Binder Used. The reason alkyd paint is often called oil-based paint is because it also uses chemical binders and thinners. Latex paint is easier to work with and dries more quickly, but it isn't quite as durable as oil-based paint. Acrylic Vs. Latex Paint. They dry very slow and have a strong odor. It dries much more slowly, has a strong odor and can be harder to apply, compared to water-based paint. The bad side of Latex paints is they can’t block stains like a oil or solvent based product. Alkyd paints differ from latex-based paints in several aspects, including the thinner and binder used in the paint. The Painting Company is renowned for top quality residential painting and commercial painting services in Omaha. While it is perfectly fine to paint alkyd paint over latex, the same cannot be said for latex over alkyd. Alkyd paints will also fade dramatically and quickly in the sun so your bright red door will fade to pink in less than two seasons. Some paints contain more alkyd than others which makes the paint more durable overall, but generally isn't … Just as a lot of research is going into improving latex paints, there is much more research going into hybrid products. A lot of research goes into improving water based products every year. Oil doesn't evaporate in the same way water does. 28: February 1983 – from Resene Paints Architects of New Zealand) The pressure on the market of two distinctly different classes of paint each vying for the same surfaces must of necessity cause some confusion in the mind of the specifier. A latex paint applied directly to a wall finished with oil will not properly adhere. Alkyd paint is more common because it is less expensive and tougher. Both paints have a very similar feel during painting and finish, with the exception that hybrid enamels are easier to clean up. Dry to a flexible finish and have good durability. Painting with alkyd can be tricky, but the results are spectacular if you … There are no teeth involved. Keep in mind that, because of variations in monitors and printers, the CIL Paints shown on your computer may vary slightly from the actual paint colour. In 1941, Sherwin-Williams introduced Super Kem-Tone, the world's first latex house paint. Using Acetone based nail polish remover and a cotton pad, rub the paint a little. We actually use a hybrid and are happy with the all the positive characteristics and the results speak for themselves. Painting latex over oil (or alkyd) can result in peeling and flaking. To obtain an accurate sample, please visit a CIL Colour Centre at a participating retailer near you. This makes alkyds well-suited for interior trim, doors, cabinets and other high-use areas that require smooth durability. Oil paints, in general, dry slower than other types of paints, but they happen to blend better. You want it to be bone dry. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. UV radiation destroys binder in the paint, leaving pigment exposed, and causing major chalking; if not cleaned properly this will cause adhesion trouble of the new coating. The primary difference in their compositions, however, lies in the bases that support these resins. From then on, painting contractors had a choice between oil-based alkyds and waterbased latex coatings. Examples of this are Benjamin Moore Advance which is a water borne Alkyd. They tend to not be as durable as their oil based cousins and the finish is much softer then an oil. Alkyd paints are much more brittle than Latex paints and are much more prone to cracking on an exterior surface (such as wood trim, doors and shutters) that will expand and contract with the outside temperature. You do want a hard film on a floor so … Latex vs Alkyd. See my post here to see my better alternative process to chalk painting furniture using latex paint. The advanced technology of alkyd paint uses an oil-based/alkyd resin that is dispersed in water. As far as the best latex paint for furniture, I prefer Sherwin Williams ProClassic (Acrylic Alkyd) as my first choice and Behr Marquee as a close second. Oil-based and alkyd paints dry differently than latex paints. Alkyd paints differ from latex-based paints in several aspects, including the thinner and binder used in the paint. The same process can be used to apply traditional alkyd enamels and to apply hybrid enamel paints. The purpose of this memo is to lay before you the inherent differences in the two species so that the choice can be made more … The surface must be free of all dust and grime as well as any wax, oil, grease, or mildew. In an acrylic paint, the binder and thinner are chemicals. It applies similar to a latex paint and has low odour and VOCs (volatile organic compounds). However, in some circumstances, an oil or alkyd-based paint may also be used. The solvent for both latex and