Production includes the provision of services that are consumed. This economic shift is important to understand from a sociological standpoint because it impacts the proportion of the pop… These services require other theoretical knowledge and practical training. Transport is a service or facility by which persons, manufactured goods, and property are physically carried from one location to another. “Tourism is highly labour intensive activity of unique kind in the world.” Support this statement with examples. Define Quinary activity. This involves work that conceives, creates, interprets, organizes, directs and transmits with the help and support of scientific and technical knowledge. Which one of the following statements is not true? On such example of informal service is Mumbai’s dabbawalas. Home-stay has emerged as a profitable business such as heritage homes in Goa, Madikere and Coorg in Karnataka. They are vital for advertising and entertainment. There is an increase in international trade of services. (c) Retail and Wholesale Trading Services Write a note on the Quinary activities & their importance in today’s world. Question 5. It may be in an office, sailing boat, flying plane and virtually anywhere. The professions of the people working in this industry are generally referred to as "gold collar" professions since the services ... 2. Rural marketing centers cater to nearby settlements, these are semi urban centers of rudimentary type and act as local collecting and distributing centers. What is the typical characteristic of urban marketing centre? Which one of the following sectors provides most of the employment in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata? (CBSE 2006, 07) It has not made much progress. It belongs to service sector that is knowledge oriented and can also be outsourced. Routes depend on: location of cities, towns, villages, industrial centres and raw materials, pattern of trade between them, nature of the landscape between them, type of climate, and funds available for overcoming obstacles along the length of the route. What do you mean by isochrone lines? Which countries are gaining from Medical Tourism? Answer: Question 2. There are wide ranging economic, political and social differences among countries. The warmer places around the Mediterranean Coast and the West Coast of India are some of the popular tourist destinations in the world. Define tertiary activity. Departmental stores: Departmental stores are large retail establishments which have large collection of variety of goods, all organised under specific department heads. Answer: These are intellectual occupations whose task is to think research and develop ideas. Culture and Economy: These attract tourists with a penchant for experiencing ethnic and local custom. Characteristics of quaternary activities: 1. 2017) (a) Primary Quinary Economic Activity. Explain any three points. (CBSE 2005, 12, 13) (iv) (b) Catching Fish History and Art: The history and art of an area have potential attractiveness. (ii) It is outsourcing of business activities such as customer care. All these regions benefited from tourism through the development of infrastructure industries, retail trading, craft industries in their respective regions. Cyberspace exists everywhere. What is digital divide? More significant in recent years has been the expansion in air transport. Answer: Answer the following questions in about 30 words: Question 2. (b) Secondary Discuss the significance and growth of the service sector in modern economic development. (CBSE 2004,05,06,07) (ii) It has made a great progress due to improvement in technology. What are the types of tertiary activities? Question 2. Write a note on trading centers of the world? ii) Rural centres are mos,tly rudimentary type. Tertiary activities include all kinds of services provided to people such as education, health, trade and transport. Exchange, involves trade, transport and communication facilities that are used to overcome distance. Quaternary activities Question 7. It includes small shops, consumer cooperatives, chain stores, departmental stores. Question 10. Transport is a service or facility by which people, materials and manufactured goods are physically carried,from one location to another. Teacher, lawyers, physicians, musicians and others perform mental labour. (iv) It includes radio, television, newspapers, etc. (v) Examples: research and development (R and D) activities, e-learning, business research, intellectual property (IP), research, legal profession and the banking sector. Answer: Explain retail-trading service. They provide services like transport, accommodation, entertainment and other services. Question 4. (b) Catching Fish, Question 1. Differentiate the following: Retail trading is the business activity concerned with the sale of goods directly to the consumers. Answer: (ii) Urban centres offer specialised services. Chain Stores: These are retail stores owned by a single firm and spread over vast geographical areas across nation or worldwide. In order to understand the similarities between the two, let us first look at their features: Why does it vary inter-country and intra country? A distinct feature of this kind of retail establishment is the organizing of separate departments, under same roof to facilitate buying, customer service, merchandising and control. The three characteristics of quaternary activities are as follows: Quaternary activities centre around research and development and may be seen as an advanced form of services involving specialised knowledge and technical skills. It is very difficult to measure the output of tertiary activity though they can be measured indirectly in terms of wages and salaries. Give any two examples of ‘quaternary activities’. In most of the advanced countries, the quaternary activities engage a small but growing proportion of population. Question 2. Answer: (iv) Retailers generally do not give credit to their customers. People engaged in secondary activities are called blue collar workers. Answer: Opportunities emerging from the Information and Communication Technology based development is unevenly distributed across the globe. Communication services involve the transmission of words and messages, facts and ideas. Quinary activities. Demand: Since the last century, the demand for holidays has increased rapidly. (ii) They involve the production of tangible goods. Primary activities (i) It is concerned with intangible