The announcement was made on FARC's website. )Employment by Occupation: Agriculture: 17%, Industry: 21%, Services: 62% (2011 est. Today, about 25,000 U.S. citizens are registered with the U.S. Embassy as living in Colombia, most of them dual nationals. TRAVEL AND BUSINESS INFORMATIONThe U.S. Department of State's Consular Information Program advises Americans traveling and residing abroad through Consular Information Sheets, Public Announcements, and Travel Warnings. Colombia Facts 1. But since the 1950's, Colombian artists (especially those working in three dimensions) have made many bold, innovative leaps with their techniques and aesthetics. The Conservatives held power until 1930, when revolutionary pressure put the Liberals back in power. Cacao, sugarcane, coconuts, bananas, plantains, rice, cotton, tobacco, cassava and most of the nation's beef cattle are produced in the hot regions from sea level to 1,000 meters elevation. Colombia's most famous author is Gabriel García Márquez, whose body of work through the 1970s earned him a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982. Colombia maintains an excellent extradition relationship with the United States. The theme of most children’s games, El Dorado, is actually a mythical city in ancient Colombia. Since 2003, the right-wing paramilitary group AUC has been involved in peace talks with the government, but despite demobilizing 4,000 troops, the vigilante group seemed as vigorous as ever in 2005. 1. The security forces number about 350,000 uniformed personnel: 190,000 military and 160,000 police. 6. The two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca peoples. World-famous pop singer Shakira hails from good old Colombia. Colombia is comprised of many regional cultures.Many of the indigenous groups of Colombia have embraced the Spanish cultural influences. In an official war against drug trafficking, Colombia became a public battleground with bombs, killings, and kidnappings. The communist party has been guaranteed electoral seats through 2026 as part of the peace agreement that ended their military actions. Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Colombia facts: 1. 40. Colombia is the third largest exporter of coffee in the world after Brazil and Vietnam. U.S. policy toward Colombia supports the Colombian Government's efforts to strengthen its democratic institutions, promote respect for human rights and the rule of law, intensify counter-narcotics efforts, foster socioeconomic development, address immediate humanitarian needs, and end the threats to democracy posed by narcotics trafficking and terrorism. Colombia is the third-most populous country in Latin America, after Brazil and Mexico. In 1990, the administration of President Cesar Gaviria (1990-94) initiated economic liberalization or "apertura," with tariff reductions, financial deregulation, privatization of state-owned enterprises and adoption of a more liberal foreign exchange rate. )Unemployment: 9.3% (2017 est. The city was founded by the Muisca people long before the arrival of the Spanish, who established their own city there. 48. Total Exports: $36.79 billion (2017 est. 59. Post-National Front YearsDuring the post-National Front years, the Colombian Government made efforts to negotiate a peace with the persistent guerrilla organizations that flourished in Colombia's remote and undeveloped rural areas. Santa Marta was the first permanent Spanish settlement founded in 1525. Manufacturing exports include textiles, chemicals, garments, and metal products. Colombia maintained a tradition of civilian government and regular, free, elections. 14 Weird Facts about Colombia. The country has coastlines on two oceans: the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea which is part of the Atlantic Ocean. info)), is a transcontinental country largely in the north of South America, with territories in North America. The violence has created more than 100,000 refugees, while 2 million Colombians have fled the country in recent years. Kindle Edition. The current colors of the national flag of Colombia are based on the colors that the Venezuelan Francisco Miranda, one of the instigators to the uprising of the Spanish-American colonies, coined for the first time in representation of the territories in route towards the independence. Other Contact InformationU.S. Colombia is also a significant producer of gold, silver, and platinum. 1718 - Bogota becomes the capital of the Spanish vice-royalty of Nueva Granada, which also rules Ecuador and Venezuela.. 1819 - Simon Bolivar defeats Spanish at Boyaca. Interesting facts about Medellin Colombia. The following year, Colombia lost its claims to Panama because it refused to ratify the lease to the United States of the Canal Zone. Panama separated from Colombia, partly due to the United States involvement in building the Panama Canal. In February 2002, after the FARC hijacked a commercial aircraft and kidnapped a senator, Pastrana ordered the military to attack rebel positions and reassert control over the neutral zone. In 1508, Vasco Nuñez de Balboa reached Colombia alongside Martín Fernández de Enciso. All Rights Reserved. Mining and Energy Colombia has considerable mineral and energy resources, especially coal and natural gas reserves. On June 15, 2014, Juan Manuel Santos won reelection with 53.1% of the vote and Oscar Ivan Zuluaga 46.9%. Colombia's pre-Columbian art has always stood out, but during its tenure as a colony of Spain Colombia often followed the lead of European artists in terms of style. The capital of Colombia is the busy city of Bogota. At the age of 4, she had her first poem which later became a song. Without Futbol, its iconic yellow jerseys, its heartthrob, James Rodriguez, or without its unique goal dance, Colombian people couldn’t get a peaceful night’s sleep. 