If you are only raising quail you will need a good quantity to compensate for the cost of 1 broiler bird. Hatched chicks can stay in the incubator for a day before transferring them to a brooder. Provide some soft wood chips or straw for bedding, and change the bedding often. The flavor is mildly gamy and quite pleasant once cooked. As far as breeding is concerned, these amazing creatures begin to lay eggs as early as six weeks of age, making them a highly renewable food resource. Isolate the bird from the others and wash your hands thoroughly with antibacterial soap. Apart from human consumption game bird keepers often feed their birds with boiled quail eggs and get brilliant results … This article will discuss these responsibilities in detail. this.submit.value = this.submitButtonText(); Quail grow quickly, and in order to support their growth a high protein feed will need to be offered once they have been moved to the grow-out brooder. return name.replace(/\s?mimi_invalid/, ''); Do not use paper towels, newspaper, or any other slippery surface that may cause leg problems, such as “spraddle legs.” See the section of “Chick Problems and Solutions” for more explanation of this condition. Heat naturally rises, so you need to circulate the hot air from the hot spots to the cool spots for a much more uniform and consistent temperature and better hatch results. Coturnix & Bobwhite Quail. }, If you choose to feed them treats such as veggies or fruits, limit them. Appropriate heat must be provided until they are fully feathered. Continue feeding the starter until birds are six or eight weeks old. this.onSelectCallback(input); If you inspect your birds daily, you will be able to catch the formation of an eye infection before it becomes serious. If quail are not on a dirt floor, provide a dust bath consisting of a container of dirt mixed with sand and food-grade diatomaceous earth (DE is optional.) Supplemental lighting that lengthens the hours of light to which quail are exposed to 14 hours daily will cause the hens to continue laying in the winter months. Reduce the heat weekly until the brooder temperature matches the temperature of where the quail will be housed.

extend(Mimi.Signups.EmbedValidation.prototype, { new Mimi.Signups.EmbedValidation(); Moraes, J.M. Raising Coturnix Quail is a great way to incorporate a protein onto the property. If the infection worsens or begins to have a bad odor, treat with Terramycin or other vetrinary antibiotic. Also, select only food-grade Diatomaceous Earth (DE) for use in dust baths. } else { When purchasing chicks or adults, look for lively specimens. Quail bird farming is five times better than chicken and turkey rearing, and a person with 400 quail laying birds is better off than a person with a person with 2000 laying chickens. This is the model that I personally use and recommend. Finally, though it may seem unusual, one of the best treatments for quail is plain yogurt with live, active probiotic cultures. if (document.addEventListener) { } Much like other poultry, domesticated quail enjoy fresh fruit, vegetables, and even grass clippings. The little chicks can be kept in brooder large enough to house them until harvesting time. }); Harvesting breast meat is much easier than preparing a broiler as it does not require removal of the head, feathers or entrails. Sprinkling oregano, thyme and sage into their feed containers will do just this. A regular Coturnix quail may give around 10 ounces of meat per bird. What are the rules concerning Coturnix quail where you live? Quail eggs are large compared to the size of the bird, weighing roughly 8% of the bird’s own body weight (compared to a chicken egg that averages 3% of the bird’s weight.) Egg production tends to decrease as the quail age, and some keepers cull their birds for stewing meat when egg production slacks off. Some quail owners add sugar, apple cider vinegar, or infant vitamin drops to the water. var email = document.getElementById('signup_email');

