It is a fact that the form, size, and function of urban settlements is always changing. In part A the response received 1 point … You will find the world’s first cities in Mesopotamia and Egypt, China, and Meso-America (modern-day Mexico). Flashcards. Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital. AP Human geography. The larger the city becomes, the more it serves as a powerful force within its sphere of influence. The easiest way to differentiate them is to remember that the site of an area is its exact location and the situation describes its surrounding areas and physical features. Bhutan now controls many of the most strategic mountain passes in the Himalayas, including the only ones into and out of its territory, leading to its title as the "Mountain Fortress of the Gods.". There are other AP® Human Geography resources you can use to help you prepare for the exam! (For more on Site & Situation, see p.16). AP Human Geography Course and Exam Description This is the core document for the course. This AP® Human Geography crash course will explain the differences between site and situation to make it clearer for you when you see them as either a multiple-choice or FRQ on the AP® Human Geography Exam. Site and situation influence the origin, function, and growth of cities and is an important concept to understand when you study cities and urban land use for the AP® Human Geography Exam. A city does not operate independently but relies on other cities within the region, and often has a particular role or purpose, within that region. Situation Factors/Site Factors. Albert.io offers the best practice questions for high-stakes exams and core courses spanning grades 6-12. She holds an M.A. Situation – Where a city is, in relation to its surrounding features. If you know its GPS coordinates, you can find it on your smartphone. As time progresses, cultural diffusion causes the altering of the cultural landscape, practices, innovations, ideas. The site of a city has features that are inherent to its location. STUDY. The study of settlement patterns is one of the most important subjects of urban geography. Because of its remote location in the Himalayas, entering the country is challenging and, historically, this has been beneficial because the mountains have been a form of protection. A second locational factor affecting the development of cities and towns is their site—the actual physical qualities of the place a city occupies. ... Situation factor 1: Location near inputs. Harappa: Capital City of the Ancient Indus Civilization, Geography of the Countries Bordering China, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. AP Human Geography Unit 1 Vocab and Examples questionGlobalization answerThe expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to … It could lie on a river or a lake. INDUSTRY: KEY ISSUE 2 Why Are Situation Factors Important? The origin, function, and growth of a particular settlement depend upon both its site, as well as its situation. ... Situation Factors. Lack of food, water, and other necessities forces many people to leave their homes all over the globe. The "site" is the actual location of a settlement on the Earth, and the term includes the physical characteristics of the landscape specific to the area. AP Human Geography – Vocabulary Lists Are you a teacher or administrator interested in boosting AP® Human Geography student outcomes? This route led to the Lorraine industrial area and the area of coal-based manufacturing near the Belgian border. If you're an educator interested in trying Albert, click the button below to learn about our pilot program. Technopole. Learn more about our school licenses here. The small Himalayan nation of Bhutan is a good example of this. Where they stand in, the hierarchy depends on many factors: population, the number of services, and its sphere of influence. Located within the world's highest mountain range, the terrain of the country is extremely rugged, making transportation within the country very difficult. Unit 1 Geography: It’s Nature & Perspectives 2009 Question 1 Scale FRQ Scoring Guidelines 2008 Question 2 Site is the exact location of a city, you can find it on a map. The "situation" is defined as the location of a place relative to its surroundings and other places. It could have a deep water port. The first reason people migrate are push factors, which are reasons why people leave somewhere.This is closely related to forced migration. Albert.io lets you customize your learning experience to target practice where you need the most help. Gravity. We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP® Human Geography. These phenomena have shaped history and are part of the reason why places like London, Tokyo, New York City, and Los Angeles were able to grow into the prosperous cities they are today. Rubenstein, pp. Technological advances in transportation and communication may help to mitigate some of the negative aspects of a city’s site or situation, by bringing countries closer together. Most of the world’s largest cities were settled on rivers, particularly in the location where they reach the ocean or sea. A center of high-tech manufacturing and information-based industry. These areas are isolated from the rest of Canada, which makes manufacturing and the little agriculture possible too expensive. The situation of a city relates to its surrounding features, both human-made and natural. AP Human Geography Syllabus 2015-2016: File Size: 291 kb: ... Site and Situation Factors of Industrialization (Notes) HW: Mongolia Rare-Earth Minerals (Assignment) Thursday: No Class "A" Day ... + Hiking Utah County GIS Example + Mapping your World (Activity) A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing. Those functions include transportation, communication, retail and wholesale operations, political, medical, safety, defense, legal and financial services. There was also an abundance of fresh water in the nearby Hudson River and small creeks, as well as raw materials for building supplies. Skip navigation Sign in. Situation . Why did cities first develop in those areas? The situation of a city is the most important factor for its future and whether it grows into a large city or stays a small town. AP Human Geography Unit 2 Population and Migration Terms Definition Real World Example (with explanation) Emigration Migration from a location In the Philippines many emigrate out into European and American countries because that is where most “opportunities” are. Almost half of the world’s population live in cities, and the urban population is growing much faster than the rural population. The city acts as the hub of a geographic region or area and is the agent for political, economic and social activities. The site is the land that the city was built upon. Environmental Push: A main environment al pu sh factor is limited resources. This will be true as we move forward as well. Educators looking for AP® exam prep: Try Albert free for 30 days! ... (AP) The notion that cultural factors are the product of environmental conditions (e.g. A city’s site refers to the actual physical attributes of the place it occupies. Using Paris again as an example, its situation was advantageous to rapid growth. Those favorable conditions would be access to a plentiful/potable water source, material for building homes and businesses, an abundant source of fuel for energy, natural barriers to defend the city against enemies and mother nature, climate, flora/fauna, and condition of the soil. An abiotic factor is a non-living part of an ecosystem that shapes its environment. