Quercus rubra, the northern red oak, is an oak tree in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae).It is a native of North America, in the eastern and central United States and southeast and south-central Canada. White oak acorns can often develop fully in just one season, whereas red oak acorns need about two seasons to fully mature. Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree. Exposure: sun The leaves of both oaks are deciduous, turning from green to shades of brown-red in autumn. My Shumards seem to get leaf blister pretty bad, while the Swamp Chestnuts are unaffected. Give your family the gift of a long-standing, durable tree. https://www.bartlett.com/locations/Houston-TX.cfm Houston Master Arborist Gene Basler looks at a couple of popular varieties of red oak in Houston. Both Shumard and northern red oak grow to become large trees, with Shumard oak slightly smaller on average. This species can be utilized as a street tree, but may be difficult to find in nurseries. Scarlet oak, eastern black oak, pin oak, shumard oak, southern red oak and other species are often added to the red oak pile. Learn about their different features before deciding upon one for your property. It is closely related to Quercus buckleyi (Texas red oak), Quercus texana (Nuttall's red oak), and Quercus gravesii (Chisos red oak). Shumard oak has a grayish bark, smooth on the young trees but gradually developing slight furrows and ridges as the tree gets older. Typically has no central stem although I have seen some true shumard red oaks with central stems. Odor: Has a tell-tale smell that is common to most oaks. It is fast-growing, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches. Shumard Red Oak is native to the eastern third of Texas, except in the far south. Their size requires an open landscape for the tree to have room to grow. How to Plant a Shumard Red Oak. Fall color can range from yellowish-browns through yellows and reds to deep maroons. Red oak is included in a group of oaks (northern and southern red oaks) categorized by that same name. The reason I suggested Swamp Chestnut Oak is because it is a "white oak" and it seems more resistant to leaf blister and canker compared to red oaks here on the gulf coast. Leaves, Stems and Fruit Leaves are simple, alternate, 4 to 8 inches long, and 3 to 6 inches wide. Reply. If you plant a Shumard red oak (Quercus shumardii Buckley) in your back yard, your great-grandchildren may enjoy it as much as you do: the tree can live 480 years. Tree Size: 80-115 ft (25-35 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft3 (730 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .56, .73, *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity, Modulus of Rupture: 17,830 lbf/in2 (123.0 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,154,000 lbf/in2 (14.86 GPa). While both have leaves with multiple, pointy lobes, Shumard oak has deep sinuses extending nearly to the center of the leaf, while red oak leaves have shallow lobes. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, oak has been reported as a sensitizer. Even many vinyl/imitation wood surfaces are printed to look like Red Oak. The northern red oak is one of the most important oaks for timber production where high-grade red oak is of significant value as lumber … Shumard oak withstands the climate into USDA zone 9; northern red oak only to zone 8. Distribution: Southeastern United States. Shumard's oak is native to southern Illinois, but is hardy in the northern part of the state as well. In addition, the northern red oaks … Small trees have a rather narrow pyramidal crown which becomes broad, open and wide-spreading with age. ... Red Oak is a ubiquitous sight in many homes. Shumard Red Oak information (Quercus shumardii). The foliage on the tree can have from seven to 11 lobes. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Shumard oaks are usually selected for planting in acid soils while Texas red oaks are better suited to alkaline soils. Trunk diameters of 12 to 30 inches are common. Honestly I think Shumard oak … Members of the red oak sub-family are the most susceptible to oak wilt. A Strong, Classic Tree Suitable for Every Yard Why Shumard Oak Trees? Acorn Differences. It features traditional oak-shaped leaves that are dark green throughout most of the year. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. The Texas red oak (Q. texana), about 10 m tall, is sometimes considered a shorter variety of the Shumard oak. The large, stately Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) tree's primary landscape use is for shade. Endgrain: Ring-porous; 2-4 rows of large, exclusively solitary earlywood pores, numerous small latewood pores in radial arrangement; tyloses absent; growth rings distinct; rays large and visible without lens; apotracheal parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates (short lines between rays). Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a light to medium brown, commonly with a reddish cast. