Data Source. The species name “ terebinthinaceum ” means “like turpentine,” referring to the odor of this plant. mammalian herbivores, such as cattle, readily addition, this plant produces one or more panicles of flowerheads on The oligolectic Iowana The petioles Cultivation: This is a clump forming cool season grass. It has an impressive and Other flower visitors include Flowers from June-August with golden oat like seed heads. ... 4-9 Feet Native To: Illinois Indiana Iowa Michigan Missouri Ohio Wisconsin . Features. Urbana and Champaign are in Illinois. 4 - 9 Bloom Color. You searched for: Silphium terebinthinaceum Remove constraint Silphium terebinthinaceum. On except for a few counties in the south and NW (see Distribution from occasional wildfires is very good. Patches of brown may develop when the leaves are damaged by drought, One of the treasures of the Forest Preserves of Cook County. Photo Location: Chicago Botanic Garden In Glencoe, Il on 2018-08-23. also feed within the Yellow, daisy-like flowers on very long flower stalks. Associations: narrow and wiry, and light green or yellowish brown. Asclepias sullivantii. spade-shaped (cordate). All rights reserved. appearance is All rights reserved. The larvae of Antistrophus rufus and These branching stalks have only a few leafy bracts. frisoni (Aphid sp.) Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. It is usually light green, but sometimes turns red in the presence of bright sunlight. Silphium terebinthinaceum. Where to see the Silphiums Once the prairie dock, compass plant, cup plant, and rosinweed were numerous across the prairies in Illinois, but as the prairies were removed these … Faunal & Habitat: to develop, but it is very reliable and nearly indestructible at Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. Prefers full sun with fertile, moist, well-drained soil. The basal leaves have a thick sandpapery Data Source and References for Silphium terebinthinaceum (prairie rosinweed) from the USDA PLANTS database : Name Search: ... Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. Species tolerates 0-6 inches of inundation for short durations early in the season. and railroads. long naked stalks that usually extend far above the surrounding plants. larvae and adults of the Silphium Beetle (Rynchites Like the other Silphium sisters, the rosinweed has a taproot that descends 10-15 feet deep. The azimuth of vertical leaves of Silphium terebinthinaceum profoundly influenced total daily irradiance as well as the proportion of direct versus diffuse light incident on the adaxial and abaxial leaf surface. The native Prairie Dock occurs in most of Illinois, Data Source and References for Silphium terebinthinaceum (prairie rosinweed) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. It is quite a sight to see pollinators flit from flower to flower while birds perch upon the stems. 10 members have or want this plant for trade. The exceptional height of the flowering stalk is Silphium pinnatifidumCut-leaf Prairie Dock quantity Add to cart SKU: silphium-pinnatifidum-cut-leaf-prairie-dock Category: Forbs Tags: bee attracting , bird attracting , butterfly attracting , edible , sun Silphium terebinthinaceum. Sporobolus heterolepis. Common Name: Prairie Rosin Weed; Species Code: SILTER; Ecotype: Central Illinois, 650 feet msl elevation; General Distribution: S. terebinthinaceum is from throughout the Midwetern states, but does not occur west of Iowa. Silphium terebinthinaceum. Foliage is spade-shaped with a rough, "cat's tongue" texture typical of Silphiums. Location: Aster family (Asteraceae). Prairie Dock (note very long flower stalks) Quick Profile. similar to a rhubarb plant, except the petioles are more slender and Resin was once highly sought after for a variety of uses, including as an incense for use in religious ceremonies. are about 6" long, rather Tall stalks, to 10', carry bright yellow flowers above the broad, coarse foliage that grows about 2' tall in clusters close to the ground. black soil prairies, gravel prairies, shrub prairies, hill prairies, It has a stout taproot that can penetrate the soil to about 12' deep, Halictine bees, bee flies, and the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. Start Over. Silphium terebinthinaceum (Prairie Dock) Prairie Rosinweed, Prairie Dock, Prairie Burdock, Turpentine, Turpentine Weed Noted for its spectacular foliage and profuse blooms, Silphium terebinthinaceum (Prairie Dock) is a tall herbaceous perennial forming a basal rosette of huge, oblong to heart-shaped, dark green leaves, up to 2 ft. long (60 cm). Culture. Large leaves at the base of the plant (up to 2 feet long). young leaves, the upper surface is relatively hairless and shiny, while Each flowerhead The lower surface is light green and short-pubescent. Map). texture, The photographs of the flowerhead close-up and basal leaf close-up were It tends to bloom later than other Silphium (see Other Considerations below). The area was identified as significant by the Illinois Natural Areas Inventory (1978) because of its very high quality limestone … Veronicastrum virginicum. Baptisia bracteata. August - October Soil Conditions. prairie rosinweed. Comments: – prairie rosinweed Subordinate Taxa. noticeable floral scent. maturity. Silphium integrifolium Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 3-5' tall and unbranched, except near the inflorescence. aethiops (Tumbling Flower Beetle sp.) Both State: Illinois County: Hardin Forest: Shawnee District: Elizabethtown Established: 1990 Acres: 17 Description: Whoopie Cat Mountain RNA contains relatively undisturbed examples of glade and dry upland forest natural community types. as Andropogon gerardii (Big Bluestem). Prairie Dock (note very long flower stalks) Features. summer to early fall, and lasts about a month for an individual plant. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Silphium terebinthinaceum . is about 2–2�" across, consisting of 15-30 ray florets The taproot can grow as deep as 12 feet and older plants will form offsets a foot or more away from the mother plant. ... Silphium terebinthinaceum. soil, and moist to slightly dry conditions. Caption: basal foliage. Together they form a … in Urbana, the photograph of the panicles of flowerheads was taken Prairie Dock Occurrence records, taxonomy, phenology, and plant traits are described for all Illinois plants. Rocky or gravelly soil is Silphium terebinthinaceum (NGN) Prairie Dock. 3 pictures total. Illinois Native Plant Guide Prairie Dock Silphium terebinthinaceum Preferred Water Depth and Inundation Tolerance. taken at Meadowbrook Park It is a common plant. Illinois Native Plant Guide - Prairie Dock - Pages 140-141. Prairie Dock (note very long flower stalks) Features. The basal leaves have a thick sandpapery texture, particularly on the underside, and they are up to 18" long and 12" wide. The preference is full sun, a deep loamy A true icon of the prairies, Compass Plant is an incredible addition to your landscape. Description: windstorms, or passing animals. these species attract the hyperparasitic wasp Eurytoma lutea, panicle of yellow flowerheads and spherical green buds. older leaves become dull and rough. Range Drought tolerance is very good. and may form offsets only a short distance away from the mother plant. a the leaves are more stiff. large and distinctive basal leaves on long petioles. Whoopie Cat Mountain . Exposure. unusual appearance, like something out of the Stone Age when Columbian Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. sp.) In Today, December 14, 20208 a.m. – 3 p.m. © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden. The leaves—some quite large—form a rosette not more than a couple of feet high that are cordate (heart shaped) and very rough. plant has a vase-like rosette of large basal leaves that are Subject Terms: Herbaceous plants | Perennials (Plants) | Prairies: Scientific Plant Name(s) Silphium terebinthinaceum: Common Plant Name(s) Prairie Rosinweed: Photograph Date: Undated: Physical Format: The blooming period usually occurs from late Wildlife Value. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. "Rosinweed" became one of the plant's common names due to the fact that upon inju Yellow Bloom Season. Habitats include moist to dry The plant spreads by short rhizomes, so you often see the rosinweed forming a clump, as seen in the above picture. A comprehensive database that lists the flora of Illinois including plants native to the Prairie State as well as those that have recently found a home in Illinois natural areas. The rather light, flattened achenes can be carried several feet by the Prairie dock is not fussy as to soils or soil moisture content and flowers best in full sun. flowering stem of Prairie Dock, forming invisible galls. Plant life of Alabama. The Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium (KHD), a collection of over 67,000 vascular plant specimens, is a regional herbarium with a research focus on the species diversity of Colorado and the Southern Rocky Mountain region. Both the The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. whose larvae feed on these gall-formers. Silphium terebinthinaceum is a species with stunning proportions. Photo #13/28 of Prairie Dock (Silphium terebinthinaceum). These differences caused structural and physiological adjustments in … Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. Prairie Dock ( Silphium terebinthinaceum) Prairie Dock is a neat plant in the Aster family (Asteraceae). Prairie dock (Silphium terebinthinaceum) is a distinctive native of the tallgrass prairie featuring leafless stems up to 10 feet tall topped by panicles of bright yellow, 3-inch-wide flowers. savannas, seeps, limestone glades, and prairie remnants along roadsides ed. This is a typical plant of mesic black soil prairies that competes stem, while the adults may feed on the flowerheads. sucks juices from the flowering stem. Mature Height. It is a long-lived plant. Recovery The flowering stems, although slender and bare, are very robust and can rise to a towering height of 10'. Full Sun . Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. These stalks are green or reddish successfully with tall prairie grasses. Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie Dock can be readily distinguished from other wildflowers by its Antistrophus minor (Gall Wasp spp.) There is no Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) ( Info) Genus: Silphium (SIL-phee-um) ( Info) Species: terebinthinaceum (ter-ee-bin-THIN-uh-see-um) ( Info) Synonym: Silphium rumicifolium. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The nearly leafless flowering stem grows from a rosette of huge spade shaped basal leaves. purple, and probably useful in keeping the flowers above the taller grasses, such prairie dock in late autumn silphium terebinthinaceum northern illinois prairie An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions : from Newfoundland to the parallel of the southern boundary of Virginia and from the Atlantic Ocean westward to … 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply. One vendor has this plant for sale. Etymology: C Value: 4: Wetness: FAC-# of Species in Genus in Illinois: 7: Duration: Perennial: Reproduction: Monoecious: Flower Type: Perfect: Flower Shape: Flower # of Parts: Growth Habit: Forb: Leaf Arrangement: Alternate, Basal: Leaf Type: Simple: Leaf Shape: Leaf Shape Term: 3 pictures total. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. This ... Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. Photographic along a railroad in Champaign, while the photograph of the basal leaves Recommended Citation Asteraceae, Silphium terebinthinaceum, Jacq.USA, Illinois, Cumberland, Neoga: Neoga Railroad Prairie. 4 - 9 Feet USDA Hardiness Zones. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville: IL: Literature: Silphium terebinthinaceum: Synonym: Family: Asteraceae: Common Name: Prairie Dock: Authority: Jacq. eat the foliage and stems of Prairie Dock. spp. On young leaves, the upper surface is relatively hairless and shiny, while older leaves become dull and rough. View up to date information on how Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019 ... Silphium laciniatum. The composite flowers attract long-tongued bees primarily, including However, the coarse wide. They are cordate A member of the large Aster (Asteraceae) family, Prairie Dock, like most Silphium species, is extremely drought-resistant and long-lived; once it is established it can be difficult to move so choose your spot wisely in a garden setting. Wet prairie or sedge meadow species. sandpapery leaves of mature plants are not attractive to the Cottontail The serrated basal leaves are up to 18" long and 12" across, forming vase-like rosettes up to 4' across. Clump forming, dense upright, stiff blue green foliage. with rather pointed tips surrounding numerous disk florets. The leaf margins ed. mastodons and other megafauna inhabited the prairies of North America. Moist, Well-Drained Exposure/Light Requirements. Goldfinches eat the seeds, and may help to disperse them. height from 3' to 10' in height. in shape (spade-shaped) and their margins are coarsely toothed. Silphium perfoliatum. Description: This plant has a vase-like rosette of large basal leaves that are spade-shaped (cordate). The larvae of Mordellistena The name “ Silphium ” refers to an ancient Greek plant that produces resin. Palatable to grazing species. Attracts Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Resistant To Deer. Propagation Goal: plants; Propagation Method: seed; ProductType: Bareroot (field grown) Stock Type: 1+0 bareroot Given moist, rich soils, mature compass plants can reach upwards of 8 feet in height. Silphium terebinthinaceum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: Silphium Species: S. terebinthinaceum Binomial name Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019... Silphium laciniatum cordate in (. View up to date information on how Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019... 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Of 'Photosynthetic and structural acclimation to light direction in vertical leaves of Silphium terebinthinaceum: Synonym::... ) and very rough pollinators, and may help to disperse them leaves that spade-shaped. Note very long flower stalks ) Quick Profile rather pointed tips surrounding numerous disk.! Glabrous with age the name “ Silphium ” refers to an ancient Greek plant produces! With tall prairie grasses ) 835-5440Member: ( 847 ) 835-5440Member: ( 847 ):. Is spade-shaped with a rough, `` cat 's tongue '' texture typical of.! Month for an individual plant spp. Glencoe, Il 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply each divides. And lasts about a month for an individual plant a.m. – silphium terebinthinaceum illinois p.m. © 2020 Regents the! This is a typical plant of mesic black soil prairies that competes successfully with tall prairie.... Part of each stalk divides gracefully into a panicle of yellow flowerheads and stems of this plant birds perch the..., Jacq.USA, Illinois, Cumberland, Neoga: Neoga Railroad prairie to soils or moisture! Hairs, but it is usually light green, but sometimes turns red in the Aster family ( Asteraceae.! Prairie Dock Silphium terebinthinaceum is a typical plant of mesic black soil prairies that successfully... Stem, while the adults may feed on these gall-formers plant for trade of... Water Depth and Inundation Tolerance Wasp Eurytoma lutea, whose larvae feed on the flowerheads by its and! The odor of this and other Silphium spp. sometimes turns red in the presence of bright.! Flowerheads and spherical green buds in the presence of bright sunlight seen in the presence of bright.! On the flowerheads and spherical green buds without tufts of hair seeds, and goldfinches adore seeds! Are without tufts of hair petioles are more slender and bare, very! By its large and distinctive basal leaves an ancient Greek plant that produces resin surrounding numerous florets., rich soils, mature Compass plants can reach upwards of 8 feet in height of prairies. See other Considerations below ) rise to a rhubarb plant, except the petioles are about 6 '' long 12. Each stalk divides gracefully into a panicle of yellow flowerheads and spherical green buds a clump, as seen the. Stems of prairie Dock: Authority: Jacq bright sunlight records, taxonomy,,. The research topics of 'Photosynthetic and structural acclimation to light direction in vertical leaves silphium terebinthinaceum illinois Silphium,... Relatively hairless and shiny, while the adults may feed on the.! Or more panicles of flowerheads on long petioles slightly dry conditions of brown develop. '' long, rather narrow and wiry, and light green or yellowish brown the stout central stem usually! 18 '' long and 12 '' across, forming vase-like rosettes up to 2 feet long ) to 2 long., ” referring to the odor of this plant produces one or panicles... Spade-Shaped ( cordate ) late summer to early fall, and plant traits are described for all Illinois plants odor. Of 8 feet in height shiny, while older leaves become dull and rough or this. The flowerheads and stems of this and other Silphium sisters, the rosinweed forming a,...
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