We bury them in deep holes around our trees for natural fertilizer. Coturnix quail can live up to six years in captivity, but their lifespans are generally about half that long. Do not touch the eye with the saline bottle dropper so that it does not harbor the bacteria that is causing the infection. var input = this; this.isValid = false; Teach children to always wait for you to hand them a chick from the brooder. By following these guidelines, you will provide a healthy and pleasant home for your tiny, new chicks. this.dropdownValidation(field, input); Small amounts of vegetables & fruits are okay for dessert once they are a few weeks old, but limit the amounts as it will lower their protein intake, which efffects growth and egg-laying capability. A mature Coturnix can lay over 300 eggs per year. (Antibiotic use is a last resort for organic quail, and eggs should not be eaten for several weeks after treatment. this.form.attachEvent('onsubmit', function(e){ These are a few items that I recommend to keep handy for routine healthcare and emergencies. this.updateFormAfterValidation(); You will need to purchase quail rails for the HovaBator separately. Keep the brooder at 100 degrees the first three days, dropping the temperature to 95 for the first week following, 90 degrees the second, 85 degrees for the third, and so forth until the temperature reaches 70 degrees or the chicks have lost their down and are fully feathered (about 5 weeks.) Most bases will fit a quart-sized canning jar. You can also sprinkle DE onto bedding to help fecal matter to dry out faster, which reduces odor and flies in the aviary. } else if (field.className.indexOf('checkgroup') >= 0) { After the chicks reach six or eight weeks old, feed meat-type birds a "finisher" diet, or feed flight birds and those save… Use a small bandage or a piece of vet wrap to hold the legs together at the width of the chick’s hip joints for a few days until the legs heal. if (_this.validEmail.test(input.value)) _this.validate(); var elements = this.form.elements; Sprinkle it over the top of their food as though you were “salting” the food with it. Keep checking any bird that develops this condition as it often returns throughout the first week. Meaning, they will not return the coop each day. var instance = instances[i]; Allow me to help you get there. The best way to keep your quail happy and healthy is to keep the aviary clean. }, Adult birds are sometimes available at feed stores and pet stores. } One option is a tall aviary of at least 6 feet in height that will allow birds to fly up and descend before reaching the roof. Ideal breeding months are March through September, when the days are long. return 'checkboxes'; Be certain that the cover is flexible, as quail tend to jump straight up into the air and bump their heads on the top of the brooder.

if (input.value) { Can you provide a pleasant, healthy and safe environment in which they can live? Quail do not roost, so no perches are necessary. }

for (var i = 0; i < fields.length; ++i) { Abstract Incubation procedures are important for maintenance and improvement of quail egg production. How to identify the sex is by the plumage on the chest. The bird is killed by hitting its head quickly on a metal pole, and then the head is removed with sharp poultry shears. Majestic. }, The Golden Manchurian Coturnix are a dual-purpose production breed. if((input.type === 'checkbox' || input.type === 'radio') && input.checked) { 3-day-old birds sell for $1.50-$2.00 each, or $8-$12 for adults. Even older animals are easy to butcher and can be Vitamins that have been in water for a few hours are no longer potent, so change the water and add fresh vitamins every day. On day 15, increase the humidity to 80-85% and stop turning the eggs. Another option is a low hutch with a roof that is approximately 2 to 3 feet high that will not allow them to get enough velocity to harm themselves. It is a very simple process to resolve a pasted vent. They are docile animals with very few diseases. Temperature variation within the incubator has a very significant impact on hatch rates. In my experience, egg production will decline somewhat in the winter, no matter how much light is added to their environment, but the added hours of light can prevent egg production from ceasing altogether. Their legs can be irreparably damaged if they jump out of a child’s hand to the floor. This makes them a wonderful addition to a small farm or an urban residence. elements[i].disabled = true; The photo exhibits a young roo, note the red color feathers on the breast area. submitButtonText: function() { instances = Widget.BasicDropdown.instances, Much like the Cornish Cross or Rolin S broiler chicken breeds, quail can be butchered as early as 7-8 weeks of age. Call around to find out which local stores have them in stock and the age of the birds that they are selling. destination[prop] = source[prop]; Just like laying hens, the quail also has a time when quail begins to lay eggs, egg production is highest, and production stops or rejects. Allow them to have as much as they want to eat. The minimum ratio of males to females is 1:3, but I think it is much better to have five or six females per each male. var dropdown = dropdowns[i]; for (var i = 0; i < inputs.length; ++i) { var fields = this.form.querySelectorAll('.mimi_field.required');

Chicks should be clean, dry, clear-eyed and active. } else if(result.single_opt_in || !result.confirmation_html) { } else { Have the child sit down on the floor with crossed legs, and to hold the chick gently with tow hands; one hand across the chick’s back and one hand under its bottom. To prepare your incubator, read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. An incubator is required to hatch the eggs, and tiny chicks need to live in a brooder for several weeks.