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. Most Oak trees are slow to moderate growing the Shumard Red Oak is one of the faster-growing oak trees. Other red oak family members include pin oak, Shumard oak, black oak, scarlet oak, and southern/northern red oak.. Both the Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) and the northern red oak (Quercus rubra) serve as street, shade and lawn trees in landscapes large enough to accommodate their size. IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION: Red oak is a graceful, majestic, tall-growing and wide-spreading shade tree with beautiful fall color and lovely deeply cut leaves. University of Connecticut Plant Database: Quercus Rubra, University of Connecticut Plant Database: Quercus Shumardii, Missouri Botanical Garden: Quercus Shumardii. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable, with poor insect resistance. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Even many vinyl/imitation wood surfaces are printed to look like Red Oak. Conversely, White Oak tends to be slightly more olive-colored, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the type of oak. The pores are so large and open that it is said that a person can blow into one end of the wood, and air will come out the other end: provided that the grain runs straight enough. Quercus shumardii, the Shumard oak, spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, or swamp red oak, is one of the largest of the oak species in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae). Many gardeners appreciate Shumard oak for its interesting foliage. Both are long-lived, high quality deciduous oaks that grow faster than live oaks. Has moderately high shrinkage values, resulting in mediocre dimensional stability, especially in flatsawn boards. Shumard oak tolerates conditions to zone 5. All oaks belong to three sub-families: red, white and live or willow. Acorn size ranges from 3/4 of an inch to over 1 inch and fall leaf color varies from red to brown. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. Hard, strong, and moderately priced, Red Oak presents an exceptional value to woodworkers—which explains why it is so widely used in cabinet and furniture making. White oak acorns mature quicker than the fruits of red oaks. (See the video below.). Sawtooth oaks drop first beginning as early as September in most areas, and can continue into early or mid-October.… The cap is not quite as large on the Shumard oak, covering about 1/4 of the acorn. It is closely related to northern pin oak, Q. ellipsoidalis. When planting on the south shore, avoid planting the Shumard oak in low damp areas. Shumard oak leaves have a leathery texture while northern red oak leaves are shinier. Red Oak is easy to steam bend, glues well and takes a … FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. cherrybark oak: moist slopes and bottomlands: Quercus palustris pin oak: wetlands: Quercus phellos willow oak: streambanks and poorly drained soils: Quercus rubra northern red oak: wide variety of habitats: Quercus shumardii Shumard's oak: streambanks and bottoms: Quercus stellata post oak: very … M B Edwards. Anlace/Wikimedia Commons. Shumard Oak, Quercus shumardii Leaf w 5-9 lobes, deep sinuses more than halfway to midvein, base truncate, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America. Close examination of the acorns of northern red oak and Shumard oak is necessary to discover the differences between the two. Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. Red oak heartwood often has a slightly pinky appearance. Then in fall and winter, the 4- to 8-inch leaves turn a brilliant red or red-orange before falling to the ground. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest southern red oaks. Northern red oak is cold hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 4. The Shumard Oak tree is a familiar tree in the American landscape. Younger Red Oaks have a smooth light gray bark which turns dark gray to black with ridges and furrows as they mature. Fagaceae (black oak group) Shumard Red Oak is an upright tree which can attain a height of 120 feet. Leaves are alternate, simple, 6–8 inches long; with 5–9 lobes with 2–6 bristle-tipped teeth, lobes wider at their tip than at their base, notches between lobes rounded, over halfway to central vein. These two oak trees should be used more often in North Texas yards Lacey oaks and Mexican white oaks can be less overpowering and … A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Fagaceae -- Beech family. Nearly white to light brown sapwood is not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. Turns a brilliant red-orange during the fall seasons it will drop its leaves once the winter season arrives. Both of these oaks have upright, oval growth habits, about 50 … The sapwood can range from almost white to slightly brown but it rarely pink. It grows from the north end of the Great Lakes, east to Nova Scotia, south as far as Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana, and west to Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and Minnesota. Red oak acorns and white oak acorns differ in size because of the maturation rate. Texas oak (Quercus buckleyi) is a closely-related Central Texas counterpart to Shumard oak, but typically has smaller leaves and acorns; southern red oak (Q. falcata) has more variable leaves with pubescent undersides and small acorns; black oak (Q. velutina) has larger leaves with more regular lobing and a fringed acorn cup. Whereas northern red oak is very “picky” as to where it grows, Shumard oak is much more tolerant of marginal sites and should be used if it is uncertain if northern red oak will tolerate the site or not. More About this Tree Shumard Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Shumard Oak, Spotted Oak Quercus shumardii . Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Responds well to steam-bending. Northern Red x Shumard hybrid oak trees are quick-growing red oaks that, unlike pure Northern Red or Shumard oaks, begin to produce acorns at a young age. As hybrids, the characteristics of individual trees vary. Northern red oak acorns are brown, but the University of Connecticut Plant Database notes those on a Shumard oak have black and brown striations on them. Shumard oak is a medium to large-sized tree with a tall, straight trunk, stout branches and a large, open crown. Red Oaks do not have the level of decay and rot resistance that White Oaks possess. Its leaf resembles that of Shumard red oak, Q. shumardii, but is more deeply lobed; the acorns also have a deeper cup. It is found on rich bottomland soils, moist woods and along streams in the eastern third of Texas. Seed source of trees may determine success. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation, as well as asthma-like symptoms. The Shumard Oak is one of the most resilient trees you can plant in your yard. A Shumard oak leaf normally has seven lobes, but can have as few as five or as many as nine. Is this the Shumard Oak or the Texas Red Oak? Both species do best in full sun and in acidic soil. Shumard Oak. Scientific Name: Quercus shumardii. Subtle differences exist between the leaves of a northern red oak and the Shumard oak. Acorns from trees in the red oak family generally have higher tannic acid content than white oaks, making them more bitter. The color of the bark helps define both species. Comments: Arguably the most popular hardwood in the United States, Red Oak is a ubiquitous sight in many homes. Shumard oaks and Texas red oaks are drought and pest tolerant red oak species with similar leaves. Members of the white oak sub-family are the most resistant to oak wilt. Shumard Red Oak has a propensity to cross-pollinate with other trees in the Black Oak Group such as Texas Red Oak, Quercus texana buckleyi, which is native to north and central Texas. These include Texas red oak, blackjack oak, Shumard oak and water oak. Tim says: April 7, 2011 at 3:00 pm I believe the tree that the author is referring to is the Northern Red oak, which is a great tree. The Shumard oak is a tall (up to 23 m) bottomland tree with an open crown, long, clear trunk, and seven- to nine-lobed leaves. Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). Common Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, and veneer. Oak, Shumard Common Name: Shumard Oak Quercus shumardii Tree Size: Large Leaf Type: Deciduous Comments: Widely available; prefers well-drained soils. Northern red oak acorns have a flat, saucer-shaped cap attaching the acorn to the twig. Common Names: Shumard Red Oak, Shumard Oak, Swamp Red Oak and Spotted Oak These trees have some differences, starting with their ranges; northern red oak's distribution extends throughout much of the eastern third of the United States and north into Canada, while Shumard oak's range covers parts of the Midwest and most of the southeast United States to the Gulf Coast. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Most find it appealing. Pricing/Availability: Abundant availability in a good range of widths and thicknesses, both as flatsawn and quartersawn lumber. Any big difference between the two? Native to the American Southeast and Midwest, Nuttall oak (Quercus nutallii) is quickly replacing some other oaks, such as pin oak (Q. palustris), red oak (Q. rubra), and Shumard red oak (Q. shumardii), because it combines all of their good points while lacking their weaknesses.It quickly grows into a pyramidal tree 40 to 60 feet tall with a strong central leader. The bark of the northern red oak is a darker gray to almost black color, with the oldest individuals possessing deep fissures and ridges. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Arts & Entertainment. Usually slightly less expensive than White Oak, prices are moderate for a domestic hardwood, though thicker planks or quartersawn boards are slightly more expensive. The leaves are glossy dark green with a lighter green underside and in the fall the leaves turn a brilliant red to red-orange color. Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) Common Name(s): Shumard Oak. Can react with iron (particularly when wet) and cause staining and discoloration. It will live with your family for generations and stay strong in every imaginable condition. Northern red oak requires a site featuring good drainage in which to grow, but Shumard oak tolerates damp conditions, notes the Missouri Botanical Garden. Subtle differences exist between the leaves of a northern red oak and the Shumard oak. Both trees in the wild sometimes top 100 feet, but as cultivated trees are in the 60- to 90-foot range, according to the "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees: Eastern Region." In addition, the northern red oaks have more lobes on their leaves. Well known examples include northern and southern red, water, willow, laurel, cherrybark (seen in the photo above), pin, shumard, scarlet, bear, shingle, bluejack, turkey, blackjack and nuttall oak. These include bur, post, Chinquapin, Lacey, shin and Monterrey. This cap covers about 1/3 of the entire egg-shaped acorn. 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