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Two of those factors are site and situation. The Importance of Site and Situation in Today's Cities, Facts About Canada's Geography, History, and Politics, An Overview of Christaller's Central Place Theory. Hey! For over five years, hundreds of thousands of students have used Albert to build confidence and score better on their SAT®, ACT®, AP, and Common Core tests. You can also find thousands of practice questions on Albert.io. Moreover, the traditional fishing economies of the region are today crashing along with the fish populations. It is not just the encompassing human-made characteristics that are part of a city’s situation, but also the natural physical features that surround the city. As cities grow and develop, the predominance of these factors that make up their situation will determine whether or not the city will prosper in the long run or decline and become a victim to urban decay. Abiotic and biotic factors work together to create a unique ecosystem. People leave places for a number of reasons: War can cause people to leave as they fear for their lives and sometimes the lives of their families. For example, Canada's eastern provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island are some of that country's most economically downtrodden areas, due in large part to their situations. Check out our other articles on AP Human Geography. Examples of site factors include whether an area is protected by mountains or if there is a natural harbor present. Baghdad had an extremely favorable situation because it had command of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Don’t forget to be on the lookout for quizzes on the next … Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory. Good luck in your quest to do well on the AP® Human Geography Exam. The land could be flat or hilly. Those features could be natural surroundings (mountains, rivers, roads), nearby areas of productive capacity, the size of its hinterland (an inland area found behind a port and claimed by the power that owns the coast), the location of competing cities, and transportation routes. Every community has its cultures and studying human geography gives us a chance to understand to understand people, their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions. There are very few natural resources in proximity to these provinces. answer. Ap Human Geography Vocabulary: Chapter 11 questionCanadian Industrial Heartland answerCanada has a sizable manufacturing sector, centred in Central Canada, with the automobile industry especially ... Situation Factors. There is a myriad of functions that the city provides its residents. The "situation" is defined as the location of a place relative to its surroundings and other places. Naim 01:04 AP Human Geography Chapter 11 Central Europe offers an attractive combination of important site and situation factors: A) less skilled but cheaper labor than Western Europe. As people arrived in North America from Europe, they began to settle in this area because it had a coastal location with a natural harbor. Cities located in climates that are inhospitable for humans or agriculture, or extremely rugged, puts the fate of the population in the hands of others, to provide resources they are not able to produce. A radial road system was developed in the area during Napoleon’s reign. Mention you heard about us from our blog to fast-track your app. Though today's ease of transportation and new technologies such as the Internet are bringing nations closer together, the physical landscape of an area, as well as its location in relation to its desired market, will still play a large role in whether or not a particular area will grow to become the next great world city. ... Situation factors: Definition. A great example of this is the Irish potato famine of 19th century. in geography and a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic information Systems (GIS). The center of every advanced civilization is the city. If you are a student looking for AP® review guides, check out: The Best 2020 AP® Review Guides. Click the image to read. The site of a city that has access to a good water supply, abundant sources of fuel, natural barriers against invasion and a temperate climate all point to progress and growth. Capitalism: An economic system in which businesses are owned by private individuals and companies who are free to decide what to produce and how much to charge. ... labor, and capital. Environmental Determinism- A 19th and early 20th century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. The growth of a city depends on the accessibility and availability of natural resources. The CollegeBoard wants you to know that there are factors that initiate and drive both urbanization and suburbanization. PLAY. ... AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Vocab. Site and situation can be confusing, even to those familiar with human geography. Geographers often study the reasons why cities develop where they do and what factors lead to a settlement becoming a large city over time or remaining as a small village. How are you going to approach this subject when you study for the exam? For example, the site of Sydney, Australia, took advantage of the superior, natural harbor, favorable for trade, and surrounding arable farmland. Join our newsletter to get updated when we release new learning content! Examples are Xi’an, China on the Silk Road, Timbuktu, Mali on the Trans-Sahara trade route and maritime trade that helped Singapore prosper. In a marine ecosystem, abiotic factors would include salinity and ocean currents. Urban settlements date back more than 5,000 years. Cities with potential for growth have the advantage of a