Answer: Question 8. In which book did Rousseau mention the idea of one person, one vote? He believed in the Divine Right Theory of Kings. Robespierre’s government issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices. Shortly before his death, Louis XV supported his chancellor Rene Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou in his efforts to limit the power of the parlement which blocked the fiscal reforms but his successor, Louis XVI (1774-1793) halted the process and restored the power of the parlement. Emergence of middle class and their belief gave last blow to monarchy rule in France. How did philosophers influence the thinking of the people of France? (ii) On 20 June, representatives of the third estate led by Mirabeau and Abbé Sieyès, assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles. In the famous book, “The Social Contract”, he proved that the government was the result of a social contract between the people on the one hand, and ruler on the other. Battle of Waterloo. Who was Robespierre? “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. The war added more than a billion livers to a dept that had already risen to more than 2 billion livres. This was to set themselves apart from the fashionable sections of society, especially nobles, who wore knees breeches. (ii) Different Clothes: A large group among the Jacobins decided to start wearing long striped trousers similar to those worn by dock workers. The French Monarchy of 18th century was very different from the British Monarchy. Answer: Society of Revolutionary Republican women. A proper system of centralized planning was introduced with the help of five year plans. Working women had also to take care of their families. Question 7. (i) Assembly of the Estates: On 5th May, 1789 Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. [HOTS ] (iv) Storming the King’s Palace: In the summer of 1792 the Jacobins planned an insurrection of a large number of Parisians who were angered by the short supplies and high prices of food. All the written materials and cultural activities could be published or performed only after an approval from the king. The nation had gone into deep dept because of the fighting in the Seven Years War (1756-1763) and the Revolutionary War in America under Louis XVI. Which class of society in France was behind the French Revolution? The land owning classes and the bourgeois emerged as the dominant power. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. Louis XVI, 1754–93, king of France (1774–92), third son of the dauphin (Louis) and Marie Josèphe of Saxony, grandson and successor of King Louis XV. (ii) Due to fear, peasants in several districts seized hoes and pitchforks and attacked chateaux. (iii) Mirabeau brought out a journal and delivered powerful speeches to the crowds assembled at Versailles. Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of Jacobin Club. 8. What was tithes? This dynasty continued ruling France in the centuries that followed. The reality of royal government, however, was somewhat different. They infused people with the idea of liberty, equality and fraternity. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. He is best known for contributing to the decline of royal authority that led to the French Revolution in 1789. So if the ruler did not fulfil the contract, the people had the right to withdraw their loyalty to him, and bring down the tyranny of the ruler, by revolting. On 21st September, 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France as a republic. Rousseau carried the idea forward, proposing a form of government based on a social contract between people and their representatives. 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