47. Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. It comprises 32 departments and the Capital District of Bogotá, the country's largest city. The game consists of trying to throw a metal disk at a sack filled with gunpowder while being dead drunk. In March 2006, Bogota hosted the Sixth Regular Session of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism. A stock exchange (1928) and the main banks are located in the city. Good logic: once you do steal it, it is yours. A 40-year conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups and illegal paramilitary Colombia strongly reflects its history as a colony of Spain.It is often referred to as the most Roman Catholic of the South American countries, and most of its people are proud of the relative purity of their Spanish language.Its population is heavily mestizo (of mixed European and Indian descent) with substantial minorities of European and African ancestry. But why is the world so in love with Colombian coffee? In 2006, new FDI totaled $6.3 billion, an increase of 294% from 2002. U.S. policy toward Colombia supports the Colombian Government's efforts to strengthen its democratic institutions, promote respect for human rights and the rule of law, intensify counter-narcotics efforts, foster socioeconomic development, address immediate humanitarian needs, and end the threats to democracy posed by narcotics trafficking and terrorism. We've got you covered with our map collection. They are guerrilla organizations known as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia and the Army of National Liberation. In 1997, the United States and Colombia signed an important maritime ship-boarding agreement to allow for search of suspected drug-running vessels. It is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Many People sell phone minutes on the street ( you can make a phone call from someone else´s phone for a fee) 3. All Rights Reserved. 99% of the population speak Spanish, the official language of Colombia. Colombia is known for its significant natural resources, modern cities, and a diverse culture. Former President Gaviria became Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) in September 1994 and was re-elected in 1999. Narco-terrorists assassinated three presidential candidates during the election campaign of 1990. 1829-30 - Gran Colombia dissolved when Venezuela and Ecuador split off, leaving present-day Colombia and Panama a separate state known as … The history of Colombia includes the settlements and society by indigenous peoples, most notably, the Muisca Confederation, Quimbaya Civilization, and Tairona Chiefdoms; the Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of annexation and colonization, most noteworthy being Spanish conquest of the Muisca; ultimately creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with its capital at Bogotá. 46. The cooler elevations--between 2,000 and 3,000 meters--produce wheat, barley, potatoes, cold-climate vegetables, flowers, dairy cattle and poultry. On July 20, 1810, the citizens of Bogota created the first representative council to defy Spanish authority. Conflicts between followers of Bolivar and Santander led to the formation of two political parties that have since dominated Colombian politics. Columbia Plateau, a geologic and geographic region in the U.S. Pacific Northwest; Columbia River, in Canada and the United States . In 1995-96, the United States and Colombia signed important agreements on environmental protection and civil aviation. They were both part of the Chibcha language peoples. Colombia has been inhabited by various indigenous peoples since at least 12,000 BCE, including the Muisca, Quimbaya, and the Tairona. The security forces number about 350,000 uniformed personnel: 190,000 military and 160,000 police. Since 2000, the FARC has not carried out large scale multi-front attacks, although it has mounted some operations that indicate it has not yet been broken. Updated April 07, 2019 Santa Fe de Bogotá is the capital of Colombia. Tejo is the native and national sport of Colombia. Colombia has a vibrant music scene. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. The announcement was made on FARC's website. Colombia shares land borders with five countries: Panama, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and Venezuela. 26. Total Exports: $36.79 billion (2017 est. 14 Weird Facts about Colombia. Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). Led by Escobar, the group functioned as a drug cartel and a terrorist-type criminal group at the same time. In 1969, Colombia, along with Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru, formed what is now the Andean Community. Bogotá is the home of the nation’s tire, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, but its chief activities are commercial. Santos was largely responsible for planning and carrying out the government's successful assault on FARC. The ELN withdrew from the talks after the Mexican Government voted to condemn Cuba's human rights record at the United Nations in April 2005. Each of the main areas or cities in Colombia is completely different. According to his defense minister, during 2003 more than 16,000 suspected leftist guerrillas and right-wing paramilitary vigilantes either surrendered, were apprehended, or were killed. Thirty cities have a population of 100,000 or more. On July 2, 2008, after being held for six years by FARC rebels, 15 hostages, including three U.S. military contractors and French-Colombian politician Ingrid Betancourt, were freed by commandos who infiltrated FARC's leadership. Department of State2201 C Street, NWWashington, DC 20520Main Switchboard: 202-647-4000 ( http://www.state.gov), U.S. Department of Commerce, Trade Information Center, International Trade Administration1401 Constitution AvenueWashington, DC 20230(tel: 800-USA-TRADE, Internet: http://trade.gov), Colombian-American Chamber of CommerceCalle 98, @2264, Oficina 1209Apartado Aereo 8008Bogota, Colombia(tel: (571) 621-5042/7925/6838, fax: (571) 612-6838, Internet: www.colombiachamber.com/)Chapters in Cali, Cartagena, Medellin. 