26. 10. Now here’s the skinny on Medellin’s history and other interesting facts that will help you get a great idea about the immense Colombian City! The Spaniards lead by Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. On March 6, Nicaragua broke off diplomatic relations with Colombia to demonstrate unity with President Rafael Correa of Ecuador. Colombia is the only country in South America to have coastlines on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is the home country for many famous people such as Shakira and the famous writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez. President Uribe instituted a wealth tax in 2002, which raised over $800 million, with 70% used to increase 2002-2003 defense spending. In 1996 he was accused of accepting campaign contributions from drug traffickers, but the House of Representatives absolved him of the charges. The United States provides equipment to the Colombian military and police through the military assistance program, foreign military sales and the international narcotics control program. Notwithstanding the country's commitment to democratic institutions, Colombia's history also has been characterized by widespread, violent conflict. 22. In Dec. 1999, the Colombian military announced that 2,787 people were kidnapped that year—the largest number in the world—and blamed rebels. What might prove the biggest change to the current balance is the reformation of militant rebel group FARC (Fuerza Armada Revolucionaria de Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) into the communist political party FARC (Fuerza Alternativa Revolucionaria del Común, the People's Alternative Revolutionary Force). In 1997, the United States and Colombia signed an important maritime ship-boarding agreement to allow for search of suspected drug-running vessels. The condor signifies liberty as well as sovereignty, the yellow symbolizes the natural riches of the country while the red symbolizes the bloodshed in the war for independence. longform poetry from the country's different indigenous groups. Discover the country's long and fascinating history with these interesting historical facts about Colombia. 57. In the 1980s, Colombia broadened its bilateral and multilateral relations, joining the Contadora Group, the Group of Eight (now the Rio Group) and the Non-Aligned Movement, which it chaired from 1994 until September 1998. Sponsored LinksTravel reviews & great deals at TripAdvisor:Colombia. The only activities closed to foreign direct investment are defense and national security, and disposal of hazardous wastes. 11 Interesting Facts About Colombia . With independence in 1819, Bogotá became the capital of the Gran Colombia, and -subsequently- of the Republic of Colombia. His son Sebastián Marroquín, born Juan Pablo Escobar, 24 February 1977, is a motivational speaker. The support was enough to propel Santos to a victory with 53.1% over Zuluaga's 46.9%. Coffee is gulped down like water. Colombia's economy is the fastest growing in the world behind China; the country has very large supplies of coal and petroleum (although the country itself is 70% powered by hydroelectric, making it a leader in renewable energy), and it has recently seen major upturns in electronics, information technology, shipbuilding, and tourism. The cooler elevations--between 2,000 and 3,000 meters--produce wheat, barley, potatoes, cold-climate vegetables, flowers, dairy cattle and poultry. History - History - National Symbols - Expanded History - Events and Holidays - Timeline; Photos - Video - Photos - Video - Videos; Travel - Travel - Travel Maps ... Colombia Facts. In 1995-96, the United States and Colombia signed important agreements on environmental protection and civil aviation. Its original name was Bacatá: The current land of Bogotá was first inhabited by the Muiscas, one of the multiple aboriginal groups that have lived in Colombia since the Precolumbian era until now. This is because Colombia... 3. Colombia is the world’s leading producer of Emeralds. Many Colombian military personnel receive training in the United States or from U.S. instructors in Colombia. The red and yellow colors of the Colombian flag were adapted from the Spanish flag and the stripe of blue symbolizes the ocean that separates the country of Colombia from Spain. A similar tax to be imposed from 2007-2011 is expected to raise up to $3.6 billion. 1. The Department of State encourages all U.S citizens traveling or residing abroad to register via the State Department's travel registration website or at the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate abroad. As the home of the continent's oldest Spanish language academy, it should come as no surprise that Colombia is a major literary country. Coffee is not native to Colombia. The Pre-Colombian Era . 