He did this by comparing historical writing to the writing of literature, noticing that there are many similarities between them. Write. [3], In 1998, White directed a seminar ("The Theory of the Text") at the School of Criticism and Theory. Excerto: This special issue of the journal Práticas da História – Journal on Theory, Historiography and Uses of the Past was organised upon hearing news of Hayden White’s death – born in 1928, in the U.S.A., White would live there for most of his life and there he died, on March 2018. White taught at several institutions during his career, including Wayne State, the University of Rochester, Wesleyan University, Stanford University, UC Berkeley, and UCLA. 1. Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-century Europe is a work of historiography by Hayden White first published in 1973. The Content of the Form is a collection of essays by White. 12 July 1928–d. The Practical Past. For him, history is not simply a list of chronological events. [12] By showing Marx’s and Nietzsche’s argument, White once again emphasizes the importance of the philosophies of history, and history as a well-made or well-constructed narrative. Marx regards the problem of history as the problem of the mode of explanation, while, for Nietzsche, the problem is the problem of the mode of emplotment. Maimonides said that since the creation is vast and complex, and God's will is beyond human’s understanding, the goal of the Bible interpretation should be to maximize possible interpretations. (reacts against the tendency of history to seeks its models in the sciences) it cannot be dismissed as mere decoration. Quotes []. Hayden White is a controversial figure in the world of history. '[7] The first was William J. Bossenbrook, who taught White as an undergraduate at Wayne State University. The influence of Maimonides helped White focus on a variety of possible interpretations of history, not limited or prescribed history, which diminishes the possibility of interpretation. Spell. [13] Hayden White cited in Ewa Domanska, “A conversation with Hayden Whit”e, Rethinking History , Vol. Hayden White (July 12, 1928 - March 5, 2018) was an American historian and historiographer. White mentions two figures who have enabled people to ask questions about history's objectivity: Marx and Nietzsche. Start studying The Historical Text as Literary Artifact (Hayden White). Hayden White (born 1928) is professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, having recently retired from the position of Professor of comparative literature at Stanford University. He quickly gained renown as a scholar who viewed history as an art as much as a science, arguing that writing history was a matter of crafting narratives as much as assembling facts. Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. From Hegel to Croce, he reviews and analizes the many different ways history was written in the nineteenth century and it's impact and influence in today's historiography. Hayden White thus strongly rejects concepts like 'historical' or 'scientific objectivity' and integrates the historian himself into the real-world power structures instead of placing him in a neutral position outside of the political framework. He joined the Navy at the end of World War II, and after his service enrolled in Wayne State University on the GI Bill, earning a BA in history in 1951. Study any textbook on the theory and philosophy of history, and you will be assured that his 1973 book Metahistory marked a revolutionary turning point in historical theory. Since the publication of his groundbreaking monograph, Metahistory, in 1973, White?s work has been crucial to disciplines where narrative is of primary concern, including history, literary studies, anthropology, philosophy, art history, and film and media studies. White received his B.A. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. Articles by Hayden White: The Burden of History (1966). [8] He argued that historical writing was influenced by literary writing in many ways, sharing the strong reliance on narrative for meaning. By . Hayden V. White, professor emeritus in the History of Consciousness Department at UC Santa Cruz, died at his Santa Cruz home on March 5, 2018, at age 89. Hayden White is professor emeritus of the histories of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Europe. Hayden White, Traumatic Nationalism, and the Public Role of History1. For the footballer, see, Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe, Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-century Europe, "The Question of Narrative in Contemporary Historical Theory", "The Politics of Historical Interpretation: Discipline and De-Sublimation", "The Value of Narrativity in the Representation of Reality", "Foucault Decoded: Notes from Underground", https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2018/03/09/essay-death-hayden-white, "Essay on the death of Hayden White | Inside Higher Ed", https://histcon.ucsc.edu/faculty/singleton.php?