4. Recent. O¯ ba S. Centennial of the discovery of radium Marie Curie and Pierre Curie. Henri Becquerel was elected as Vice chairman of the Académie des Sciences in 1906 and its Chairman in 1908. Shimizu S. Henri Becquerel, Antoine-Henri Becquerel (1852– 1908) discovery of radioactivity (1896) centenary year, Japan Radioisotope Association. Biography Early life. His grandfather had made important contributions in the field of electrochemistry while his father had investigated the phenomena of fluorescence and phosphorescence. Henri Becquerel is on Facebook. Discovery of radioactivity. The discovery of natural radioactivity by the French researcher Henri Becquerel ushered in a new era in science and technology. Antoine Henri Becquerel was born in Paris on December 15, 1852, a member of a distinguished family of scholars and scientists. He died only five years later, at the age of 55. Becquerel was born in Paris, France on December 15, 1852. Henri Becquerel was born into a family of scientists. Becquerel, along with Marie and Pierre Curie, won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of radioactivity. Quite the same Wikipedia. Following up on Becquerel's discovery, Pierre and Marie Curie began experimenting with uranium and the concept of radioactivity. Becquerel was surprised, since there was no obvious source of energy involved. Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer ofradioactivity along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, for which all three won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. The Discovery of Radioactivity (Henri Becquerel) The discovery of a form of radiation that could pass through solid matter fired the imagination of a generation of scientists who rushed to study this phenomenon. 6 See Ref. Nichi-Doku Iho. [4] Sakae Shimizu, 7. 1996;1–12. Henri Becquerel also studied the polarization and absorption of light in crystals. He was the son of a professor of applied physics, Alexander Becquerel. His discovery was purely accidental, as most discoveries are, while attempting an experiment that utilized the sun, uranium, and photographic plates. His father, Alexander Edmond Becquerel, was a professor of applied physics at École Polytechnique in Paris and had researched solar radiation and phosphorescence. Henri Becquerel. Antoine Henri Becquerel was born to Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel and Aurelie Quenard in Paris, France, on 15 December, 1852. Becquerel was hoping to demonstrate a link between minerals that glow when exposed to strong light and a new type of electromagnetic radiation called X-rays. French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity, and radioactivity. In 1903, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with his wife, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, and Henri Becquerel, "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel". Henri Becquerel and the Serendipitous Discovery of Radioactivity Antoine Henri Becquerel (born December 15, 1852 in Paris, France), known as Henri Becquerel, was a French physicist who discovered radioactivity, a process in which an atomic nucleus emits particles because it is unstable. In 1901 Becquerel made the discovery that radioactivity could be used for medicine. Both his grandfather and his father were successively professors of physics at the Musée d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. February 26, 1896, was an overcast day in Paris — and that presented a problem for French physicist Antoine Henri Becquerel. He inherited a tradition of research from his grandfather, Antoine Cesar Becquerel, who developed the field of electrolysis, and his father, A.E. 5. His father was a scientist and employed as a professor of Applied Physics. Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) was a French physicist and winner of the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. Languages. Antoine Henri Becquerel (December 15, 1852 - August 25, 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and one of the discoverers of radioactivity. Henri Becquerel. Finally, his experiments with uranium and the radiation involved would cause death. Henri Becquerel was the third in the line of a family of scientists which extended over more than a … Added in 24 Hours. He is also known for his work in luminescence and phosphorescence. He is credited with the discovery of the photovoltaic effect, the operating principle of the solar cell, in 1839. Henri Becquerel was well positioned to make the exciting discovery, which came just a few months after the discovery of x-rays. Becquerel was born in Paris in1852 into a line of distinguished physicists. Improved in 24 Hours. Radioactivity demonstrated that the atom was neither indivisible nor immutable. The full impact of Becquerel's discovery was not appreciated, however, until the work of Marie and Pierre Curie, with whom he shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics. Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) Contributions: Received the Noble Prize in physics for being the first to discover radioactivity as a phenomenon separate from that of x-rays and document the differences between the two. Becquerel, who invented a new method for spectroscopic analysis. He belonged to a family of distinguished scholars and scientists. He was born in Paris on December 15, 1852, and died on August 25, 1908. This discovery led to the development of radiotherapy which is now used to treat cancer. On 26-27 February 1896, Henri Becquerel took the uranium and photographic plates wrapped in black paper to initiate his experiment by placing them in the path of sun light, but to his misfortune it was overcast both days. This paper recalls the history of the Becquerel family, the fascinating time of the discovery of radioactivity as well as some important related research published before the radium age. Join Facebook to connect with Henri Becquerel and others you may know. Live Statistics. He was the son of Antoine César Becquerel and the father of Henri Becquerel, one of the discoverers of radioactivity. He assumed the image was caused by a spontaneous emission from the uranium, but he had in fact discovered radioactivity. Becquerel was the first scientist to open the world up to the new scientific evolution. On August 25, 1908, he died of cardiac arrest at the early age of 55 in Bretagne, in western France. Antoine Henri Becquerel. Henri's son Jean Becquerel also became a physicist, and four generations of Becquerels were educated at the École Polytechnique and became professors of physics at the French Museum of Natural History. English Articles. Discovery of Radioactivity: Becquerel Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908; view photo at Access Excellence, at the National Health Museum) was the third of four Becquerels to hold a chair of physics at the Paris Museum of Natural History and to belong to the Academy of Sciences, following his grandfather Antoine César, his father Alexandre Edmond, and preceding his son Jean. 1998;43(4):97–123. Henri's Discovery of radiation eventually led to eventually contributed to the discovery of alpha and beta radiation. Like Thomson’s discovery of the electron, the discovery of radioactivity in uranium by French physicist Henri Becquerel in 1896 forced scientists to radically change their ideas about atomic structure. The Discovery of Radioactivity. Henri Becquerel was a French physicist who investigated uranium and other substances which led to his discovery of radioactivity. Antoine-Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) is known for his discovery of radioactivity, for which he received the Nobel Prize for Physics jointly with Marie Curie (1897-1934) and Pierre Curie (1859-1906) in 1903 and the contributions he made to that field. Henri was doing an experiment which started with the exposure of a uranium-bearing crystal to sunlight. Becquerel was born in Paris into a wealthy family which produced four generations of physicists: Becquerel's grandfather (Antoine César Becquerel), father (Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel), and son (Jean Becquerel).Henri started off his education by attending the Lycée Louis-le-Grand school, a prep school in Paris. Henri Becquerel learned of Roentgen's discovery of x-rays through the fluorescence that some materials produce. 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