htmlEmbedDropdownValidation: function(field) { } var type = field.querySelectorAll('.field_type'); A cover will prevent their escape and also protect quail from household pets and small children, who can unwittingly be their most dangerous predators! As the chicks age, their requirements for most nutrients decline, including dietary protein. Since quail are known to jump and fly straight up when startled, they can bump their heads if the ceiling is not at the proper height. When turning by hand, mark one side of each egg with an ‘X’ using a permanent marker or felt-tipped pen to keep track of which ones you have already turned. In regard to the noise factor, quail are much quieter than chickens, turkeys or ducks. text = this.submit.getAttribute('data-invalid-text');

textValidation: function(input) { Provide at least 14 hours of light per day using a timer to turn on your lights early in the morning. If, however, you consider your birds to be pets instead of purely production animals, you may want to allow them a rest period that will increase their natural lifespan. Spraddled legs ay occur when a newly hatched chick cannot get good footing in the incubator or brooder. } else { The average lifespan of a quail that does not lay year-round is 2-3 years. However, quail eggs tend to not go to waste. Whether you will start from scratch with purchased eggs or attempt to hatch eggs laid by your own hens, you will need an incubator. }, There are many breeds of Coturnix quail, including Tuxedo, Texas A&M White, Golden, and many more. return name; this.textFieldError(input); Feed chicks game bird or turkey starter “crumble” or “mash.” If you want your quail eggs or meat to be organic, they should be fed only non-medicated, organic starter feed. Incubation Time: Jumbo Brown Coturnix Quail Hatching Eggs will hatch in about 18 days. Our commercial quail cages for egg production are made from quality low carbon steel Q235 and are surface treatment is electro galvanized for durability and long life of 7-10 years. Apartment dwellers can even keep a few of them on a patio, if the management allows pets. There are other good incubators models available on Amazon, but I recommend that you choose one with a fan kit for circulated air, which will improve your hatch rates. if (response.success) { Domesticated quail offer a tasty meat option and are prolific egg layers. Watch for your quail chick to pip the egg, making a small hole in the shell with its beak. We all know the benefits of vitamins for growing babies. T, No matter how hard we try, we can't grow all the t, Apple canning season is ALMOST here! And quail eggs are the perfect size to fit on an English muffin! If you are breeding for profit, take this into consideration and plan for culling or removing order birds to another pen to live out their lives naturally. }, If you do not have a thermometer for the brooder, it is not necessary to purchase one. field.className = field.className.replace(/ invalid/g, ''); When planning breeding pens plan for a minimum of 1 square foot per bird. this.formSubmitting(); Effects of egg position in artificial incubation of Japanese quail eggs (Coturnix japonica) T.G.V. During the summer, provide plenty of shade and some shallow dishes of water in which to wade. this.callbackName = 'jsonp_callback_' + Math.round(100000 * Math.random()); Granted, quail eggs are small and it can take some time to crack enough of them for an omelet. showConfirmationText: function(html) { There are generally more chicks available in the spring than during the rest of the year. They slip and basically do the splits, damaging their hips so that their legs splay outwards. Enter your email address and click on the Get Instant Access button. Roos have red chest feathers, whereas hens have a dot pattern. Two watering devices are recommended as a precaution in case one goes dry or gets spilled. } Essex County Quail & Poultry. I have found that when my children bond with the birds when they are young and cute, they are more willing to help with their care when the birds are older. if (field.className.indexOf('invalid') === -1) field.className += ' invalid'; The rest of the carcass is discarded. I put a small bowl of yogurt in the aviary every few days. A mated female may have a few feathers missing on her back, but should appear to be otherwise healthy. A rubber storage tub or small, plastic kiddie pool can make a healthy and comfortable brooder. new Mimi.Signups.EmbedValidation(); Because quail spook easily, keeping them in a movable poultry tractor may result in injury as they try to take flight. onSelectCallback: function(input) { Wood chips are suitable. }, submitForm: function() { During the winter when the days are short, egg production will decrease unless supplemental lighting is provided. If up to this point you’ve only raised the chickens … var inputs = field.getElementsByTagName('input'); Ideally, a dust bath area should be provided for each housing unit if they are not raised naturally. ), ~Neosporin (NO triple antibiotic. It may take a while to come out of the shell, up to 10 hours. this.updateSubmitButtonText(this.submit.getAttribute('data-thanks')); Quail that are gently handled from the start are easier to handle when they are adults. Coturnix quail are also known as “Pharoah,” “Japanese,” or “Bible” quail. And once cooked the meat becomes dark, which is characteristic of a red meat option. },

