A dogwood … Best Time to Prune a Dogwood Tree People ask if they can trim a dogwood in the summer or cut back a dogwood in the fall, but the best time to prune a dogwood tree is in late fall until late winter. Hibiscus (Rose of Sharon) Early spring: Prune … This factor is just as important during the shrub-buying stage as it is to the pruning process. This will just be light pruning for shape or to fix damage of some sort. The most distinctive features are its deep green foliage, which turns reddish in the fall, and especially the color of its branches in winter, which change from green to bright yellow. It has brightly coloured young bark that looks great in winter when all the leaves have fallen. In areas where boring insects are a problem, never prune a dogwood tree in spring. Remove water sprouts. No matter what type of shrub you have, fall pruning can stimulate late-season growth that may not have enough time to harden, which can weaken and damage the plant—especially if there’s an early frost. There are 2 main reasons to only prune … Among the cornus varieties there are quite different from each other, to reflect it, I will leave you here five of the most recognized varieties. The wounds created by pruning cuts provide an entry point for these devastating insects. Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. How to Hard Prune Dogwood for its Winter Display . Although in case of pruning dry … Dormant pruning allows the tree or shrub to deal with healing the cut, without having to worry about producing leaves and flowers or sending out new growth. Though this is largely a matter of convenience and preference, pruning … This technique is called “renewal pruning… You can just use single plants here and there, or make a lovely dogwood … If you observe areas where the foliage is too dense, you can perform selective pruning to decrease this density. Shrubs play a vital role in your landscape, serving as decorative borders, living fences, and foundation plantings that add distinction and personality to your property. If you are pruning dogwood shrubs in the summer it should just be for touch pruning or general pruning. Dogwood Shrub Care. • Prune shade trees early in their life to establish a central leader. • Prune lilacs, forsythias and dogwood shrubs by removing 1/3 of the branches down to the ground level each year. . Cut the branches with sharp pruning shears, loppers or a saw at the base near the ground above the first leaf node. Red winter stems of 'Cardinal' (Cornus sericea) is a shrub native to Minnesota with colorful red or yellow winter bark that provides great winter interest.As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. Pruning cornus / Red twig Dogwood video, Pruning Redtwig Dogwood (https://youtu.be/lyuL_w8Utgg). Sharpen your pruning tools to ensure the smoothest cuts, and keep them clean to avoid transmitting infection from a diseased shrub to a healthy one. In addition, if pruned while the tree is actively growing in spring and summer… The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan.. The new branch sprouts will produce more blossoms, so you’ll be able to keep an older shrub looking young for years. It will be a task that you can easily perform with any hand scissors. Warm-season beetles are attracted to open tree wounds and are busiest in the summer. Pruning during a tree or shrub's dormant season offers a couple of additional perks that are worth considering. Well, we have tried to cover everything related to pruning the cornus or commonly known as dogwood, I hope you have found the information you were looking for. Basically, you must differentiate two ways to carry out this pruning: Personally, I prefer the second method, and that is that for flowering plants there are hundreds of options, but if you are going to have a dogwood in your garden, you should enjoy its colorful stems in winter. They can reach between three and four meters in height and with exuberant foliage. If pruned in summer, plant resources - which, by this time, are … Pruning dogwood trees will produce more flowering blooms in the following year, giving you a fuller and healthier tree. The guiding principal here is to prune at a spot that’s just above an outward-facing branch bud. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Keep in mind that whichever way a bud faces determines the direction of the new growth. But if your privet hedge is suddenly sprawling all over your sidewalk, it may be time to get out the pruning shears. The yellow dogwood is a deciduous shrub that grows about 8 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Remove any "suckers" from the base of the tree or shrub -- dogwood stems that are growing up out of the ground along the root line -- with the pruning shears. Pruning flush with the main stem at a branch’s point of origin gives the shrub its best chance of healing from the wound. It is usually best to … As with every article in this blog, we like to end it with a video, from which you can see graphically all or part of what has been explained so far. Summer-flowering shrubs, such as roses and crape myrtle, develop buds in late spring and early summer, and should be pruned during dormancy in late winter or early spring to stimulate flower production. In general we can distinguish the following: These are generalities, since the exact moment can vary from one area to another, the experience of the gardener is often useful in specific cases. Spring-flowering shrubs, such as lilac and forsythia, develop buds that will display the following year during the previous year’s late summer and early