output and includes a large diversity of services. Medical tourism brings huge benefits to the developing countries like India, Thailand. Their importance in the structure of advanced economies far outweighs their numbers. Tertiary jobs = White collar jobs. Which one of the following activities is related to quaternary sector? Secondary activities add value to natural resources by transforming raw materials into valuable products. Wholesale trading constitutes bulk business through numerous intermediary merchants and supply houses and not through retail stores. (CBSE 2018) Answer: When medical treatment is associated with international tourism activities, it lends itself to what is commonly stated as medical tourism. The information technology acts as a boon in the development of quaternary activities in the following ways: Question 3. Quinary activities are services that focus on the creation, rearrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas; data interpretation and the use and evaluation of new technologies. Answer: NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Basically this activity is a activity of Service. Quinary Sector of Industry: Definition & Examples ... Population Characteristics of Highly Developed & Developing Countries 9:10 ... What is an example of quaternary economic activity? Question 6. Quaternary activities are developed form of services. For example, air travel allows one to travel anywhere in the world in a few hours of flying time from their homes. Its process comprises of scientific approaches. (iii) The foundation of this type … (i) It stands for Business Processing Outsourcing. 2. It has become the world’s single largest tertiaiy activity in total registered jobs (250 million) and total revenue (40 per cent of the total GDP). Quaternary Economy. The outputs are the end product and the income earned from it. Transportation is also essential for defence purpose. (c) Quaternary Answer: (i) Define Quaternary activity. (d) Hunting Quaternary activities are specialized tertairy activities in the ‘Knowledge Sector’ which demands a separate classification. The internet has truly revolutionized the global communication system. Arts, entertainment, and recreation. Question 4. (iv) Quinary activities, these are activities that are done by top executive or officials in such a field as government. Climate: Most people from colder regions expect to have warm, sunny weather for beach holidays. The examples of such activities may be: a housewife working at home, a person engaged in social work, attending a religious activity, listening to a discourse by a saint, attending to accident victims by volunteers etc. Food production has many sections and it starts with basic things like cleaning, packing, s… quaternary economic activities. (a) Farming Newspapers are able to cover events from all corners of the world. (iii) They are not directly involved in the processing of physical raw materials, (iii) They are directly involved in the processing of physical raw materials. Telecommunication is generally distance communication and it’s use is directly linked to the development of modem technology. All types of services are special skills provided in exchange of payments. The output is the shirt you wear. (CBSE 2011) Like some of the tertiary functions, quaternary activities can also be outsourced. Some of them are: raw material, land, water, labor, capital, power, transport, and market. Explain the scope of medical services for the overseas patients in India. Some are geared to industry, some to people; and some to both industry and people, e.g. (CBSE 2018) Trading centers are the towns and cities where buying and selling of items take place, which were produced elsewhere. Question 2. Major components of the service sectors: Question 3. Answer: Why do some countries outsource their work? Features of Quaternary Activities: Question 6. Jobs that involve high degrees and level of innovations are known as: The following are examples of industries that are considered … “Outsourcing has resulted in opening up a large number of job opportunities in several countries”. Tertiary activities include both production and exchange. Question 8. Question 8. Which one of the following is a tertiary activity? As a country develops, more and more people shift to tertiary activities and the share of tertiary activities in the GDP is even faster. Services occur at many different levels. Tourism fosters the growth of infra¬structure industries, retail trading and craft industry. Tertiary activities involve the commercial output of services rather than the production of tangible goods. An industrial system consists of inputs, processes, and outputs. Their importance in the structure of advanced economies far outweighs their numbers.The highest level of decision makers or policy makers perform quinary activities. What are trading centres? Often referred to as ‘gold collar’ professions, they represent another subdivision of the tertiary sector representing special and highly paid skills of senior business executives, government officials, research scientists, financial and legal consultants, etc. Quick and well developed means of transport have enabled industries to be located in any comer of the country. For example the gardener, the launderers and the barber do primarily physical labour. Question 3. This is one of the main reasons for the importance of tourism in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean lands. (i) This is the business activity concerned with the bulk selling of goods through merchants and the supply-houses. activities concerned with information and the exchange of money or goods. Outsourcing is coming to those countries where cheap and skilled workers are available like India, China, Eastern Europe, Israel, Philippines and Costa Rica: Outsourcing countries are facing resistance from job-seeking youths in their respective countries. (b) Trading, Question 1. (iii) The KPO industry involves more high skilled workers. With examples, explain retail trading service. Answer: They are formed of nodes and links. In developing countries, the use of cell phones, made possible by satellites, is important for rural connectivity. Answer: Explain with examples the significance of service sector in modern economic development of the world. Answer: The three characteristics of quaternary activities are as follows-This is a specialized and complex category of activities which is mainly concerned