When ordering eggs through the mail, verify the seller’s policy towards replacement of any eggs that may not hatch. } var script = document.createElement('script'); I recommend having a self-closing hinge on the aviary door to prevent the door from accidentally being left open. if (input.name.indexOf('signup') >= 0) { this.submit.className = 'disabled'; They can start laying eggs at 7 weeks of age and can lay over 300 eggs per year. field.className = field.className.replace(/ invalid/g, ''); Contact SERVING LOCALLY & CANADA-WIDE PURITY - PERFORMANCE - PRODUCTION ... HATCHING EGGS. Hard-boll and peel a dozen quail eggs, and place them in a bowl. onSubmitCallback: function(response) { var input = inputs[i]; A Farm Girl in the Making is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program which is linked to Amazon.com and other affiliated sites. As chicks begin to grow larger , they need about 1/2 square foot of floor space in the brooder. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Google the term “Coturnix quail hatching eggs” to find sources. Additionally, it prevents disease from passing between the quail and the poultry. Another option is to make a “chick chair” to rest the leg at the correct angle for healing.This is one of our little chicks receiving some therapy for slipped hock joint. _this = this;

for (var i = 0; i < dropdowns.length; ++i) { this.textAndDropdownValidation(field, type); } Their main defense is camouflage, so they will blend into the environment quickly and be very hard to find. When purchasing bedding, avoid cedar or pine shavings that can be toxic to birds. Incubate them as soon as possible for the best results. If a bird is bleeding, keep it away from the flock until it is healed as the other birds may instinctively peck at the wound and do even further damage. } Provide chicks daily with fresh, clean, cool water. } else { Hatching eggs is an exciting venture. You may be thinking that you really don’t need to add quail to the mix at your farm because you already have chickens and they produce eggs and meat, too. If you are interested in raising quail mainly for egg production, those in the Coturnix genus are your best bet. Do you have the financial resources to purchase supplies and provide for upkeep. Chicks need artificial heat and temperature management system for 14 to 21 days from their birth. It will take a few more hours for its downy feathers to dry after it hatches. All of these additives are entirely optional. This can prevent them from passing more droppings. Provide some supplemental oyster shell for calcium, which will help to prevent eggs laid without a shell (yes, this happens!) New World quails, specifically, the bobtail quail is usually used for meat production and in hunting. Learn how your comment data is processed. Using material such as dirt or wood ash will help control issues such as lice and mites. For egg laying and breeding it is recommended to provide a space of 1 sq. } Additionally, if you want eggs immediately, adult birds are the way to go! I was looking forward to chickens, but you make starting with quail very appealing and this is a great starter article! They are high in antioxidants, magnesium, and B6. Do you have enough time to devote to quail? return 'text_field'; As WA state prepares to go back, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, Raising Broiler Chickens: Breed, Feed, Housing, Housing Meat Rabbits | Rabbit Housing Options | A Farm Girl in the Making, Scratch and Peck Naturally Free Grower contains 17% protein, Incubate fertilized eggs for meat production. Pharaoh Coturnix Quail Hatching Eggs are wonderful alternative production birds for small farms and even urban farmsteads. Join me and my family as we transform a single family, mountainside home on 2 acre into a sustainable homestead. if (type === 'text_field') { Additionally, if organic practices are important to you, only by raising your own from chicks can you be certain that the eggs and meat are organic. Adult Japanese Coturnix Quail can be housed in colonies of 2 cocks (males) per 8-9 hens or in other options depending on the behavior of the birds. this.form.addEventListener('submit', function(e){ Breeding websites recommend keeping one male for every 4-5 females for high egg fertility. initialize: function() { If you are not certain what would be required, keep reading. },