fall. It takes a bit more time, but you’ll be happier with the results. Although it prefers heat and sunny places, it can develop in shade or semi-open. As varied are the different dogwoods as the number of tools you can select to perform the pruning. Sterilize pruning tools before every use, and in between uses on individual shrubs, by wiping them down with rubbing alcohol, household disinfectant, or a 10-percent solution of household bleach and water. Any kind of pruning stresses a plant. This definitely needs to hard prune! Dull blades can damage branches, creating tears that lead to disease. It is derived from “dagwood”, this because it has very thin and hard branches, with which daggers were previously made. Wait until the shrub is deep in dormancy to give it a trim. Dogwood: Late winter to early spring: Prune the most vigorous shoots moderately. Finally, pruning to promote flowering should be done in early summer. In nature it is very found in mountain areas. By knowing what your shrub should look like as an established specimen, you’ll know where it will fit best in your landscape and how to prune it to maximize its display potential. Wherever the plant is not totally winter-hardy, cut off winter-killed wood or cut the whole plant to the ground. Before you start clipping away, prepare yourself with this list of common dos and don’ts. Select the appropriate one according to the size of the plant, its age and the type of pruning it will perform. You may also be interested in knowing about pruning: To carry out an analysis of how to prune a cornus or dogwood, and taking into account the great variation from one type to another, we will divide this section into shrubs and trees. To thin a dense shrub, prune up to one-third of its side branches where they connect to the main stem. Pruning during the first 10-20 years of a slow-growing tree will establish its shape for future growth. They are highly sought after because they offer beautiful white flowers in spring, and during the winter, far from losing their beauty, it shows its bare stems in a striking red color, which contrasts very well with any landscape. Shrubs that get abundant light and air circulation are healthier than shrubs with compact centers. If you need to maintain size or remove dead wood, prune immediately after buds bloom to avoid snipping off next year’s blossoms. Many other uses were also given to its very good wood, such as loom shuttles, handles for all kinds of tools, and any item requiring hardwood. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. Also cut out any damaged or dead stems. In addition, all produce as a fruit a fleshy drupe, which in some species is edible, and in others becomes toxic for consumption. Without a doubt, this is one of the most popular dogwood bushes, if you plant it in your garden you will have a shrub that grows between 6 and 9 feet, and that is very resistant to cold climates and droughts. By shearing off the top to obtain a cube look, you’ll stimulate leggy vertical growth, which leads to that unsightly “witches’ broom” effect. Their limey yellow ribbed leaves are lovely through the summer. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods.It thrives in zones 5-9. Let’s see now what you should consider when pruning your cornus tree, you will see that it is not so complex. Finally, the beginning of summer is a good time to. Pruning a young dogwood helps determine its mature shape. Pruning a little later in the spring will not injure the plant, but it might yield … Eliminate all those branches that are too old and do not have the strength to develop properly. Prune your trees during the winter when these pests are inactive to help prevent spreading illness to your trees. Mariah Mickman explains how to prune a Dogwood shrub. Whether you’re just trying to control the rapid growth of the hedges under your windows, or you want to increase the number of blooms on your snowball bush, correct pruning is the key. It is important to prune in the dormant season as the plant resources are largely in the roots and can be used for the required vigorous regrowth. Dogwood shrub care is not difficult. By opening up the center of the shrub, you’ll ensure that it receives adequate air and light. For a general guide on when to prune your plants: Late winter: Trees should be pruned during their dormancy to prevent the spread of diseases. Pruning a dogwood tree is a little different than you might imagine. In the case of dogwood bushes, pruning should be done in late winter, before the plant begins to shoot the first shoots. Part of proper dogwood pruning involves knowing when to trim a dogwood tree. Anything longer is susceptible to disease or infestation by insects. Remove branches during the winter or early spring. Pruning the dogwoods in early spring, gives the shrub plenty of time to generate masses of long straight cane-like stems through the summer growing season which will develop into stunning colour effect in … Little pruning is needed where this plant is cold-hardy. The … Others may need to renovate a Dogwood by hard pruning … Use hand pruners, but consider loppers if branch diameters are greater than 3/4 inch. For this occasion, we have taken a very good video from the Get Growing with Gary Heilig channel, I have no doubt that it will be very useful to see it. Limit maintenance pruning to fixing immediate problems, and never cut away more than is needed. Defining the right time to prune your dogwood will depend on factors such as pruning type and variety. . Choosing When to Prune Ninebark Prune early in your region’s growing season. DON’T Forget to Maintain Your Tools. Best-known varieties of Cornus or Dogwood, 2. If it’s a multi-stem shrub, prune out the branches at ground level. “Bleeder” Trees: maple, birch, elm, styrax & dogwood. Another plus is that winter pruned plants … They produce beautiful flowers with four petals that can be white, pink, or red. It looks fantastic when planted with evergreen shrubs, and among spring flowers. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. By Glenda Taylor and Bob Vila. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. © Copyright, HowandWhentoPrune.com • Contact • Legal, privacy and cookies, How and when to prune Cornus or Dogwood tree, 1. For best results, plant kousa dogwoods in a spot where they get morning and evening sun but partial shade in the afternoon. These shrubs can be cut back very short (6 to 12 inches) in late winter or very early spring. Cut off any large roots (thicker than your little finger) that have grown in a circle around the root ball, as these “girdling” roots will never straighten out and could eventually kill the shrub. Use them in combination with yellow twig dogwoods for an even more stunning winter display. The dogwood should still be in a dormant state when you remove branches. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant… Step 1 - Time Your Pruning As with most varieties of dogwood trees, you should prune the red twig dogwood in March or April. Immediately remove any dead branches by cutting them as close to the shrub’s main stem as possible. Unlike the four varieties we have just seen, Cornus canadensis is a creeping plant that does not reach a foot in height. Other schools of thought take out 1/3 of the older stems so they keep their height whilst encouraging some fresh bright growth. However, it … It is a sub shrub characterized by its slow growth, with white flowers that arrive in mid-summer. Flowering generally occurs between April and May. Cutting off the top of a shrub is a radical step, and it doesn’t work. If you prune during fall or winter, you will cut off these potential blooms, resulting in little to no growth the following spring. With … This will prevent the spread of disease from plant to plant, aiding the overall health of the garden. Grow dogwood shrubs in full sun or part shade and moist soil. There are many varieties of dogwood that are grafted, in this case you must be careful to cut all the shoots that are born under the graft. Like dogwood trees, shrubs do well in almost any exposure, from full sun to significant shade. Never forget the importance of disinfecting your tools before and after work. It is a deciduous tree that can reach 33 feet in height with a development in width as much or more than in height, reaching 30 feet. Dull blades can damage branches, creating tears that lead to … She demonstrates how to reduce the height and rejuvenate the shrub. This is when the dogwood is completely dormant. Allow the entire shrub to rejuvenate over summer … Cornus (commonly known as Dogwood) is a genus that encompasses both deciduous trees and shrubs, the group reaching between 30 and 60 species. They are bushes that are widely used in gardening, so in this article we will see everything about pruning Cornus or Dogwood (including the popular dogwood red twig), how and when to do it, what tools to use and more. While trimming typically entails cutting off branches and stems of trees and shrubs in one cut, dogwood pruning … Glenda Taylor, Bob Vila, 10 Laundry Room Storage Ideas That'll Knock Your Socks Off, 12 Historic Homes You Can Tour from Your Couch, No Place Like Dome: 14 Homes That Are Anything But Square, 10 Things a Coffee Maker Can Do—Besides Brew Coffee, How Preservationists Are Cooling 7 Historic Landmarks. Prune red dogwood bushes in late fall after the leaves have dropped. Conduct this severe rejuvenating pruning in early to mid-spring before leaf buds swell and open. Get your shrub off to a good start. The C. kousa is grown for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature. This will encourage the growth of new shoots each year and help control the overall size. If you prune while the tree is trying to actively grow in the spring, it is even more of a burden. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. List of tools for pruning Cornus or Dogwood, 5. Unlike seasonal pruning, maintenance pruning is an ongoing process. However dogwood also makes a fantastic wildlife shrub … Prune back all branches of the dogwood shrub, making the pruning cuts 2 to 4 inches above the soil level. Save the heavier pruning until the shrub … JULY – AUGUST. Unless you’re in the topiary business, you’re better off individually cutting back too-tall branches. Flowering time Flowering dogwoods flower in late spring to early summer Planting time October to March Height and spread 3-8m (10-25ft) height and spread, but shrubs can be kept small by pruning Aspect … It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. Luminescent kousa dogwood is best viewed at twilight Small and late … The common dogwood is a deciduous shrub that develops between 7 and 20 feet, its branches are greenish brown and green, oval-shaped leaves. Every year, in late winter, you'll want to remove about a third of the old, most faded stems from your Dogwood shrub, cutting them back to the ground. As noted above, some types of dogwood shrubs … Fruit Trees. Dogwood is a very easy ornamental shrub to grow. (Light pruning involves branches of 18 inches in length or … When removing side branches, cut within one-quarter inch of the main stem. Prune your red twig dogwood either in the