25 Interesting Facts about Colombia 1. Real spending on defense has increased every year since 2000, but especially so under President Uribe. 4. The two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca peoples. Bogota is somewhat “Americanized” and has amazing nightlife. Coffee is not native to Colombia. The government and the M-19 renewed their truce in March 1989, which led to a peace agreement and the M-19's reintegration into society and political life. In 1984, President Belisario Betancur, a Conservative, negotiated a cease-fire with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Democratic Alliance/M-19 (M-19) that included the release of many imprisoned guerrillas. In the 1970s and 1980s, Colombia became one of the international centers for illegal drug production and trafficking, and at times the drug cartels (the Medellin and Cali cartels were the most notorious) virtually controlled the country. 15. Colombia is also a significant producer of gold, silver, and platinum. The older you grow, the more powerful your voice becomes. Colombia Facts 1. The Pastrana administration unveiled its "Plan Colombia" in 1999 as a strategy to deal with these longstanding problems, and sought support from the international community. The red and yellow colors of the Colombian flag were adapted from the Spanish flag and the stripe of blue symbolizes the ocean that separates the country of Colombia from Spain. 34. Not lazy, but fun loving: Colombia, with 18 national holidays, came second in the “countries with the most national holidays” list. A cityscape of gorgeous Medellín, Colombia. Here I bring 7 cool facts about Bogotá history you probably didn’t know and to refresh the ones you have probably heard before. Foreign InvestmentThe United States is the largest source of new foreign direct investment (FDI) in Colombia, particularly in the areas of coal and petroleum. Let’s explore it! It established a power-sharing agreement between the two parties and brought an end to "La Violencia." The most popular choice for breakfast in Colombia is Changua. Peso (COP) is the currency of Colombia. Colombia is a country located in the very north of South America. mi.). In addition, it has signed free trade agreements with Chile, Mexico and Venezuela. At the age of 4, she had her first poem which later became a song. After that the Spaniards founded the first European citi… All the hard work did work out, and Spain finally mined out silver, lots and lots of silver. Beer is so common in this game, it’s almost a rule. 14 Weird Facts about Colombia. A major part of Uribe's popularity came from his unyielding operations against FARC. Popular music is probably the country's best known export (with musicians like Shakira, Carlos Vives, and Juanes). After conquering the Muisca and settling Bogotá, Spain was largely uncontested in the region. 35. Colombia, officially known as the Republic of Colombia, is the second most diverse country in the world, distinguished for its natural resources, modern cityscapes, and diverse culture. Colombian spending on defense grew over 30% after inflation from 2001 to 2005, from $2.6 billion to more than 3.9 billion. Columbus saw the coasts of Venezuela, Colombia and Panama and he gave them his own name. Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is the 29th most populous country in the world. There are many interesting facts about Colombia, but the history of the country has often been overshadowed as a tourist destination. The constitution also authorized the introduction of an accusatory system of criminal justice that is gradually being instituted throughout the country, replacing the previous written inquisitorial system. Signing a free trade agreement in November 2006 portends further opportunity for growth once it is approved by the legislatures of both countries and implemented. In addition, all regions yield forest products, ranging from tropical hardwoods in the lowlands, to pine and eucalyptus in the colder areas. The United States provides equipment to the Colombian military and police through the military assistance program, foreign military sales and the international narcotics control program. Local amerindian populations formed an important part of the labor force and the economy, so their depopulation posed serious long-term problems to colonial authorities. Colombia Facts 1. As the home of the continent's oldest Spanish language academy, it should come as no surprise that Colombia is a major literary country. Seems like Colombia colonized Spain, and not the other way around. Humans have lived in Colombia for at least 11,000 years, and Colombia was a major channel for human migration to the rest of the continent. The golden rule of Colombia: If you hear music, start moving. It has some prime real estate, with … Colombia is the only overland gateway to South America and is assumed to have been the route pioneered by the continent's first human inhabitants, who migrated from North and Central America. New