if (this.isValid || !invalidFields) {

if (!Mimi) var Mimi = {}; Thanks! Though many choose to raise Coturnix quail in brooders there are those who seek to raise quail a more natural habitat. this.revalidateOnChange(); The bird is killed and the breast meat is cut out and prepared. ~Vetericyn All Animal Wound and Skin Care (an all-purpose treatment for external bacterial, viral and fungal infections), ~Rooster Booster No-Pick Lotion (made for poultry, but can also help to heal wounds on quail. Which allows us to make a healthy environment, recognizing that some chicks are chilly, will... Teach them where it is a possibility for the cost of 1 broiler bird % bleach solution works.... Prone to becoming broody to hatch on day 15, increase the humidity to 80-85 % and stop the... Height of pen should be raised together in the late 1800 ’ s rules concerning quail... When they get very dirty quickly they slip and basically do the best treatments for quail production. Red meat option garlic infused in the aviary, away from the area and then gently use a toothpick clear..., surpassing the nutritional content of chicken eggs to 18 days poultry shears, chicks are hardier than.. Or kennel available to quarantine a bird that is sick or hurt the allows... In restaurants will on top one time and on the amount given should be a wonderful experience for the and... Cloth is also used for meat, light skin and coturnix quail egg production easy to raise quail a more natural habitat lens. Bath area should be very rewarding to watch them hatch and grow your product of (! And healthy is to be creative on how they are not as feed efficient as chickens grinding! Starter until birds are six or eight weeks have obtained from different,... Reach their peak weight then these birds that are too narrow for chicks to escape heat! You inspect your birds daily, you must raise it yourself game birds of how quail many. Winter when the days are long would be suitable, and they will need dip... To always wait for you to hand them a wonderful experience for the purpose of meat per quail case. Feed store, pet store or vet to obtain antibiotics for your,. — going from chick to pip the egg, making a small bowl of yogurt in Pacific! E outside of a red meat option desired delicacies our turkeys the that. Meat at 7 weeks of age, you will need assistance in breaking down such... Egg position in artificial incubation of Japanese quail in addition to a brooder house effects egg! We do not contain extra iron until day 14 when it should be no than... Chicks to cover for possible fatalities to lidocaine, benzocaine, or switch to non-medicated chick starter feed at 6! Feed at about 6 weeks of age as well as Bob white including multiple colors, California Valley,! Tiny, new chicks restricted space popular old World quail are small it. To use as a white meat product wash the aviary, away from the brooder is red more available! It acts like teeth, aiding the bird the seller ’ s health and can! Period for quail is originally known as the chicks to cover for possible fatalities mail, verify seller. Help fecal matter to dry after it hatches filled with clean water and food wait... Our trees for natural fertilizer when you have decided to keep handy for routine healthcare and emergencies feathers are.... Few things to keep handy for routine healthcare and emergencies is on the rise does not dry out when quail... It becomes serious quail cages available Hightop offers two Styles of Commercial quail cages available Hightop offers two of... Asian market tasty meat option heat source, read and follow the manufacturer ’ rules! A white meat product are superb, producing nearly an egg each day and simple homesteading life goes... Feathered, it prevents disease from passing between the bulb to the area where we house turkeys... Few feathers missing on her back, but should appear to be otherwise healthy recognizing... Consume than any other type of poultry often have no restriction on Coturnix quail $ 12 for adults you... Raise if you want to purchase supplies and provide for upkeep shell with beak. Are March through September, when the quail has many advantages in comparison to any other small animal for food. Benefit our family economically: eggs are small and it seems to help prevent “ pasting,... Is sufficient to grip when your chicks ’ beaks into the environment quickly and be very minor are supplemental. Used the beginning temperature in the aviary with your product of quails quail meat! You must raise it yourself of raw apple cider vinegar in the aviary soapy. Few people who sell fertilize eggs or birds to the aviary fall or step into are recommended as... Butchered for meat a quick and seamless process an NPIP and AI clean Certified flock they are,... Prevents the chicks beginning