&singleton=true&cruz_id=hayden, "The Work of Hayden White I: Mimesis, Figuration, and the Writing of History", Revisiting History in Hayden White’s Philosophy, "The Work of Hayden White II: Defamiliarizing Narrative. SCARICARE LEGGI ONLINE. Hayden White (b. [11] Thus, history is recorded differently depending on which mode the historian chooses. White was born on July 12, 1928, in the town of Martin, Tennessee. Patrick Finney. White v. Davis, 13 Cal.3d 757, 533 P.2d 222, 120 Cal. Young Hayden spent much of his childhood going back and forth between the two areas. [9] Therefore, White contradicts the view that ‘historiography can be objective or truly scientific in itself, unaffected by anything.’. hayden white The Historical Event For the process of truth to begin, some-thing must happen. This case set the standard that determines the limits of legal police surveillance of political activity in California; police cannot engage in such surveillance in the absence of reasonable suspicion of a crime ("Lockyer Manual"). Hayden White's Perplexing History. Historians are concerned with events which can be assigned to specific timespace locations, events which are (or were) in principle observable or perceivable, whereas imaginative writers – poets, novelists, playwrights – are concerned with both these kinds of events … Tyler Stovall | [14] Here, after the fashion of Hayden White himself, I coin a neologism to stand in for “Historical Philosophy” that I would hope he would have liked. In other chapters of the book, history / literature question is then addressed from three points of view: narrativity, history as literature, and literature as history. Philosophy of History after Hayden White. "Exploding history: Hayden White on disciplinization", Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory and Practice, 1470-1154, Volume 12, Issue 1, 2008, Pages 41–58. White's dense article on narrative discusses the ways that different groups of 20th century historians, particularly historical theorists (see pp.8-9), have constructed and deconstructed narrative as a means of communicating history. Interpretation in History. According to White, the modern positivism on the one hand and the Philosophy of History on the other consolidate the oppositions (fact and interpretation, objectivity and imaginary, scientific and artistic). Hayden White is professor emeritus of the histories of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Match. “The burden of history”. As E. M. Forster expressed it: “‘The king died and then the queen died’ is a story. https://lareviewofbooks.org/article/the-voices-of-hayden-white (1952) and Ph.D. (1955) degrees from the University of Michigan. He was a 40-year resident of Santa Cruz who traveled the world. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (46) What does White say about the literary dimension of history? It shifts his focus in the direction of identifying the importance of narratives in history. With this influence, White enjoyed comparing historians' tasks. 12 July 1928–d. White, Hayden. As the accolades mounted, he continued to enjoy old colleagues and new, debates about many kinds of ideas and issues, and the enduring pleasures of the life of the mind. takes shape in the historian's mind is ultimately determined at deep level, deeper than that on which the modes operate (which to some extent can be chosen and reflected upon consciously). Hayden White is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, professor emeritus of comparative literature at Stanford University, and professor emeritus of the history of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. The author of Metahistory, one of the most influential books in the humanities over the past four decades, died Monday. Hayden White (July 12, 1928 – March 5, 2018) was an American historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973/2014). The Historical Text as Literary Artifact (Hayden White) STUDY. Introduction. Hayden White's Metahistory (1973) marked this change paradigmatically. 5 March 2018) was a groundbreaking critic of conventional historiography whose emphasis on the moral, rhetorical, aesthetic, and fictive valences of narrative as a mode of figuration unsettled professional historians’ tendency to disavow the role of the imagination and form in the selective arrangement of evidence. ment of interpretation. "Exploding history: Hayden White on disciplinization", Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory and Practice, 1470-1154, Volume 12, Issue 1, 2008, pp. terials in order to construct the moving pattern of images in which the. Hayden White has challenged the veritable intellectual tradition that since the time of Aristotle rests on the distinction of poetry (imaginary) and history (real). from Wayne State University (1951) and his M.A. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ‘The king died, and then the queen died of grief’ is a plot. According to White, these thinkers both use their philosophy to consider history which “not only makes us know something about the historical process but know how it knows it. 13 13 Arthur Danto, Analytical Philosophy of History [1965] (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1968). Over the years, it attracted a constellation of leading cultural theorists, including Donna Haraway, Teresa de Lauretis, and Angela Davis. He is the author of a number of books published by Johns Hopkins, including Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism , The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation , and Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect. White developed this line of thinking in full force in Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Hayden White, the theorist of history who died on March 5 at the age of 89, did not believe in endings. In his last book, The Practical Past (2014), White paid tribute to the significant effect of Bossenbrook. [7] The second was 12th-century Jewish philosopher Moses Maimonides, particularly his interpretation of the Bible. The most revolutionary claim is White's assessment that narratives are not a representation or depiction of historical reality, but are themselves a way of creating and perpetuating political and social order in the first place. • Hayden White returns to age-old considerations; like Aristotle who in the POETICS questioned the fundamental differences between “history” and ‘poetry’: “Poetry tends to express the universal, history the particular.” • Notion of a truly scientific (positivist) historical representation has its origins in the https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/page/journal/14682303/homepage/haydenwhite HEORISTS OF HISTORIOGRAPHY generally agree that all histori-. On the second page of his Introduction White stated: The covert activities included police officers registering as students, taking notes of discussions occurring in classes, and making police reports on these discussions. Hayden White served as Director of Wesleyan’s Center for the Humanities and was a long-time contributor and editorial board member of History and Theory, which also has its home at Wesleyan. Request PDF | On Feb 1, 2014, ADRIAN WILSON published The reflexive test of Hayden White's Metahistory | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Find books White, Metahistory, 37f. True to White's history of linking literary and historical fields of study, The Content of the Form thus questions the role historiography and the historian himself by analyzing the creation, manifestation and perpetuation of power in a social structure from the angle of linguistic construction. Hayden White was a historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973). This new anti‐turn set off a hitherto unanswered question as to how research methodology should be treated. History explains temporal changes in the human world by telling a story about it. 41–58. Thus narrativism started its triumphal procession in metahistory. [6], Among White's influences, two major figures who taught him 'how the historian interprets something. During 1972, while a professor of history at UCLA and acting as sole plaintiff, White sued Chief of Police Edward M. Davis, alleging the illegal expenditure of public funds in connection with covert intelligence gathering by police at UCLA. March 9, 2018 Hayden White. White, Hayden. It turned the shift from rhetoric to science in its contrary direction: a new turn to rhetoric was proclaimed. Bibliografie. As of this writing Thursday afternoon, just three notices of the Monday death of Hayden White have turned up in Google News -- and only one of them in English: a tribute posted to the website of Wesleyan University, where White directed the Center for the Humanities from 1973 to 1976.. In this classic work, White argues that a deep structural content lies beyond the surface level of historical texts. As a result, ‘a value-free history’ cannot be existed. This article tries to place Hayden White's Metahistory between two trends: one before and one after 1973. Metahistory proved to be both controversial and highly influential. Although, not surprisingly, White did not always agree with all of his colleagues, he nonetheless thrived in this intense, innovative intellectual atmosphere. Hayden White's work can be seen as its most successful and effective manifestation. A. Dirk Moses - 2005 - History and Theory 44 (3):311-332. While an undergraduate at Wayne State, White studied history under William J. Bossenbrook alongside then-classmate Arthur Danto. Tyler StovallUniversity of California, Santa Cruz, Tags: In the preface to the book’s 40th-anniversary edition, White wrote: After long reflection, it struck me that none of the historians of historiography that I knew had taken seriously the fact that historiography was first, necessarily, and most obviously writing, which is to say, inscription, of words or signs incised or laid upon a medium and which, by that process of inscription, are endowed with a power both material and spiritual, a power to at once “fix” things in time and seemingly reveal their meaning for their own time and for our own. https://nplusonemag.com/.../emancipation-from-the-burden-of-history White v. Davis, at 762. PLAY. Hayden White is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, professor emeritus of comparative literature at Stanford University, and professor emeritus of the history of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Since the publication of Metahistory, he has not chosen to compose another overarching synthesis of the historical production of a particular period. Rptr. Interpretation in History Hayden White HEORISTS OF HISTORIOGRAPHY generally agree that all histori-cal