27. What is now Colombia and An upsurge in violence accompanied his inauguration, and Uribe declared a state of emergency within a week. Along the way, we learnt many interesting facts about Colombia – we share our favourites below. He came in behind his main opponent, the Democratic Center Party's Óscar Iván Zuluaga in the first round when Zuluaga received 29.25% of the vote and Santos received 25.69%. Colombia Geo Superlatives Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America and the second most populous country in South America after Brazil. The Pastrana administration unveiled its "Plan Colombia" in 1999 as a strategy to deal with these longstanding problems, and sought support from the international community. 30. More than 2 million people have been forced to leave their homes and several Indian tribes are close to extinction. Public Announcements are issued to disseminate information quickly about terrorist threats and other relatively short-term conditions overseas that pose significant risks to the security of American travelers. That is one of the highest numbers of public holidays in the... 2. Customer service representatives and operators for TDD/TTY are available Monday-Friday, 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 midnight, Eastern Time, excluding federal holidays. In recent years Colombia (much like South Korea since the 1990s) has undergone major dedicated efforts to export their pop culture around the globe. Cano Cristales – the “River of Five Colors” or the “Liquid Rainbow”, is a river in Colombia located in the Serrania de la Macarena province of Meta. Columbia Bar, a sandbar in the estuary of the Columbia River; Columbia Country, the region of British Columbia encompassing the northern portion of that river's upper reaches . The Colombia Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers) Ann Farnsworth-Alvear. Official name: Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia), Land area: 401,042 sq mi (1,038,699 sq km), Total area: 439,736 sq mi (1,138,910 sq km), Other large cities: Medellin 3.934 million; Cali 2.726 million; Barranquilla 2.218 million; Bucaramanga 1.295 million; Cartagena 1.047 million; Cucuta 913,000 (2018), National Holiday: Independence Day (7/20), Population Change: Growth rate: 0.99%; 16.1 births/1,000 population, 5.5 deaths/1,000 population, -0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est. Colombia's industries include textiles and clothing, leather products, processed foods and beverages, paper and paper products, chemicals and petrochemicals, cement, construction, iron and steel products and metalworking. Narco-terrorists assassinated three presidential candidates during the election campaign of 1990. Terrorist groups in Colombia are actively engaged in narcotics production and trafficking. Four more FARC-held hostages were released in February 2009, including three Colombian police officers—Alexis Torres, Juan Fernando Galicia, and Jose Walter Lozano—and a Colombian soldier, William Rodriguez. During the Pastrana administration, relations with the United States improved significantly. Indications that hunter-gatherer societies lived in Colombia in around 1200 BC has been discovered near Bogota (at El Arbra and Tequendama) however evidence of human habitation of South America has been dated as far back as 43, 000 BC. Plan Colombia is a comprehensive program to combat narco-terrorism; spur economic recovery; strengthen democratic institutions and respect for human rights; and provide humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons. A major part of Uribe's popularity came from his unyielding operations against FARC. It lies above the Pacific Ring of Fire, a region where volcanoes and earthquakes are as natural as birds and bees. Uribe has produced some impressive results in fixing his country's ills, however. Escobar first created this ruthless, highly organized Colombian gang in 1972. His novel 100 Years of Solitude is widely read around the world. 4. She danced her way into the world of fame and has won many awards and recognized globally as a successful artist. Consular Affairs Publications, which contain information on obtaining passports and planning a safe trip abroad, are also available at http://www.travel.state.gov. U.S. exports to Colombia in 2006 were $6.9 billion, up 13.2% from the previous year. Fact 7: In 1975, Colombian women were given the right to vote. We've got you covered with our map collection. Between 2002 and 2006, Colombia saw a decrease in homicides by 37%, kidnappings by 78%, terrorist attacks by 63%, and attacks on the country's infrastructure by 60%. Foreign InvestmentThe United States is the largest source of new foreign direct investment (FDI) in Colombia, particularly in the areas of coal and petroleum. 1. Basically it’s a sport involving throwing a metal disc on a tablet with... 3. The FARC has rejected several government proposals aimed at bringing about an exchange of some 45 hostages. Other major changes since the adoption of the constitution is the adoption of an adversarial model for Colombia's courts. Interesting History of Cartagena, Colombia October 28, 2018, 9:11 am Cartagena was officially founded and settled under the Spanish Empire in 1533, by Don Pedro de Heredia and took its name from the Spanish city of Cartagena. In addition, over 10,000 members of the AUC and other illegal armed groups have individually surrendered their arms. Department of State2201 C Street, NWWashington, DC 20520Main Switchboard: 202-647-4000 ( http://www.state.gov), U.S. Department of Commerce, Trade Information Center, International Trade Administration1401 Constitution AvenueWashington, DC 20230(tel: 800-USA-TRADE, Internet: http://trade.gov), Colombian-American Chamber of CommerceCalle 98, @2264, Oficina 1209Apartado Aereo 8008Bogota, Colombia(tel: (571) 621-5042/7925/6838, fax: (571) 612-6838, Internet: www.colombiachamber.com/)Chapters in Cali, Cartagena, Medellin. Colombian spending on defense grew over 30% after inflation from 2001 to 2005, from $2.6 billion to more than 3.9 billion. Andrés Pastrana Arango was elected president in 1998, pledging to clean up corruption. 