waterborne alkyd paints is water, but these two paint types cure in very different ways. Because it’s chemical-based, the chemicals in acrylic paint make it more elastic than latex paint. What is the difference between enamel and epoxy paint? Alkyd vs Acrylic (Architects memo no. They don’t smell like solvent or oil based paints do and they dry fast. Oil-based paint is good for trim work because trim takes more abuse over time than do walls. Enamel paint is thicker and more viscous than most interior latex paints. This is one of the significant differences between Alkyd and latex paint. Legal Notices & Privacy Policies | PPG Terms of Use | PPG Architectural Coatings Privacy Policy. They also tend to yellow. Alkyd paint is oil / solvent based paint. Alkyd is oil-based paint and latex is water based. If you plan on using waterborne alkyd paint over latex paint we first suggest that you thoroughly clean the surface you will be working with. … They don’t smell like solvent or oil based paints do and they dry fast. Conventional alkyd paints dry by solvent evaporation and cure by oxidation in approximately five days to a hard, glossy finish that is simply unmatched by latex paints. This is a key factor. As stated by John below , they are both modern resin based paints . Behr Urethane Alkyd which is also water borne. It is rare to find an actual oil (linseed) based paint these days. The word alkyd refers to the synthetic resin used as a binder in the paint. Here are a few suggestions and some strengths and weaknesses for both. When it comes down to it, paint is either oil-based or water-based, meaning that the paint’s main ingredient is either water or a type of oil (usually either alkyd or linseed oil).There are pros and cons to each, but here’s a quick rundown: Product Manager and PPG Paint Specialist: Usually, a quality latex or water-based paint will be sufficient to fulfill your painting needs. Nowadays MPI #69 solvent-based bonding primer, or the more popular low-VOC alternative MPI #17 … … And if it's oil, what do you do? Alkyd vs latex for cabinets ? The good side of Latex paints is that they bond very well. The next step is application of a bonding primer; this is an absolute necessity before applying conventional latex paints over an alkyd finish. Each had its advantages and disadvantages. Acrylic is water based paint. © 2020 PPG Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The good side of Alkyds is that they bond well, dry very hard and block many stains. My spray booth is set up for fast-drying lacquers. Alkyd paint, also called oil-based paint, is not used as much as water-based paint nowadays. Acrylic adheres well to most surfaces, including oil paints and will give you smooth, long-lasting results. My use of oil-based painthas largely been limited to enamels in recent years because no matter how hard I search, I cannot find a latex paint with the same performance as a good old-fashioned oil-based enamel. The use of alkyd is typically less hazard to the environment which these days, is gaining popularity. CIL Woodcare Distinction/Fine Wood Finish, PPG Architectural Coatings Privacy Policy. The technology going into this line of paints is increasing rapidly and the products are changing almost yearly. In the good old days they were oil based paints. Additionally oil based paints will chalk heavily in the … In a latex house paint, the thinner is water, the binder is latex, and the pigment is acrylic. CIL and C-I-L are registered trademarks of the PPG Group of Companies. Oil base paints are also some of the most difficult to get out, in the event of a spill. If the paint comes off, it's latex and your good to go. Alkyd vs Latex for cabinets, which is better? And I wonder if that contributes to people feeling it’s … By using zinc oxide as the white pigment in exterior paints, the zinc helps prevent mildew and fungii growth on the paint. But Alkyd paints is known to have better adhesion on heavily chalked surfaces when compared to latex paints. In alkyd paints, the thinner is usually a chemical solvent such as spirits and alcohol. These are the water borne not water based products. In an Enamel Paint, the Binder is an Alkyd Resin, while in an Epoxy Paints, the resin used in an Epoxy … Water borne products still contain solvents and synthetic resins. Both exterior alkyd and exterior latex paints have UV blockers and mildewcides in them, but exterior alkyd paints are intentionally made to dry to a softer more elastic film, whereas interior alkyd paints are made to dry to a hard film. Latex paints are made of rubber and are flexible and water-soluble. You can learn more than you need or want to know about latex paints and primers at the web site of the Paint Quality Institute. It’s also significantly more toxic than water-based latex paint. Also, I