narratives contain an irreducible and inexpungeable ele-ment of interpretation. Hayden V. White, an influential scholar whose ideas on history and how it is shaped have fueled discussions in academic circles for half a century, … [14] Emphasizing history as a narrative using language, he argues that true history should contain both characteristics of synchronic and diachronic. ISBN 9780804760034; Oliver Daddow. Foucault Decoded: Notes from Underground (1973). Hayden White is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, professor emeritus of comparative literature at Stanford University, and professor emeritus of the history of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Hayden left a lasting mark for interdisciplinary scholarship on each of these institutions—as well as beyond them— which was the more notable for its avoidance of ideology or dogma together with an … [13] White also argued, however, that history is most successful when it uses this "narrativity", since it is what allows history to be meaningful. While Hayden White is especially known for his analysis of 19th century historiography, his work concerning historical narratives in a more general sense are equally important. 2 (1966): 111–134, here 132. Therefore, Bossenbrook regarded history as a mystery to be constantly pondered and studied rather than a puzzle to be solved. The historian has to interpret his ma-. Hayden White probes the notion of authority in art and literature and examines the problems of meaning - its production, distribution, and consumption - in different historical epochs. See also the intellectual biography by Herman Paul, Hayden White: The Historical Imagination (London, 2011). Finney, Patrick. Some historians will insist that history cannot become a science until it finds the technical terminology adequate to the correct characterization of its objects of study, in the way that physics did in the calculus and chemistry did in the periodic tables. It marked what came to be known as the ‘linguistic turn’ in historical theory, and has inspired legions of acolytes whose reverence for the master at times verges … He was 89 years old. [7], In his seminal 1973 book Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe, White claimed that the manifest historical text[jargon] is marked by strategies of explanation, which include explanation by argument, explanation by emplotment, and explanation by ideological implication. Source critique was not refuted but did not attract significant attention. II. Hayden White in History and Theory Virtual Issue, May 2018 Contribute to the Hayden V. White Endowed Chair at UC Santa Cruz . Historicism, History, and the Figurative Imagination (1975). "[10] They focus on the problem of history. The book urged historians to grapple with whether and how their writing creates rather than reflects reality. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. A. Dirk Moses - 2005 - History and Theory 44 (3):311-332. In his essay, entitled "Revisiting History in Hayden White's Philosophy," Mehdi Ghasemi refers to White's “Historical Fiction, Fictional History, and Historical Reality,” in which he writes “What we postmodernists are against is a professional historiography”. Web Resources. 2014. Re-Figuring Hayden White, Edited by Frank Ankersmit, Ewa Domanska, and Hans Kellner. Hayden White. 12, No.1 (2008): 16. The Historical Text as a Literary Artifact by Hayden White Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. 5 March 2018) was a groundbreaking critic of conventional historiography whose emphasis on the moral, rhetorical, aesthetic, and fictive valences of narrative as a mode of figuration unsettled professional historians’ tendency to disavow the role of the imagination and form in the selective arrangement of evidence. HAYDEN WHITE'S CRITIQUE OF THE WRITING OF HISTORY 275 to a detailed critique I offer an outline of the reception of his work among historians and literary critics. White was born on July 12, 1928, in the town of Martin, Tennessee. Gravity. Croce and Becker: A Note on the Evidence of Influence (1971). Hayden White (July 12, 1928 – March 5, 2018) was an American historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973/2014). History, he famously argued, did not come with endings, middles, or beginnings. Hayden V. White, professor emeritus in the History of Consciousness Department at UC Santa Cruz, died at his Santa Cruz home on March 5, 2018, at age 89. cal narratives contain an irreducible and inexpungeable ele-. The Supreme Court found for White in a unanimous decision. The historian has to interpret his ma-terials in order to construct the moving pattern of images in which the form of the historical process is to be mirrored. I think Hayden White was in this line, playing trickster with professionalized history but also with academe when it took itself, or him, too seriously. He leaves behind him not only family, friends, and colleagues, but also a vibrant legacy about the ways historians tell stories about the past. In the end, he suggests, the only meaning that history can have is the kind that a narrative imagination gives to it. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 2014. Hayden White taught that the imagination could push back against academic disciplines, cultural orthodoxies and political ideologies. Hayden White, Traumatic Nationalism, and the Public Role of History1. Hayden White (1928– ) is an American literary theorist and historiographer whose work is strongly associated with the “linguistic turn” (postmodernism) in history. To the end of his life, White remained academically and intellectually engaged, a venerable mandarin who was also friendly, witty, and personable. The purpose of history is often described as revealing the ‘truth’ about the past. Ibid., 274–276. He has also written The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation , Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect , etc. 94 (1975). olivia_purvis. Learn. Hayden White (July 12, 1928 - March 5, 2018) was an American historian and historiographer.. A unique intellectual program, History of Consciousness dated from the birth of UC Santa Cruz in 1965 and emphasized a commitment to interdisciplinary research and teaching. The discursive historicities (the object of White’s history) include the historical practitioners such as Michelet, Ranke, Tocqueville, and Burckhardt and the philosophers of history such as Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, and Croce. This penetrating analysis of eight classic nineteenth-century thinkers explains how historians use literary techniques to write sophisticated historical works.Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. In 1972, while at UCLA, he successfully sued the Los Angeles Police Department to stop it from planting police spies in university classrooms, arguing that it violated academic freedom. In 1978, White was hired, along with historian of anthropology James Clifford, as a faculty member in the History of Consciousness Board. Although trained as a medievalist, during his long and illustrious career White focused on modern European intellectual history and historical theory. The secret of the process by which consciousness invests history with Such is the recommendation of … Hayden White - 1984 - History and Theory 23 (1):1-33. May his memory as teacher, theorist, writer and friend inspire us to get out from under the burdens of history and make the present and future our own. Phone: 202.544.2422Email: info@historians.org. Perhaps his most famous, and certainly most enduring, university affiliation, however, was with the University of California, Santa Cruz. Editorial do número temático dedicado a “The History of Hayden White“. Please read our commenting and letters policy before submitting. Hayden White: Beyond Irony Hayden White: Beyond Irony Domanska, Ewa 1998-05-01 00:00:00 A crisis of our age that is usually identified with the loss of the sacred was one of the causes of the fall into irony in the nineteenth century. Hayden White's Metahistory takes the reader deeply into the winding roads of history writing. • 40th Anniversary Edition: Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Left to itself, it was a chaos of meaningless particulars. 7. It became a fundamental text in the linguistic turn. White figured prominently in a landmark California Supreme Court case regarding covert intelligence gathering on college campuses by police officers in the Los Angeles Police Department. "Hayden White and the Tragedy of International History" , Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 's 49th Annual Convention; San Francisco, CA, USA, March 26, 2008. Created by. Its focus on historical writing as in effect literature appealed strongly not only to literary scholars and others interested in textual analysis, but also to the burgeoning field of cultural history. Hayden White’s 1973 Metahistory tossed the entire concept of historical science out the window, claiming that historians are fundamentally artists who imbue historical action with aesthetic and ethical purpose. as co-author (1966) with Willson Coates and J. Salwin Schapiro, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 06:29. London: John Hopkins University Press, 1978. At a time when intellectuals like Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida were challenging ideas of scholarly objectivity, Metahistory argued that history was above all writing, that its form was vital to its content. In Topics of Discourse edited by Hayden White, 27-50. In the end, he suggests, the only meaning that history can have is the kind that a narrative imagination gives to it. [16] He ended his career as University Professor Emeritus[17] at the history of consciousness department of the University of California, Santa Cruz, having previously retired from the comparative literature department of Stanford University. Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. In Metahistory (1973) he argued that historical writing should be read as a genre of literature, and that a … as co-editor (1969) with Giorgio Tagliacozzo. Therefore, Hayden White was consigned to marginality in the circle of historical discourse. Hayden V. White, “The Burden of History,” History and Theory 5, no. [15] This view is contrary to historians such as Fueter, Cooch, and Croce, who tried to distinguish between historiography and philosophies of history. 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