12. An important city during the colonial era, it was the seat of the Viceroy of New Granada. Starbucks opened its 1000th store in Latin America, and the first in the city of Medellín, Colombia. By the time of the Spanish arrival in the 1500s, the Muisca were especially prominent in the area, having organized into a loose confederation that controlled a great deal of valuable land. Interesting facts about Colombia Fun Facts. Drinking coffee in Colombia is a cheesy affair. The umbrella group for these paramilitaries is the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC). The name "Colombia" is derived from the last name of Italian navigator and explorer Christopher Columbus who helped to colonize the Americas and create the modern Western world. Colombia is named after the legendary Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer – Christopher Columbus. Colombian governments have had to contend with the combined terrorist activities of left-wing guerrillas, the rise of paramilitary self-defense forces in the 1990s and the drug cartels. U.S. EmbassyCalle 22D Bis, No. In the early 2000s the government pass legislation encouraging the development of the country's film industry. 24. $16.17 #31. 37. Unknown was whether FARC, also known as Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, would release the kidnapped civilians they currently hold or whether the orders can be enforced among all the rebels in the group. Maybe they were all broke. Colombia is the only overland gateway to South America and is assumed to have been the route pioneered by the continent's first human inhabitants, who migrated from North and Central America. Combination of state-owned and privately owned broadcast media provide service; more than 500 radio stations and many national, regional, and local TV stations (2007). Chavez subsequently withdrew the Venezuelan ambassador to Colombia. Colombia historically has been the world's leading producer of emeralds, although production has fallen in recent years. Bogotá occupies a sloping plain at the base of two mountains , Guadalupe and Monserrate, upon whose crests stand two imposing churches. In his first year, Uribe beefed up Colombia's security forces with the help of U.S. special forces, launched an aggressive campaign against the drug trade, and passed several economic reform bills. Colombia’s GDP was $292.1 billion in 2016. The Uribe government offered to negotiate a peace agreement with these groups with the condition that they agree to a unilateral cease fire and to end drug trafficking and kidnapping. Dance, music, art and culture make Colombia unique. In opposite to European mannequins The store mannequins in Colombia have very curvy bodies (huge boobs) 2. 85 Interesting facts about Colombia. It loves its holidays, organizing salsa parades, flower parades, carnivals and more. Gas production totaled 680 million cubic feet per day. U.S. Consular Agency in BaranquillaCalle 77, No. Former Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos handily won the second round of presidential elections in June 2010, taking 69% of the vote. The King of Coke, Pablo Escobar, was born and bred in Colombia. Full independence was proclaimed in 1813, and in 1819 the Republic of Greater Colombia was formed to include all the territory of the former Viceroyalty (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama). The country is now one of the safest in South America, imposes short-term laws to avoid violence and has eradicated it’s drug-fuelled past to create an absolutely beautiful place to live, visit and teach in. )Government Revenues: 27.7% of GDP (2017 est. 14 Weird Facts about Colombia. That’s more than the monthly salary of all the CEO’s of all the top Fortune 500 companies put together. The agreement granted duty-free treatment to farm products and a variety of foods. The constitution also authorized the introduction of an accusatory system of criminal justice that is gradually being instituted throughout the country, replacing the previous written inquisitorial system. Experts believe that 3000 out of the 14000 spices of butterflies are found in Colombia. But it was Alonso de Ojeda the first to do an exploration in the area of Gulf of Darién. Moral of the story: Always book your return flight…eh..ship. The eastern half is a low, jungle-covered plain, drained by spurs of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers, inhabited mostly by isolated tropical-forest Indian tribes. Export.gov provides a portal to all export-related assistance and market information offered by the federal government and provides trade leads, free export counseling, help with the export process, and more. The architecture of the nation reflectsSpanish colonial origins from the seventeenth century. 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