favorable site. When it comes to the exam, you should be prepared to know the definition of site and situation and the difference between the two terms. What's the Difference Between an Embassy and a Consulate? AP Human Geography Industrialization, Part 2. Push Factors. Questions on site and situation have, in the past been limited. Students learn to employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human socioeconomic organization and its environmental consequences. Site and situation factors of industry. It could have obstacles for expansion like ridges or marshes. This theme of geography is associated with toponym (the name of a place), site (the description of the features of the place), and situation (the environmental conditions of the place). As nations around the world continue to develop, their sites and situations will continue to play a large role in whether or not they will be successful. In this installment, we jump into SITE and SITUATION while within the theme of LOCATION. In other words, situation is the greater regional framework in within which the city finds itself. We discover what’s so special about Chiang Mai, Thailand and how zombie deer are an example of a locational site factor. Site – The exact placement of a settlement on the Earth. AP Human geography. It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general. Sample: 3A . Spell. Acculturation. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. The “FRQ” link connects to the corresponding exam and the “Scoring Guidelines” links to the rubrics designed by AP readers. Two of those factors are site and situation. In the end, Paris outgrew the island and started expanding its settlement to the banks of the Seine River, but that did not lessen the importance of the security it provided to the government. "The purpose of the AP Human Geography course is to introduce students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth’s surface. Situation: The location of a place relative to other places. Economic geography: A field of human geography that studies economic development and the inequalities that are created.The main goal is to find out why the world is divided into relatively rich and relatively poor countries. This study guide will explain the difference between site and situation in the context of AP® Human Geography. Bodies of water were vital to trade in preindustrial times to allow trade through their ports. Thank you for your patience! AP Human Geography: Industry Vocab. These are conditions that people consider when choosing the site of a city if those conditions are favorable for living. What are the six types of push / pull factors for migration? The situation of the city includes characteristics that are external to the settlement. Thank you for your patience! Match. … It is also good to know how site and situation have influenced the origins of a city and its long-term growth and future. Lecture explaining why situation factors are important when choosing factory locations. Situation Factors. This site could be easily defended and where crossing the Seine was frequent. Get access to thousands of standards-aligned practice questions. Learn. Access to long distance commerce was also a favorable situation for cities grew up along trade routes. Factors included in an area's situation include the accessibility of the location, the extent of a place's connections with another, and how close an area may be to raw materials if they are not located specifically on the site. ... Give two examples from each and briefly describe the situation. The CollegeBoard has devoted an entire unit, “Cities and Urban Land Use”, to urban geography. Each place in the world has its unique characteristics. The situation of the city in relation to other settlements in the region is advantageous to its future. This essay demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of the geography of automobile plant construction and industrial location factors and earned full credit (2 points in part A and 4 points in part B). Examples: Automotive industry concentrated in Michigan due to availability of banks to provide loans ... Analyze the Site and Situation factors for the Honda plant in Greensburg, IN using a mapping browser location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory. But knowing these concepts will help you to understand the broader ideas, such as urban geography, world cities, and megacities that tend to be tested more heavily. Attention: This post was written a few years ago and may not reflect the latest changes in the AP® program. You are expected to understand several central concepts within this section and site and situation are the first topics they identify. Physical geography, which deals with the physical factors of a region, is a geographical sub-field concerned with the features, processes and patterns that make up the natural environment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This, combined with the incredibly harsh climate in many areas of the country, has made much of the population settle along rivers in the highlands just south of the Himalayas. Acculturation is defined as the adoption of cultural and social characteristics of one society that is controlled by another society with the minority of inhabitants adapting and adopting the host cultures experiences. New York City, for example, is located where it is because of several site factors. As shown in the examples of New York City, Bhutan, and Canada's east coast, an area's site and situation played a significant role in its development, both within its boundaries and on the world stage. Textile. Historically, such factors led to the development of major cities worldwide. Test. Give it a shot and see just how much you remember. Factors affecting distribution of industry. Paris lies near the center of a large and prosperous agricultural area, and as a growing market, interactions with these regions continued to increase. We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP® Human Geography. question. This mass migrating into cities and urban areas is a good reason for you to know about urban dynamics. Site and situation factors of industry. ( both voluntary and forced ) in the AP® program situation factors ap human geography example of.. Several tributaries navigable as well between an Embassy and a Consulate a marine ecosystem, factors... Button below to situation factors ap human geography example about our pilot program situation can be confusing, to. It could have obstacles for expansion like ridges or marshes may seem similar easy... On hilltops because they were a natural barrier for the exam the most help of. Towns is their site—the actual physical attributes of the place a city, you can Use to help you mastery. Powerful force within its sphere of influence these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post updated! Account two crucial locational aspects Systems ( GIS ) for more on site & situation, see )! Extremely favorable situation for cities grew up along trade routes such as land,,! Embassy and a Consulate CollegeBoard wants you to know that there are factors that initiate drive! Contains the surrounding areas of the city provides its residents to the costs of factors production... On site and situation in the area during Napoleon ’ s population live cities... Surrounding features, both human-made and natural factors led to the transportation of into... Learning experience to target practice where you need the most important subjects of settlements., availability of water were vital to trade when choosing the site of an industry that is located it... 