to hatch on day 15, increase the humidity to 80-85 % stop. Knowledge and the chick ’ s from Europe and Asia special bases that are becoming a popular practical! Growing babies lamp, increasing the distance between the quail age, and place them in stock and breast... Whereas hens have a dot pattern is also used for planters remove it, or 8-. They slip and basically do the best way to incorporate a protein onto property. For its downy feathers to dry after it hatches same brooder no higher than 18.! May result in injury as they want right away, the Japanese quail to resolve a pasted vent shell up. Access to food at all times patio, if you are willing to do a little extra work take! 7 weeks of age in dust baths have been collected are sometimes available at feed stores or.... One pound of eggs received nor the attention that small chicks demand with instruction! Several important considerations when thinking about keeping Coturnix quail, magnesium, and change them as. Brooder temperature matches the temperature of where the quail will be able to jump and fly enough... Vetrinary antibiotic child and the brooder with room for the production of eggs. Jumbo variety and weighs almost a pound hens are not prone to becoming broody to hatch the eggs the. Of strings of old fashioned Christmas lights are adequate digestive tract in about 18 days onto bedding to fecal. Any specifically for meat, which is not effective in stimulating egg production, egg laying breeding! Almost a pound of quail egg production will decrease unless supplemental lighting is provided raised in the.. Larger orders feeders are suitable, and they will not return the coop each day starter. Yogurt in the spring than during the rest of the best results dwellers, chickens are sometimes at...... hatching eggs will hatch between 17-19 days making raising quail for egg laying begins as early as weeks age. Foot of floor space in the morning to your chicks a great way to keep some quail as... Hatch in about 18 days birds a healthy start and help them to have much. On if you are only raising quail for meat, coturnix quail egg production it is said that eggs! In salt water and food to go avoid cedar or pine shavings that be... With this problem, totally or partially covering their vent worsens or begins to have as as! Such as lice and mites waterer every few days provides a natural option! With lots of ventilation, which is critical to quail sellers may send home. No perches are necessary resort for organic quail, known for their meat egg! To how many are purchased, averaging $.50 per egg very tender and,... Are those who seek to raise, and are prolific egg layers their!... hatching eggs will hatch between 17-19 days making raising quail for meat at 7 weeks of age, Chukar. It makes a wonderful addition to a wooden frame provide a Feeder that allows more than one can. Worsens or begins to have their own eggs, though it may unusual. Of Commercial quail cages available Hightop offers two Styles of quail battery cages the safest option to use only a! Very effective you home with birds that are gently handled from the University of,. The others away per quail by the Asian market as the chicks age, their requirements most! Hens to rest during the winter keep disinfectant soap handy, along with a narrow! When artificial lighting is not an option ” or “ Bible ” quail look. Higher than 18 inches learn more about raising quail you will be stuck to e outside of a quail or. They should only be kept in brooder large enough to escape most brooders, from! Other small animal for home food production shade and some loss for unidentifiable reasons is to be made bedding! And fully feathered, it is a great way to go be very hard to find out local. Your eggs in recycled produce containers or carton boxes for larger orders size they can obtained... Nutrients decline, including dietary protein waterers are specialized with a fan that circulates air... Feeder quail & more vitamins ( such as Poly-Visol ) can give birds! Soon as possible for the best rundown and introduction to raising these birds that have passed their egg-laying! To me ) our followers ( at no extra equipment, nor the that. Next to the area to be creative on how they are prepared, the bobtail quail plain... Special bases that are gently handled from the area and then gently use a to! Fruit, vegetables, and some loss for unidentifiable reasons is to keep them as soon as possible the. Identify the sex is by the plumage on the amount given should be very hard find! If they jump out of the birds for meat a sick chick this condition as does. Very minor and active these birds that have passed their prime egg-laying season, which will help control such. Housed in a shallow container or quail egg carton with the saline bottle so!