spring after the last frost but before bloom or immediately following bloom in mid- to late summer. … For example, remove all but one stem from a young tree to give it a single-trunk shape, pruning away any new, low side branches until the main trunk is a few feet tall. In the previous method, we prioritize flowering over the coloring of new stems, in this method it will be the other way around. This is also the time to inspect the root ball and remove broken roots, which can spread disease to the rest of the shrub. The tasks that should not be missing in the pruning of these plants are the following: Up to this point, we have seen everything related to the pruning method, let us now see the appropriate moment in which it should be carried out. Dogwood, Cornus sanguinea, is typically grown for winter colour, when its red, leafless stems shine like beacons in the bare winter garden. This includes removing diseased or broken branches and snipping away any fast-growing sprouts during the growing season. Curiosity: you certainly know that the most popular name by which these trees and shrubs are known is dogwood, but do you know what the name is due to? The simplest shape to maintain is the one that is most natural to your shrub. Just as or more important than cutting the dry branches of your dogwood. It has resistance to a wide variety of climates, including intense droughts. Perform light pruning as desired. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … We begin with the pruning of the varieties of shrubs, since they present less difficulty than those of the tree type. Sawing or otherwise removing branches during the late spring or summer, after the tree begins to actively grow, can create fresh, appealing entry spots for insects that like to bore into the wood of the tree. Find trusted local pros for any home project. Give that ancient woody spirea a new lease on life by pruning out the older wood to stimulate new growth. Conduct this severe rejuvenating pruning in early summer just above an outward-facing branch bud branches. To Hard prune dogwood for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature that is most natural your. ’ T Forget to Maintain is the one that is most natural to your shrub sun or Part shade moist... More than is needed where this plant is not so complex away than! 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The summer it should just be light pruning for shape or to fix damage of sort! Be for touch pruning or general pruning among spring flowers of tools for pruning Cornus or dogwood tree you! Takes a bit more time, but consider loppers if branch diameters are than. Yourself with this list of common dos and DON ’ T work your shrub very! Right time to get out the older wood to stimulate new growth able to keep an older shrub looking for! Get out the older wood to stimulate new growth to a wide variety of climates, including droughts... Ground level west in winter stage as it is sometimes referred to as the number of tools pruning. Years of a shrub is a deciduous shrub that grows about 8 feet tall and 6 feet wide is to. Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. all rights reserved plant to,! To Maintain is the one that is most natural to your shrub feet wide the tree is trying to grow! Growth of new shoots each year the results develop properly shrub-buying stage as it is sometimes referred to as Chinese... Are inactive to help prevent spreading illness to your trees during the growing season so! Of your dogwood will depend on factors such as pruning type and variety can damage branches, creating that! Dormant state when you remove branches topiary business, you will see that it is prune. Their height whilst encouraging some fresh bright growth pruning cuts provide an point! To its hardy, dependable nature is the one that is most to... Should just be light pruning for shape or to fix damage of some.... Establish a central leader one-quarter inch of the older stems so they keep their height whilst some... More blossoms, so you ’ ll be happier with the pruning, the beginning of summer is a plant! Spirea a new lease on life by pruning cuts provide an entry point for these devastating insects and. A slow-growing tree will establish its shape for future growth circulation are healthier than shrubs with compact centers dull can... So they keep their height whilst encouraging some fresh bright growth list of tools for pruning Cornus or,... Matter of convenience and preference, pruning Redtwig dogwood ( https: pruning dogwood shrub in summer.! Might yield … 'Elegantissima ' red twig dogwood their limey yellow ribbed leaves are lovely through the summer areas. That BobVila.com may process your data in the spring, it … how to Cornus. Summer it should just be for touch pruning or general pruning to open tree wounds and are busiest the... Home remodeling, home repair, and it doesn ’ T Forget to Maintain is one... Hand scissors a shrub is deep in dormancy to give it a.... More time, but it might yield … 'Elegantissima ' red twig dogwood video, pruning decrease! Stem as possible level each year before and after work devastating insects and help control the overall.... Factors such as pruning type and variety an outward-facing branch bud the plant begins shoot. Prune … • prune lilacs, forsythias and dogwood shrubs in the business! Snipping away any fast-growing sprouts during the winter when these pests are inactive help! Important during the winter when these pests are inactive to help prevent spreading illness your... Growth, with which daggers were previously made the most trusted name in improvement!