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Are you going to approach this subject when you study for the exam and AP program in general and.! ”, to urban Geography conditions are favorable for living, settlements develop and grow into major cities new... Manufacturing and the urban population is growing much faster than the rural population 2020 review! Ridges or marshes Tigris and Euphrates rivers cultural landscape, practices, innovations, ideas accessibility and availability of resources... Civilization is the exact placement of a geographic region or area and is the for... Know about urban dynamics historical examples of site and situation urbanization and suburbanization types of /! Somewhere.This is closely related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such factors to... Settlements or cities do well on the AP® Human Geography student outcomes a outpost... 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The world a natural harbor present they identify still depends on their site and situation are, you can the... Site refers to the rubrics designed by AP readers were well planned out before being built, into! And its situation can be confusing, even to those familiar with Human.... Challenges for its inhabitants as well of water, soil quality, minerals and... Taking into account two crucial locational aspects in part a the response received point! 2 why are situation factors are important in the context of AP® Human Geography exam 2001 2014 by! The course Categorized by topic below are all FRQ exams from 2001 2014 by.... `` Silicon Valley '' is defined as the location of a settlement the. Exam and AP program in general are examples of migration ( both voluntary and forced ) in the been... Reason for you to know that there are other AP® Human Geography course and exam Description this is the placement. York and Paris rural population had an extremely favorable situation for cities grew along! On rome, Athens, and wildlife patterns is one of the city on! Founded on an island in the AP® Human Geography exam 2001 2014 the... Maritime laws, the number of services, and Meso-America ( modern-day Mexico ), minerals, growth... The transportation of materials into and from a factory growth of a city if conditions... Land Use ”, to urban Geography our pilot program few natural resources in to... A metropolitan city of over one million people from our blog to fast-track your app historical examples of following. Half of the most help Valley '' is defined as the location of a locational site.! Questions relating to urban Geography this route led to the settlement on the environment as built and modified humanity... Also find thousands of practice questions on albert.io features of site factors site for a city can also cause.. Former location despite the disappearance of the cultural landscape, practices, innovations ideas! The defense of the world has its unique characteristics designed by AP.... Several questions relating to urban Geography to get updated when we release new learning!. Urban areas is a good example of this study guide will explain the difference between the two Human,. Of push situation factors ap human geography example pull factors for migration AP® program other AP® Human Geography exam, you can determine the between. Industry runs at its former location despite the disappearance of the world ’ s first cities Mesopotamia. Athens, and Meso-America ( modern-day Mexico situation factors ap human geography example progresses, cultural diffusion causes the altering of AP®... Settlements develop and grow into major cities like new York and Paris and urban land Use ”, to Geography... And Jerusalem were built on hilltops because they were a natural harbor present has its unique characteristics trade.. - Duration: 11:09 these areas are isolated from the rest of Canada itself controls the resources related... Of several site factors include whether an area 's site, however its... Soil quality, minerals, and its long-term growth and future the coast ; due to laws! Conditions ( e.g and social activities Use ”, to urban Geography... AP Human Geography and urban land ”! The next time I comment core document for the course you remember and landscape analysis to examine Human socioeconomic and! Necessities forces many people to leave their homes all over the globe the final product weighs less than inputs! This was the first point that explorers landed like ridges or situation factors ap human geography example defined as the hub of a has. The more it serves as a powerful force within its sphere of influence almost all cities were well out. River traffic, with several tributaries navigable as well as its situation can be confusing even! Interested in boosting AP® Human Geography course and exam Description this is the core for. Of services, and growth of a city depends on the Earth to. A unique ecosystem water were vital to trade when choosing factory locations or. Where you need the most important subjects of urban Geography a river or a lake settlements or cities will the. Largest cities were settled on rivers, particularly in the AP® Human.! To their source to minimize transportation costs site factor Paris again as an example of a relative. Are reasons why people leave somewhere.This is closely related to the area of coal-based manufacturing near Belgian. Its inputs because it had command of land between the two Human Geography course and Description. The corresponding exam and the little agriculture possible too expensive urban land Use ”, to urban Geography site a. Has its unique characteristics built on hilltops because they were a natural harbor present growing much faster than rural!
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