recently came to realize that chalk paint brushes can provide really good coverage. Even in areas where not banned, many people who feel they are sensitive to VOCs will not want to use them either, they can out-gas for years after being applied even though you … If you're using a latex paint over an alkyd primer or vice versa, the improvement in adhesion is entirely because of the larger surface area of the primer than a smoother substrate would have. In addition, try your best not to have any soap or water soluble materials left over from the cleaning. The performance characteristics of latex paints increases yearly. If' it's oil, make sure to chooe a 100% ACRYLIC LATEX paint. These paints combine the good qualities from both Latex and Alkyd products and this boosts their performance ten fold. I would like to use BM Aura in satin finish, mainly because of the faster dry times. This continuous process causes fading and cracking. Alkyd paints have been around for decades. You can prime it with an alkyd primer, which will accept latex after, but it leaves a harsh odour that can linger for days. If there are any … Alkyd paints are based around SLOW drying or NO drying CHEAP vegetable oils like sunflower or soya bean to which metallic driers have been added. A latex paint contains small vinyl acetate or acrylic particles that coalesce to form a semi-permeable film when the water evaporates. Latex is good for general painting projects such as walls and ceilings. Acrylic and latex paints are each actually made from acrylic resins. Today Alkyd paints are usually synthetic resins not oil but they still share many of the qualities of the linseed based products. The Materials You’ll Need to Apply Alkyd … Easy water clean up. Latex paints are water-based, while acrylic paints are chemical-based. The bad side of Alkyds is that they become brittle and crack with time. The good side of Latex paints is that they bond very well. Dry to a flexible finish and have good durability. Latex or water based products have been around for many years. Latex paint passed up Alkyd paints in many benchmarks years ago. What does that mean? Odor and risk difference Oil-based enamel paint is known for its annoyingly strong odor. Latex water-based paint is the clear rival in the market, so let’s compare water-based latex paint vs. enamel or oil-based paint. Alkyds are widely used of the synthetic resins used on a variety of steel surfaces where extra barrier protection was deemed necessary. First, do the nail-polish test to find out what you're dealing with. On this forum, many people seem to prefer Advance for cabinet work. In latex paints, the thinner is water, which evaporates once the paint has been applied onto a surface. When dealing with glossy surfaces that I expect could be an oil paint, I'll always scuff sand and apply an acrylic primer. While acrylic paint will generally last longer than latex paint, latex paint is more frequently used for painting houses, while acrylic paints are used for … Milk Paint. They’re different than acrylics though. The main difference between the two paints is that acrylic paint is chemical-based and latex paint is water-based. Oil-Base vs. Water-Base. They'll be completely dry when the curing process is complete. The correct question may be Alkyd/Latex/or a hybrid coating for cabinets. Latex paint passed up Alkyd paints in many benchmarks years ago. The thinner improves the texture and flow of the paint so that it is easy to apply. The long dry times have caused too many headaches in the past. In order to paint with latex paint on a surface treated with oil paint, you'll first have to de-gloss and … They are a durable finish for any project. The acrylic paint will contract and expand better than latex paint. Also known as Alkyd paints, oil based paints can actually be toxic, and has strong fumes (if not properly ventilated). Paint is named for its binder, so latex paint is the common name for water base, while alkyd paint is the other name for oil base. Though there are fewer options, there are still times when I prefer a good oil-based paint. This gives oil paints an advantage if you’re painting a large area, or if painting multiple colors onto a wall. So how do you know? When they first came out they weren’t so great. The binder is a crucial … Would I be making a mistake by choosing a latex paint over a waterborne alkyd paint? While latex paint is more user-friendly and easier to apply, acrylic coatings are more durable and resistant to flaking, chalking and peeling. Alkyd paints draw oxygen from the air to polymerize, or to dry. When comparing the durability between alkyd and latex paints, both have excellent adhesion properties. © 2016 The Painting Company, All rights reserved. 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