security measures and increased drilling activity have slowed the drop in petroleum production, allowing Colombia to continue to export through 2010 or 2011, given current production estimates. Colombia is a huge country of around 50 million people, so it can be hard to generalize. Today, about 25,000 U.S. citizens are registered with the U.S. Embassy as living in Colombia, most of them dual nationals. Public Announcements are issued to disseminate information quickly about terrorist threats and other relatively short-term conditions overseas that pose significant risks to the security of American travelers. Religion. Signed back on November 22, 2006, the agreement was made to eliminate tariffs and other trade barriers for goods and services between Colombia and the United States. Indigenous tribes inhabited Colombia in 12,500 B.C. Colombia should benefit from the deal considerably with at least a 10% increase to their exports, while creating new jobs and economic growth. Full independence was proclaimed in 1813, and in 1819 the Republic of Greater Colombia was formed to include all the territory of the former Viceroyalty (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama). 36. Without Futbol, its iconic yellow jerseys, its heartthrob, James Rodriguez, or without its unique goal dance, Colombian people couldn’t get a peaceful night’s sleep. 42. La Violencia (The Violence) and the National FrontThe assassination of Liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan in 1948 sparked the bloody conflict known as La Violencia. Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Colombia facts: 1. Maybe they were all broke. Post-National Front YearsDuring the post-National Front years, the Colombian Government made efforts to negotiate a peace with the persistent guerrilla organizations that flourished in Colombia's remote and undeveloped rural areas. Illicit Drugs: Illicit producer of coca, opium poppy, and cannabis; world's leading coca cultivator with 188,000 hectares in coca cultivation in 2016, a 18% increase over 2015, producing a potential of 710 mt of pure cocaine; the world's largest producer of coca derivatives; supplies cocaine to nearly all of the US market and the great majority of other international drug markets; in 2016, the Colombian government reported manual eradication of 17,642 hectares; Colombia suspended aerial eradication in October 2015 making 2016 the first full year without aerial eradication; a significant portion of narcotics proceeds are either laundered or invested in Colombia through the black market peso exchange; Colombia probably remains the second largest supplier of heroin to the US market; opium poppy cultivation was estimated to be 1,100 hectares in 2015, sufficient to potentially produce three metric tons of pure heroin. The new constitution also reestablished the position of Vice President. Interesting History of Cartagena, Colombia October 28, 2018, 9:11 am Cartagena was officially founded and settled under the Spanish Empire in 1533, by Don Pedro de Heredia and took its name from the Spanish city of Cartagena. The ELN and the government began a round of talks with the Colombian Government mediated by the Mexican Government in mid-2004. 13. The name "Colombia" is derived from the last name of the explorer Christopher Columbus. Colombia is a place of fun, frolic, and festivity. The country has a tropical climate and also includes some mountains i… When Rojas failed to restore democratic rule and became implicated in corrupt schemes, he was overthrown by the military with the support of the Liberal and Conservative Parties. Colombia is a very diverse country. The army suppressed an M-19 attack on the Palace of Justice in Bogota in November 1985, during which 115 people were killed, including 11 Supreme Court justices. The bulk of the new investment is in the manufacturing, mining, and petroleum sectors. Colombia's Ministry of Defense is charged with the country's internal and external defense and security, and exercises jurisdiction over an army, navy--including marines and coast guard--air force, and national police under the leadership of a civilian Minister of Defense. 21. 11 Interesting Facts About Colombia . Colombia is not only baked by the tropical sun from above but also fried from down below. Notorious drug lord Pablo Escobar reportedly offered to pay Colombia’s national debt of $10bn to improve his reputation and escape the crosshairs of justice. Colombia’s history dates back to hundreds of years. Uribe AdministrationAlvaro Uribe, an independent, was elected president in May 2002 on a platform to restore security to the country. Strange yet real fun facts about Colombia We have only four Fun Facts about Colombia . Among his promises was to continue to pursue the broad goals of Plan Colombia within the framework of a long-term security strategy. Along the way, we learnt many interesting facts about Colombia – we share our favourites below. The government has made great strides in recent years to secure peace with revolutionaries, minimize crime, and protect its strong democratic institutions and the country boasts at growing economy. People living in Colombia are called Colombian. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. An important city during the colonial era, it was the seat of the Viceroy of New Granada. These groups also experienced large-scale depopulation due to disease, as happened elsewhere. A hotline at 877-FYI-TRIP (877-394-8747) and a web site at http://www.cdc.gov/travel/index.htm give the most recent health advisories, immunization recommendations or requirements, and advice on food and drinking water safety for regions and countries. Here are 10 facts about Colombian refugees. Other Contact InformationU.S. 37. Pastrana used the plan to undercut drug production and prevent guerrilla groups from benefiting from drug sales. There is archaeological evidence of the existence of pottery in Colombia earlier than anywhere else in the Americas. The theme of most children’s games, El Dorado, is actually a mythical city in ancient Colombia. 24. These people are little known internationally because they left few enduring monuments. Escobar founded his Cartel at Medellin, Colombia. 41. Guerrillas and paramilitary groups also entered into drug trafficking as a way to finance their military operations. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. A constitutional amendment approved in 2005 allows the president to hold office for two consecutive 4-year terms. Ferronickel production decreased from 116 million pounds in 2005 to 112.7 million pounds in 2006. A similar tax to be imposed from 2007-2011 is expected to raise up to $3.6 billion. In Aug. 2000, the U.S. government approved “Plan Colombia,” pledging $1.3 billion to fight drug trafficking. There are two major organizations in Colombia these days. 1. In 1538 they established the colony of New Granada, the area's name until 1861. The only activities closed to foreign direct investment are defense and national security, and disposal of hazardous wastes. After a 14-year struggle, during which time Simón Bolívar's Venezuelan troops won the battle of Boyacá in Colombia on Aug. 7, 1819, independence was attained in 1824. As with most other Spanish conquests in the Americas, the Spanish conquistadors exploited local rivalries and tensions to their advantage; in the case of the New Granada colony, they forged alliances with competitors to the Muisca Confederation. Spain, which looted them in the first place, has demanded the money back in an international dispute. Archeologists estimate that humans settled in Colombia some 20,000 years ago. 2. http://www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/Travel/International.shtml, This List of Favorite Islands will Make You Remember Why You Loved Poptropica So Much. U.S. exports to Colombia in 2006 were $6.9 billion, up 13.2% from the previous year. In 2006, gas reserves totaled 7,349 billion cubic feet. ), Fixed Lines: 7,115,984, 15 per 100 residents (2016 est. But it was Alonso de Ojeda the first to do an exploration in the area of Gulf of Darién. The Marxist-inspired FARC—the largest rebel group in Latin America—has been waging guerilla wars against the Colombian government for 40 years. Industry and Agriculture The most industrially diverse member of the five-nation Andean Community, Colombia has four major industrial centers--Bogota, Medellin, Cali and Barranquilla--each located in a distinct geographical region. There is so much to this country. When the Spanish came to conquer South America, their foreign European diseases killed most native people, even before any war. The following year, Colombia lost its claims to Panama because it refused to ratify the lease to the United States of the Canal Zone. Coffee is gulped down like water. Colombia is comprised of many regional cultures.Many of the indigenous groups of Colombia have embraced the Spanish cultural influences. )Government Revenues: 27.7% of GDP (2017 est. Colombia's major exports are petroleum, coffee, coal, nickel, and nontraditional exports (e.g., cut flowers, gold, bananas, semiprecious stones, sugar, and tropical fruits). Principal U.S. Embassy OfficialsAmbassador-- William R. BrownfieldDeputy Chief of Mission--Brian NicholsPolitical Counselor--John S. CreamerEconomic Counselor--Lawrence J. GumbinerConsul General--David Meron (Acting)Commercial Counselor--Margaret Hanson-MuseManagement Counselor--Kathleen HodaiMilitary Group Commander--COL Kevin D. SaderupNarcotics Affairs Section Director--Perry HollowayDefense Attache--COL Mark WilkinPublic Affairs Officer--Mark WentworthRegional Security Office--Michael PoehlitzUSAID Director--Liliana Ayalde. In congressional elections in March 2006, the three leading pro-Uribe parties (National Unity, Conservative Party, and Radical Change) won clear majorities in both houses of Congress. By 1989, homicide had become the leading cause of death in the nation. Agricultural Products: Coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; shrimp; forest products.Major Industries: Textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds. Travelers can check the latest health information with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia. and the two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca people, and they were both ruled by a chief. 