with knowledge such as education, information and development. As billions use the Internet each year, cyberspace will expand the contemporary economic and social space of humans through e-mail, e-commerce, e-learning and e-governance. Food production, as the name suggests, is all about preparing food, in which raw materials are converted into ready-made food products for human use either in the home or in the food processing industries. Advanced services like finance, insurance, information gathering, management of information services, research and development now form the core of all economic activities. CONTENTS 1) Economic Activities 2) Non Economic Activities 3) Objectives 4) Characteristics 5) Parts of Economic Activities 6) Types/Classification Of Economic Activities 7) Sectors Of Economic Activities. Answer:. The quinary sector is the top economic sector. While developed countries in general have surged forward, the developing countries have lagged behind and this is known as the digital divide. (d) Primary activities The reasons responsible for this are as follows: Question 4. People visit ancient or picturesque towns and archaeological sites, and enjoy exploring castles, palaces and churches. Why is India a popular tourist destination in the world? (CBSE 2018) Urban trading centers provide specialized services, along with the ordinary goods and services required by the people. Question 4. The primary activities are those belonging to the sector of the economy that makes direct use of the natural resources . At every stage in this complex system, the value of the material is significantly enhanced by transportation. are linked together to form a network. Tourism is highly labour intensive activity of unique kind in the world. In the case of the textile industry, the inputs may be cotton, human labor, factory and transport cost. (c) Weaving Often referred to as ‘gold collar’ professions, they represent another subdivision of the tertiary sector representing special and highly paid skills of senior business executives, government officials, research scientists, financial and legal consultants, etc. (d) There may be dissatisfaction among job seekers in the countries that outsource the job. The Quinary … Low-order services, such as grocery, shops and laundries, are more common and widespread than high-order services or more specialized ones like those of accountants, consultants and physicians. Therefore, all lines of transport are also called lines of communication. (b) Trading Define consumer cooperative, departmental stores & chain stores. Urban marketing centres have widely specialised urban services providing ordinary goods and services to specialized goods as per the demand. (a) Outsourcing reduces costs and increases efficiency Many local persons are employed to provide services like accommodation, meals, transport, entertainment and special shops serving the tourists. Tertiary activities These activities include think, research and develop ideas. Explain it with four suitable examples. The production involves the ‘provision’ of services that are ‘consumed. How quickly countries can provide ICT access and benefits to its citizens is the deciding factor. Answer: Service sector is well developed in regions where there is high technological and educational know how. Others include winter sports regions, found mainly in mountainous areas, and various scenic landscapes and national parks, which are scattered. What is retail service? Quaternary activities centre around research, development and may be seen as an advanced form of services involving specialised knowledge, technical skills, and administrative competence. (c) BPOs have better business opportunities as compared to KPOs. Question 11. Higher services under tertiary activities are again classified into quaternary and quinary activities. It is advantageous to patients as it provides better quality and specialized care. Health care and social assistance such as offices of physicians, outpatient care centers, and medical and diagnostic laboratories. What is outsourcing? Answer: Question 6. Retail trading also takes place through specialized stores like cooperative stores, departmental stores and chain stores. Quaternary activities basically refer to the more intellectual occupations, whose task is to think, research and development. Answer: Answer: Demand for transport is influenced by the size of population. India has emerged as a leading center with world class hospitals in the metro cities. How tourism has become the single largest tertiary activity? (c) BPOs have better business opportunities as compared to KPOs. (d) Printing books Answer: (c) University teaching Answer: Answer: Also overhead costs are much lower, making it all the more profitable. For example, in Africa livestock farming is much more important than i… Question 5. Specialized service of lawyers, doctors, veterinary services, consultants of different professions are also available. Answer: Services are provided to individual consumers who can afford to pay for them. It does not involved in material production and stand in contrast to manufacturingindustries which produce goods of different varieties. Most of the retail trading takes place in fixed establishments or stores solely devoted to selling. Digital divide is the difference in opportunities available to people at different places arising because of differential availability of information and communication infrastructure. Explain the importance of service sector in the economic development of a country by giving three suitable examples from the parts of the world. (Delhi 2009) Answer: Other articles where Quinary number system is discussed: numerals and numeral systems: Number bases: The quinary scale, or number system with base five, is very old, but in pure form it seems to be used at present only by speakers of Saraveca, a South American Arawakan language; elsewhere it is combined with the decimal or … Quinary definition is - consisting of five : arranged by fives : quintuple. Evaluate the importance of ‘quaternary activities ’. People taking winter holidays have specific climatic requirements, either higher temperatures than their own homelands, or snow cover suitable for skiing. Therefore service sector is a major contributor in the modern economic development. They are not tied to resources, affected by the environment, or necessarily localised by market. 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