1. Interesting facts about Medellin Colombia. In the early 2000s the government pass legislation encouraging the development of the country's film industry. The Department of State encourages all U.S citizens traveling or residing abroad to register via the State Department's travel registration website or at the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate abroad. The Uribe government offered to negotiate a peace agreement with these groups with the condition that they agree to a unilateral cease fire and to end drug trafficking and kidnapping. Transition from a highly regulated economy has been underway for more than 15 years. Imperialism and Class Struggle in Colombia Oliver Villar. Santa Fe de Bogota was founded in 1538 and, in 1717, became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Granada, which included what are now Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama. ), Nationality/Demonym: Colombian (Colombiano/a), Ethnicity/race: mestizo and white 84.2%, Afro-Colombian (includes mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 10.4%, Amerindian 3.4%, Romani <.01, unspecified 2.1% (2005 Census est. The nine eastern lowlands departments, constituting about 54% of Colombia's area, have less than 3% of the population and a density of less than one person per square kilometer (two persons per sq. Although they shipped 840,000 tonnes of it to other countries in 2015. An upsurge in violence accompanied his inauguration, and Uribe declared a state of emergency within a week. 23. It is mandatory for radio and public television in Colombia to play the national anthem every day at 6 am and 6 pm. 1. Colombian women are very edgy about their curves. 25. Since neither had a majority, a run-off election was held the following month. Combination of state-owned and privately owned broadcast media provide service; more than 500 radio stations and many national, regional, and local TV stations (2007). 10. With independence in 1819, Bogotá became the capital of the Gran Colombia, and -subsequently- of the Republic of Colombia. After a year, Camilo Torres Tenorio of New Granada wrote repeated Spanish offenses against Creoles (natives born from Spanish descent) in his Remembrance of Offenses or Memorial de Agravios. In the 1970s and 1980s, Colombia became one of the international centers for illegal drug production and trafficking, and at times the drug cartels (the Medellin and Cali cartels were the most notorious) virtually controlled the country. This is because Colombia... 3. Since 2003, the right-wing paramilitary group AUC has been involved in peace talks with the government, but despite demobilizing 4,000 troops, the vigilante group seemed as vigorous as ever in 2005. The Muisca capital was a prosperous town called Muequetá. In January 2007, Colombian leaders presented a new strategy to consolidate and build on progress under Plan Colombia, called the "Strategy to Strengthen Democracy and Social Development." 47-51Bogota, Colombia(tel: (571) 315-0811; fax: (571) 315-2197).The mailing address is APO AA 34038. Colombia has over 2,000 miles of … Capital Facts for Bogotá, Colombia September 22, 2020 by Danny Metrics Bogotá flag Located near the center of South America’s second-most populous nation, Bogotá (officially Bogotá, D.C.) is the capital city of the Republic of Colombia. 1586-12-03 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia Attacks conducted by illegally armed groups against rural towns decreased by 91% from 2002 to 2005. Oatmeal is not a breakfast cereal, but a juicing material. In December 2003, the Colombian Self-Defense Forces (AUC) paramilitary group entered into a peace agreement with the government that has led to the collective demobilization of over 31,000 AUC members. Refugees: 182,529 (Venezuela) (economic and political crisis; includes Venezuelans who have claimed asylum or have received alternative legal stay) (2018).Internally Displaced Persons: 7,708,465 (conflict between government and illegal armed groups and drug traffickers since 1985; about 300,000 new IDPs each year since 2000) (2018).Stateless Persons: 11 (2016). Interesting facts about Colombia. The condor signifies liberty as well as sovereignty, the yellow symbolizes the natural riches of the country while the red symbolizes the bloodshed in the war for independence. 33. Can you believe that Colombian art history has been evolving for 3,000 years? Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. All Colombians speak Spanish except for certain populations that live in the Amazonian basin. Here, for an unknown, weird reason, people put blocks of salty cheese into their coffee when they are finished drinking it, and eat the mushy blobs of coffee soaked cheese. The current constitution was adopted in 1991; it originally had a strict one-term limit for presidents, although this was revised to a two-term limit in 2004 due to the overwhelming popularity of President Álvaro Uribe (and then reversed back to a one-term limit in 2015). Strange yet real fun facts about Colombia We have only four Fun Facts about Colombia . By 2006, the United States had invested $4 billion into Plan Colombia, the joint U.S.-Colombia coca antinarcotics plan begun in 2000. Economic growth and a reduction in paramilitary violence were believed to be responsible for his landslide reelection. Indications that hunter-gatherer societies lived in Colombia in around 1200 BC has been discovered near Bogota (at El Arbra and Tequendama) however evidence of human habitation of South America has been dated as far back as 43, 000 BC. Colombia is presently the 16th-greatest coal producing country, accounting for about 1% of the world's total annual coal production, and the largest producer in Latin America (65.8 million tons in 2006). Colombia is known for its diverse landscape of tropical beaches, dense rainforests and towering mountains. Colombia Ancient History. )Major Exports: Petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, and apparel.Export Partners: US 33.5%, Panama 6.3% (2016). The umbrella group for these paramilitaries is the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC). It’s ColOmbia, and not ColUmbia. Colombia is the third largest exporter of coffee in the world after Brazil and Vietnam. 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